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Kane v. Phoenix Care Systems, Inc.

United States District Court, D. New Jersey

September 17, 2018




         This matter, having been opened by the Court sua sponte based on the failure of plaintiff Patricia Kane to comply with this Court's June 7, 2018 order to enter an appearance either by counsel or pro se (ECF No. 25); and plaintiff having failed to appear at an in-person case management conference on September 17, 2018; and for good cause shown, it is respectfully recommended that plaintiff's Complaint be stricken and that the case be dismissed without prejudice.


         Plaintiff commenced this action through counsel on July 12, 2017 in the Superior Court of New Jersey, Law Division, Middlesex County. (ECF No. 1-1). Plaintiff alleged that defendants Phoenix Care Systems and Leonard Dziubla discriminated and retaliated against her on the basis of sex by subjecting her to a hostile work environment. (Id.) Defendants removed the action to this Court on August 10, 2017. (ECF No. 1). Although the case initially proceeded with the assistance of counsel, on May 24, 2018, plaintiffs counsel moved to withdraw from her representation of plaintiff on the basis of plaintiffs continued failure to complete discovery and respond to counsel's communications. (ECF No. 24). By order dated June 7, 2018, the Court granted counsel's motion to withdraw and directed plaintiff to either enter her appearance pro se or have substitute counsel enter an appearance on her behalf. (ECF No. 25). Withdrawing counsel served a copy of the order on plaintiff via First Class Mail and Federal Express. (ECF No. 26). Plaintiff failed to enter an appearance or secure substitute counsel; as a result, by order dated July 12, 2018, the Court deemed her to be pro se. (ECF No. 27). The Court further ordered that the parties appear for an in-person case management conference on September 17, 2018 at 11:00 am. (Id.) The Clerk's Office sent a copy of the July 12, 2018 order to plaintiff via certified mail, but it was returned as unclaimed. (ECF No. 28). Defense counsel appeared for the conference by telephone at the appointed date and time, but plaintiff did not.


         Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37(b) authorizes the Court to strike a party's pleading or dismiss an action as sanction for failure to provide or permit discovery. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 37(b)(2)(A). Rule 16(f) empowers the Court to impose the same sanctions against a party who fails to appear at a pretrial conference or to comply with a pretrial order. Fed.R.Civ.P. 16(f)(1); see also Ramada Worldwide, Inc. v. Veer Enters., LLC, Civ. No. 10-6480 (ES), 2013 WL 1314451, at *2(D.N.J. Mar. 28, 2013).

         In Poulis v. State Farm Fire and Casualty Co., 747 F.2d 863 (3d Cir. 1984), the Third Circuit identified six factors that courts should balance when deciding whether to sanction a party by curtailing the right to proceed with or defend against a claim. Id. at 868. The Poulis factors are:

(1) [t]he extent of the party's personal responsibility; (2) the prejudice to the adversary caused by the failure to meet scheduling orders and respond to discovery; (3) a history of dilatoriness; (4) whether the conduct of the party or the attorney was willful or in bad faith; (5) the effectiveness of sanctions other than dismissal, which entails an analysis of alternative sanctions; and (6) the meritoriousness of the claim or defense.

Id. (emphasis omitted); see also Hogan v. Raymond Corp., 536 Fed.Appx. 207, 212 & n.5 (3d Cir. 2013); Knoll v. City o/Allentown, 707 F.3d 406, 409 n.2 (3d Cir. 2013). No. single Poulis factor is determinative, and dismissal may be appropriate even if some of the factors are not met. See Hogan, 536 Fed.Appx. at 212; Mindek v. Rigatti, 964 F.2d 1369, 1373 (3d Cir. 1992). If a Court finds dismissal appropriate under Poulis, it may dismiss an action sua sponte, pursuant to its inherent powers and Fed.R.Civ.P. 16(f). See Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(f)(1) ("On motion or on its own, the court may issue any just orders, including those authorized by Rule 37(b)(2)(A)(ii)-(vii), if a party . . . fails to appear at a ... pretrial conference; [or] ... fails to obey a scheduling or other pretrial order."); Mindek, 964 F.2d at 1372-75; Foreman v. Previziz, Civ. No. 13-5807 (SDW), 2015 WL 1931453, at *1-2 (D.N.J. Apr. 27, 2015).

         1. Plaintiffs Personal Responsibility.

         In this case, it appears that plaintiff alone is responsible for her failure to comply with this Court's Orders to appear for the September 17, 2018 case management conference. Plaintiffs failure to comply demonstrates a willful decision to disregard the Court's Orders.

         2. Prejudice to Defendants.

         Plaintiffs refusal to participate in this case and to comply with mis Court's Orders has prejudiced defendants' ability to defend themselves in this action, The Third Circuit has held that prejudice in this context does not mean "irremediable harm," but the "burden imposed by impeding a party's ability to prepare effectively a full and complete trial strategy is sufficiently prejudicial." Ware v. Rodale Press, Inc., 322 F.3d 218, 222 (3d Cir. 2003). Here, with plaintiffs failure to participate and communicate with this Court and opposing counsel, defendants are prevented from presenting their defenses and concluding the action.

         3. History ...

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