United States District Court, D. New Jersey
LABORERS' LOCAL UNION NOS. 472 & 172, LABORERS' LOCAL UNION NOS. 472 & 172 WELFARE AND PENSION FUNDS AND SAFETY, EDUCATION AND TRAINING FUNDS, and ZAZZALI, FAGELLA, NOWAK, KLEINBAUM & FRIEDMAN, P.A., Petitioners,
GRIFFIN SIGN CO. INC., Respondent.
JEROME B. SIMANDLE, Chief District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court by way of Petitioners Laborers' Local Union Nos. 472 & 172 and Zazzali, Fagella, Nowak, Kleinbaum & Friedman, P.A.'s (hereinafter, "Petitioners") motion to confirm an arbitration award entered on October 30, 2014 as a result of Griffin Sign Co. Inc.'s (hereinafter, "Respondent" or "Griffin") failure to remit fringe benefit contributions [see Docket Item 2]; and by way of Respondent's cross-motion to vacate the arbitration award on the grounds that it received inadequate notice of the arbitration hearing date. [See Docket Item 4.]
For the reasons that follow, Petitioners' motion will be granted, and Respondent's cross-motion will be denied. The Court finds as follows:
1. In their Verified Petition, Petitioners generally allege that Laborers Local Union No. 172 (hereinafter, "Union") and Griffin are parties to a collective bargaining agreement (hereinafter, the "agreement") that requires, in relevant part, that Griffin remit certain fringe benefit contributions and that it resolve any dispute regarding payment of these contributions in arbitration. (See Pet'rs Reply at 1-2; see also O'Hare Cert. at ¶ 2; Ex. A to Pet'rs Br. at ¶ 17.)
2. As a result of Griffin's failure to remit contributions for July and August 2014, Petitioners sent a letter by certified mail, return-receipt requested and by regular mail on October 16, 2014, advising Griffin that an arbitration hearing would be held on October 30, 2014. (See Ex. A to O'Hare Cert.) Respondent thereafter acknowledged receipt of the certified mailing (by signing the return receipt) (id.), and the United States Postal Service never returned the regular mail as undeliverable. (See O'Hare Cert. at ¶ 3.)
3. Despite these notices, however, Griffin "did not respond to the correspondence, nor did it appear at the arbitration hearing." (O'Hare Cert. at ¶ 4.) As a result, Petitioner presented the matter to the arbitrator who issued an award directing payment of delinquent contributions in the amount of $152, 122.64, plus interest, attorney's fees, and arbitration costs. (See id. at 2-3; see also Ex. B to Pet.) Petitioners then mailed a copy of the arbitration award, together with a demand for payment, to Griffin by certified mail, return-receipt requested and by regular mail on October 30, 2014. (See Id. at 3.) Despite these additional mailings (see Ex. B to O'Hare Cert.; O'Hare Cert. at ¶ 5), however, Griffin did not respond to Petitioners' correspondence, nor did it pay the outstanding sums. (See generally O'Hare Cert.)
4. Petitioners therefore filed the Verified Petition and motion to confirm, followed by Respondent's cross-motion to vacate. [See Docket Items 1 & 2.]
5. In support of its motion, Respondent specifically takes the position that it received "inadequate notice" of the arbitration date, and therefore lacked an opportunity to be heard. (Resp't Opp'n at 2.) As a result, Respondent requests that the Award be vacated and that it be permitted to present the matter anew to an arbitrator. (See id.)
6. Petitioners, however, argue that the arbitration award must be confirmed, because the adequacy of notice fails to constitute a basis to vacate an arbitrator's award under the Federal Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C. § 10(a) (hereinafter, the "FAA"). (See Pet'rs Reply at 3, 5-6.) Petitioners further argue that Respondent received, in any event, notice of the hearing two weeks prior to its scheduled date, and never objected to the date, nor challenged the award after its issuance. (See id.)
7. Review of an arbitration award is extremely limited and conducted under a highly deferential standard. See United Paperworkers Int'l Union v. Misco, Inc., 484 U.S. 29, 36 (1987). Indeed, a court's "role in reviewing the outcome of the arbitration proceedings is not to correct factual or legal errors made by an arbitrator." Major League Umpires Ass'n v. Am. League of Prof'l Baseball Clubs, 357 F.3d 272, 279 (3d Cir. 2002). Rather, an arbitration award may be vacated only in the "exceedingly narrow" circumstances specified under the FAA. Brentwood Med. Assocs. V. UMW, 369 F.3d 237 (3d Cir. 2005); see also Dluhos v. Strasberg, 321 F.3d 365, 370 (3d Cir. 2003).
8. The FAA provides, in particular, four exclusive grounds upon which arbitration awards can be vacated. See 9 U.S.C. § 10(a). These limited grounds include circumstances: (1) "where the award was procured by corruption, fraud, or undue means;" (2) "where there was evident partiality or corruption in the arbitrators, or either of them;" (3) "where the arbitrators were guilty of misconduct in refusing to postpone the hearing, upon sufficient cause shown, or in refusing to hear evidence pertinent and material to the controversy; or of any other misbehavior by which the rights of any party have been prejudiced;" and/or (4) "where the arbitrators exceeded their powers, or so imperfectly executed them that a mutual, final, and definite award upon the subject matter submitted was not made." Id.
9. Here, Respondent does not argue that the arbitration award should be vacated for any of the grounds permitted under the FAA. (See generally Resp't Opp'n.) Rather, it contends that judgment should not be entered on the arbitration award because Petitioners provided inadequate notice of the arbitration hearing. (See id.) The Court, however, finds Respondent's position without merit, and will confirm the arbitration award.
10. Critically, it is "axiomatic that all parties to an arbitration hearing must be given an opportunity to be heard, which implies the right to receive notice of the hearing.'" See N.J. Reg'l Council of Carpenters v. Chanree Constr. Co., No. 13-5613, 2014 WL 980649, at *3 n.2 (D.N.J. Mar. 13, 2014) (citations omitted). Nevertheless, "where [p]etitioners notified [r]espondent of their intention to arbitrate and the date of the arbitration hearing via regular and certified mail addressed to [r]espondent's principal place of business, and where [r]espondent's agent signed for the letter, [r]espondent may not argue that it lacked proper notice [in seeking] to vacate the arbitration award." N.J. Bldg. Laborers Statewide Ben. Funds v. Newark Bd. of Educ., No. 12-7233, 2013 WL 3285283, at *3 (D.N.J. June 27, 2013); see also Bernstein Seawell & Kove v. Bosarge, 813 F.2d 726, 729 (5th Cir. 1987) (citation omitted) (concluding that "due process is not violated if [an arbitration] hearing proceeds in the absence of one of the parties when that party's absence is the result of his decision not to attend").
11. Here, Petitioners notified Griffin of their intention to arbitrate and provided the date of the arbitration hearing (in bold letters) by two methods, certified mail, return-receipt requested and regular mail. (See Ex. A to O'Hare Cert.) Respondent's agent then signed for the certified mailing (see id.), and the United States Postal Service never returned the notice by regular mail as undeliverable (or otherwise). (See O'Hare Cert. at ¶ 3.) Respondent did not, however, respond to the ...