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Alexander v. Linardakis

United States District Court, D. New Jersey

August 23, 2018

GAVEN D. ALEXANDER, Plaintiff,
v.
TERRY LINARDAKIS, et al., Defendants.

          MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

          Michael A. Shipp, United States District Judge.

         Plaintiff Gaven D. Alexander, a prisoner currently confined at the Ocean County Jail in Toms River, New Jersey, seeks to bring this civil action in forma pauperis, without prepayment of fees or security, asserting claims pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the "Act"), which amends 28 U.S.C. § 1915, establishes certain financial requirements for prisoners who are attempting to bring a civil action in forma pauperis.

         Under the Act, a prisoner bringing a civil action in forma pauperis must submit an affidavit, including a statement of all assets, which states that the prisoner is unable to pay the fee. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1). The prisoner must also submit a certified copy of his inmate trust fund account statement for the six-month period immediately preceding the filing of his complaint. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(2). The prisoner must obtain this statement from the appropriate official of each prison at which he was or is confined. Id.

         The entire fee to be paid in advance of filing a civil complaint is $400. That fee includes a filing fee of $350 plus an administrative fee of $50, for a total of $400. A prisoner who is granted in forma pauperis status will, instead, be assessed a filing fee of $350 and will not be responsible for the $50 administrative fee. If in forma pauperis status is denied, the prisoner must pay the full $400, including the $350 filing fee and the $50 administrative fee, before the complaint will be filed.

         If the prisoner is granted in forma pauperis status, the prisoner must pay the full amount of the $350 filing fee as follows. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1). In each month that the amount in the prisoner's account exceeds $10.00, until the $350.00 filing fee is paid, the agency having custody of the prisoner shall assess, deduct from the prisoner's account, and forward to the Clerk of the Court, payment equal to 20% of the preceding month's income credited to the prisoner's account. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2).

         Plaintiff may not have known when he submitted his complaint that he must pay the filing fee, and that even if the full filing fee, or any part of it, has been paid, the Court must dismiss the case if it finds that the action is: (1) frivolous or malicious; (2) fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted; or (3) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). If the Court dismisses the case for any of these reasons, the Act does not permit the prisoner to get his filing fee back.

         In this action, the prison account statement submitted by Plaintiff shows that he had an income of $1, 362.00 in the six months prior to the filing of the Complaint. As such, Plaintiff had an income in excess of an average of $200 a month during that time period-indeed, although the Complaint was filed on May 2, 2018, the account statement was dated April 13, 2018, so Plaintiff received the $1, 362.00 income in less than six months. As such, Plaintiff has not established his inability to pay the filing fee. In Shahin v. Secretary of State of Delaware, 532 Fed.Appx. 123, 124 (3d Cir. 2013), the Third Circuit upheld an IFP denial by the district court, even when the plaintiff showed that she only had a monthly income of $95 from self-employment. Because the plaintiff was provided, by her husband, "with food, clothing, shelter, paying her medical and travel expenses and even her business losses," the Third Circuit reasoned, "requiring [plaintiff] to pay her own litigation expenses, although requiring her to save for several months, would not deprive her of the 'necessities of life."' Id. Here, Plaintiffs income is more than twice the $95/month threshold established in Shahin, and Plaintiff is also similarly situated in that he has his food, clothing, shelter, and medical expenses paid for by the prison. See Bruce v. Samuels, 136 S.Ct. 627, 632-33 (2016) (finding that because prisons "are constitutionally bound to provide inmates with adequate food, clothing, shelter, and medical care ... and must furnish paper and pen to draft legal documents and stamps to mail them," the consequences of leaving a prisoner without money for amenities does not override the statutory objective of containing prisoner litigation for the purposes of § 1915). Like the plaintiff in Shahin, Plaintiff may have to save up in order to pay the filing fee, but such requirement "would not deprive [him] of the 'necessities of life.'" 532 Fed.Appx. at 124. Plaintiffs IFP application, accordingly, is denied. The denial is without prejudice, to allow Plaintiff an opportunity to establish his indigence despite the apparent income. See Cordero v. Kelley, No. 17-2812, 2018 WL 2149295, at *1 (3d Cir. May 10, 2018).

         IT IS therefore on this 23rd day of August, 2018, ORDERED that Plaintiffs request to proceed in forma pauperis is hereby DENIED WITHOUT PREJUDICE;

         ORDERED that the Clerk shall ADMINISTRATIVELY TERMINATE this case, without filing the complaint or assessing a filing fee; Plaintiff is informed that administrative termination is not a "dismissal" for purposes of the statute of limitations, provided Petitioner timely prosecutes his case as directed below, see Jenkins v. Superintendent of Laurel Highlands, 705 F.3d 80, 84 n.2 (3d Cir. 2013) (describing prisoner mailbox rule generally); Dasilva v. Sheriffs Dep 't, 413 Fed.Appx. 498, 502 (3d Cir. 2011) ("[The] statute of limitations is met when a complaint is submitted to the clerk before the statute runs");

         ORDERED that Plaintiff shall, within 30 days of this Order, submit arguments, supported by evidence, as to why (1) his income did not demonstrate a past ability to save for the filing fee prior to filing the Complaint, and (2) why he no longer has future ability to save for the filing fee, see Cordero, 2018 WL 2149295, at *1-2; failure to respond as ordered will result in the denial of IFP with prejudice and the dismissal of the case;

         ORDERED that, in the alternative, Plaintiff may notify the Court, in writing addressed to the Clerk of the Court within 30 days of this Order, of his desire to reopen the matter; Plaintiffs correspondence shall include the $400 fee-the $350 filing fee plus the $50 administrative fee;

         ORDERED that upon receipt of a writing from Plaintiff stating that he wishes to reopen this case, and payment of the filing and administrative fees within the time allotted by this Court, the Clerk will be directed to reopen this case;

         ORDERED that if Plaintiff does not respond in either fashion within the time set by the Court, the case will be dismissed without prejudice without ...


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