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Garcia v. Rubin & Rothman, LLC

United States District Court, D. New Jersey

September 24, 2018

RUBIN & ROTHMAN, LLC, Defendant.



         Before the Court is Plaintiff Rafael Garcia's (“Mr. Garcia”) motion for attorneys' fees and costs in the amount of $27, 350.00, following his acceptance of an Offer of Judgment[1] from Defendant Rubin & Rothman, LLC (“Rubin & Rothman”).[2] The parties consented to Magistrate Judge jurisdiction over this motion.[3] For the reasons set forth herein, this Court GRANTS in part and DENIES in part Mr. Garcia's motion for attorneys' fees and costs for a total award of $25, 304.20.


         This case arises from Defendant Rubin & Rothman's alleged violations of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“Fair Debt Act”).[5] Mr. Garcia filed his Complaint December 16, 2016, alleging that Rubin & Rothman violated the Fair Debt Act while attempting to collect a consumer debt from Mr. Garcia.[6] Rubin & Rothman is a debt collection firm.[7]

         On September 17, 2010, Rubin & Rothman filed a lawsuit (“the State Court Action”) against Mr. Garcia on behalf of Toyota Motor Credit Corporation (“Toyota”) in the Passaic County Superior Court. Toyota brought the action with regard to a debt Mr. Garcia incurred based upon an alleged retail installment contract for an automobile loan.[8] The complaint sought to collect $8, 146.34 plus interest accrued from March 29, 2010.[9] On November 11, 2010, Mr. Garcia and Toyota entered into a Stipulation of Settlement in the State Court Action whereby Mr. Garcia agreed to pay Toyota $8, 170.59, plus interest, at the rate of $150.00 per month until the full amount is paid.[10]

         As of April 13, 2015, Mr. Garcia had allegedly paid off $7, 985.96 of the $8, 170.59 agreed upon. In his Complaint, Mr. Garcia alleges that Rubin & Rothman filed an Application for Default of Stipulation of Settlement on December 18, 2015 which “falsely claim[ed]” the Complaint Amount owed to Toyota was $15, 875.20.[11] As a result of Rubin & Rothman filing the Application for Default, Judgement was entered against Mr. Garcia in the State Court Action in the amount of $8, 155.70, in addition to the nearly $8, 000.00 he had already paid.[12]

         The Fair Debt Act states that debt collectors may not falsely represent the character, amount or legal status of any debt[13] and that such debt collectors may not use unfair or unconscionable means to collect any debt.[14] In his Complaint, Mr. Garcia alleges that Rubin & Rothman violated the Fair Debt Act by falsely representing the amount owed in the Application for Default and using other unfair or unconscionable means to collect the debt he owed to Toyota.[15]

         The parties litigated this case briefly. Rubin & Rothman filed its Answer on May 1, 2017.[16]On July 25, 2017, the Court held a Rule 16 conference.[17] On September 14, 2017, the Court held a status conference.[18] On November 15, 2017, the Court held a telephone conference.[19] On January 10, 2018, the Court held a telephone conference.[20] Thereafter, Rubin & Rothman served an Offer of Judgment (“the Offer”) under Rule 68 for an amount not to be disclosed on the record. Mr. Garcia accepted the Offer on March 28, 2018.[21]

         The parties negotiated but were unable to settle the issue of Mr. Garcia's reasonable attorneys' fees and costs. On June 29, 2018, Mr. Garcia filed the present motion.[22]


         Under the Fair Debt Act, a “debt collector who fails to comply with any provision”[23] of the Act “with respect to an individual plaintiff is liable for any actual damages sustained as well as statutory damages as awarded by the court, not to exceed $1, 000.00.”[24] In the case of successful actions to enforce liability, the Act provides for an award of “the costs of the action, together with a reasonable attorney's fee as determined by the court.”[25]

         In the context of awarding attorneys' fees under the Fair Debt Act, a plaintiff may be considered a “prevailing party” if a “plaintiff succeeds on any significant issue in litigation which achieves some of the benefit plaintiff sought by bringing the suit.”[26] The Third Circuit has held that successful cases under the Fair Debt Act require an award of attorney's fees and that those fees “should not be construed as a special or discretionary remedy.”[27]

