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Maher v. Federal Bureau of Prisons

United States District Court, D. New Jersey

February 26, 2019

LAWRENCE E. MAHER, Petitioner,
v.
FEDERAL BUREAU OF PRISONS, Respondent.

          OPINION

          ROBERT B. KUGLER UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         Petitioner Lawrence E. Maher is a federal prisoner currently incarcerated at F.C.I. Fort Dix in Fort Dix, New Jersey. He is proceeding pro se with a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. On May 7, 2018, the Court dismissed the Petition for lack of jurisdiction. (ECF Nos. 4 & 5). Currently before the Court is Petitioner's motion for reconsideration. (ECF No. 8). For the following reasons, the Court will deny Petitioner's motion for reconsideration.

         I. BACKGROUND

         As discussed more thoroughly in the Court's May 7, 2018, Opinion (ECF No. 4), on April 6, 2005, Petitioner was found guilty of possession with intent to distribute cocaine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1), in the United States District Court for the District of Maine. (ECF No. 1, at 1; ECF No. 1-1, at 4). Petitioner received a sentence of 262 months' imprisonment. (ECF No. 1-1, at 4). Thereafter, Petitioner filed a § 2255 motion arguing that he did not receive effective assistance of counsel. The District Court of Maine denied his motion. (ECF No. 1, at 4).

         Petitioner then filed a habeas Petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 (the “Petition”) in this Court and claimed that he unlawfully received a two-level sentence enhancement for possession of a firearm that was not in his indictment. He then requested that this Court vacate his sentence and resentence him to preclude the firearm enhancement.

         Upon screening the Petition, the Court found that § 2255 was not inadequate or ineffective to address Petitioner's sentencing enhancement claim and as a result, dismissed the § 2241 Petition for lack of jurisdiction.

         II. STANDARD OF REVIEW

         Local Civil Rule 7.1(i) governs motions under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 59(e)[1] and allows parties to seek reconsideration of what they believe are “overlooked” matters. See Carney v. Pennsauken Twp. Police Dep't, No. 11-7366, 2013 WL 4501454, at *1 (D.N.J. Aug. 21, 2013). “The standard for reargument is high” and courts should “only sparingly” grant reconsideration. Yarrell v. Bartkowski, No. 10-5337, 2012 WL 1600316, at *3 (D.N.J. May 7, 2012) (citing United States v. Jones, 158 F.R.D. 309, 314 (D.N.J. 1994)). To be successful on a motion for reconsideration, a party has the burden to demonstrate: “(1) an intervening change in the controlling law; (2) the availability of new evidence that was not available when the court [issued its order]; or (3) the need to correct a clear error of law or fact or to prevent manifest injustice.” Max's Seafood Café ex rel. Lou-Ann, Inc. v. Quinteros, 176 F.3d 669, 677 (3d Cir. 1999).

         III. DISCUSSION

         After reviewing Petitioner's submissions, the Court will deny his motion for reconsideration. In its earlier Opinion, the Court found that it lacked jurisdiction under § 2241 to consider Petitioner's sentencing enhancement arguments. More specifically, Petitioner argued that the District Court of Maine unlawfully enhanced his sentence by adding a firearm violation that was not in his indictment. (See ECF No. 1-1, at 3-5). Petitioner relied on Alleyne v. United States, 570 U.S. 99, 102 (2013), wherein the Supreme Court held that any fact that increases a mandatory minimum sentence for a crime is an element of the crime. Further, the Supreme Court concluded that trial courts must submit such facts to a jury, and juries must find such facts beyond a reasonable doubt. Id.

         This Court rejected Petitioner's arguments because he did not allege facts sufficient to bring him within the Dorsainvil exception. In re Dorsainvil, 119 F.3d 245, 251-52 (3d Cir. 1997). Petitioner did not allege that he is actually innocent of the underlying crime due to a retroactive change in substantive law that negated the criminality of his conduct. Rather, Petitioner's claim was that the district court improperly gave him a sentencing enhancement. Such an argument did not fall within the Dorsainvil exception as it only alleged that Petitioner was innocent of a sentencing enhancement as opposed to being actually innocent of the crime for which he was convicted. See, e.g., United States v. Brown, 456 Fed.Appx. 79, 81 (3d Cir. 2012) (finding that petitioner did not meet the savings clause, “as he makes no allegation that he is actually innocent of the crime for which he was convicted, but instead asserts only that he is ‘innocent' of being a career offender.”), cert. denied, 568 U.S. 857 (2012); Selby v. Scism, 453 Fed.Appx. 266, 268 (3d Cir. 2011) (“Selby does not argue that he is innocent of the offense for which he was convicted; he argues that he is ‘innocent' of a sentencing enhancement because of an intervening change in law. Accordingly, the exception described in In re Dorsainvil does not apply.”); Crawford v. United States, No. 12-1545, 2012 WL 5199167, at *5 (D.N.J. Oct. 19, 2012) (“The safety valve under § 2255 does not apply when an inmate challenges the enhancement of his sentence as Petitioner does here.”).

         Additionally, this Court rejected Petitioner's argument based on the Supreme Court's decision in Alleyne, finding that it did not fall within the Dorsainvil exception. As the Third Circuit held, “§ 2255 is not inadequate or ineffective for a prisoner to raise” Alleyne claims, and in turn, this Court could not have jurisdiction under § 2241 to adjudicate Petitioner's Alleyne claim. Sacksith v. Warden Canaan USP, 552 Fed.Appx. 108, 109 (3d Cir. 2014); see also Olivier-Diaz v. Warden Fort Dix FCI, 562 Fed.Appx. 65, 66 (3d Cir. 2014).

         After concluding that this Court lacked jurisdiction, the Court dismissed the Petition and held that it was not in the interests of justice to transfer the Petition to the First Circuit as it did not appear that Petitioner could satisfy the requirements of 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(2). See United States v. Winkelman, 746 F.3d 134, 136 (3d Cir. 2014) (finding that Alleyne does not apply retroactively to cases on collateral review).

         Turning then to the instant motion, Petitioner's argument in seeking reconsideration is fundamentally flawed. Petitioner contends that the Fourth Circuit's recent decision in United States v. Wheeler, “refut[es] this Court's assertion that it has no jurisdiction to hear this case.” 886 F.3d 415, 429 (4th Cir. 2018); (ECF No. 8, at 1). In Wheeler, the Fourth Circuit set forth a new savings clause test to determine when § 2255 is “inadequate or ineffective” to address sentencing enhancement claims. Wheeler, 886 F.3d at 429. In essence, the Fourth Circuit expanded its Dorsainvil-type[2] savings clause jurisprudence to allow ยง 2241 challenges to ...


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