         The Fair Debt Act specifically provides that an attorney's fee under the Act must be “reasonable, ”[28] one which is “adequate to attract competent counsel, but which [does] not produce windfalls to attorneys.”[29] In order to determine a reasonable fee under the Fair Debt Act, courts must calculate the “lodestar” amount by “multiplying the total number of hours reasonably expended by a reasonable hourly rate.”[30]

         As the moving party, Mr. Garcia bears the burden of proving that his requested hourly rates and hours claimed are reasonable.[31] If the opposing party wishes to challenge the fee award, the opposing party must then object “with sufficient specificity.”[32] Once an “adverse party raises specific objections to the fee request, the district court has a great deal of discretion to adjust the award in light of those objections.”[33] After such an objection, “the party requesting fees must demonstrate to the satisfaction of the court that its fee request is reasonable.”[34]

         Although the Third Circuit presumes that the lodestar yields a reasonable fee, district courts retain discretion to adjust the lodestar.[35] “The party seeking adjustment has the burden of proving that an adjustment is necessary.”[36] District courts may adjust the lodestar based on a number of factors, including but not limited to:

the time and labor required; the novelty and difficulty of the legal issue; the skill required to perform the legal service properly; the customary fee in the community for similar work; the amount involved and results obtained; the experience, reputation and ability of the attorneys; the nature and length of the attorney-client relationship; and fee awards in similar cases.[37]

         “After calculating the lodestar, the court may deviate from it, but only in the ‘rare circumstances in which the lodestar does not adequately take into account a factor that may properly be considered in determining a reasonable fee.'”[38] “Thus, the consideration of [the factors that the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit articulated in Johnson v. Ga. Highway Express, Inc., 488 F.2d 714, 717-19 (5th Cir. 1974)] is permissible on the back end of a lodestar's calculation, as long as [those factors] are not already ‘subsumed in the lodestar calculation.'”[39]


         With the above principles in mind, the Court notes that Rubin & Rothman does not dispute that the Fair Debt Act provides for an award of reasonable attorney's fees and costs, nor does it dispute that Mr. Garcia is a prevailing party in this matter due to his recovery of a judgment. Accordingly, the Court will address the only issue in dispute, whether Mr. Garcia's requested attorneys' fees are reasonable.

         a. Breakdown of Fee Award Sought

         Mr. Garcia seeks an award of attorneys' fees and costs totaling $27, 886. Mr. Garcia requests an award of fees for Lawrence Hersh, Esq. (“Mr. Hersh”), for 52.2 hours at $500.00 per hour - totaling $27, 350. Mr. Garcia also seeks to recover $536 in litigation costs.[40]

         b. Reasonable Hourly Rates

         Counsel's billing records reflect that Lawrence Hersh, Esq. is the only professional who worked on this case on behalf of Plaintiff Garcia.[41] Mr. Hersh bills his time at the rate of $500 per hour.[42] Mr. Hersh has certified that he has been licensed to practice law for nearly 29 years, [43] and worked at a number of law firms before opening his own practice in 2002.[44] Mr. Hersh also certifies that he devotes a substantial portion of his practice to consumer law matters and has represented plaintiffs in more than 75 Fair Debt Act cases.[45] The Court notes that in a similar action in this District, the Honorable Joseph A. Dickson, U.S.M.J., found that Mr. Hersh's then- current hourly rate of $500.00 was reasonable.[46] Taking these factors together, this Court also finds that Mr. Hersh's hourly rate of $500 is reasonable.

         c. Reasonable Hours Expended

         Turning to whether Mr. Hersh's claimed hours are reasonable, a party “is not automatically entitled to compensation for all the time its attorneys spent working on the case.”[47] Instead, a court must “decide whether the hours set out were reasonably expended for each of the particular purposes described, and then exclude those that are excessive, redundant, or otherwise unnecessary.”[48] A court “may not reduce an award sua sponte” and must only do so in response to an opposing party's ...

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