United States District Court, D. New Jersey
DOUGLAS E. ARPERT, Magistrate Judge.
This matter comes before the Court on a Motion by Plaintiffs seeking leave to effectuate substituted service on Defendant Abel Tirado or, in the alternative, for an extension of time to serve Mr. Tirado [Dkt. No. 41]. Plaintiffs' Motion is unopposed. For the reasons set forth below, Plaintiffs' Motion for substituted service is GRANTED and Plaintiffs' Motion for an extension of time to serve Mr. Tirado is DENIED as moot.
Plaintiffs' Complaint was filed on May 7, 2014, and alleges that Defendants submitted, or caused to be submitted, "thousands of fraudulent charges" for chiropractic treatments purportedly provided to individuals insured by Plaintiffs who claimed to have been involved in automobile accidents and were eligible for coverage under no-fault automobile insurance policies. Compl. at ¶ 1. Plaintiffs claim that Mr. Tirado, along with Defendants Orlando Sanchez, Jimmy A. Tovar and Andres D. Sanchez-Munoz, participated in the fraudulent scheme by receiving and distributing kickbacks from Defendants Scott Greenberg and Central Jersey Chiropractic and Rehabilitation Centres, P.A., in exchange for patient referrals. Id. at ¶ 2-3. Defendants, including Mr. Tirado, were arrested and charged for their roles in the alleged fraudulent scheme. Id. at Ex. B-D.
Prior to filing their Complaint, Plaintiffs completed a "Person Locator" search on Lexis.com and Intellius, which provided Plaintiffs with an address for Mr. Tirado in Perth Amboy, New Jersey. Dkt. No. 41 at p. 3. The address obtained by Plaintiffs for Mr. Tirado is also listed on Mr. Tirado's current New Jersey Voter Registration. Id. On June 3, 2014, Plaintiffs provided a copy of the Summons and Complaint to a process server and the Summons was returned unexecuted. Id. Upon the return of the unexecuted Summons, Plaintiffs employed Spartan Detective Agency, Inc. ("Spartan") to conduct an investigation to locate an alternative address for Mr. Tirado. Id. On July 9, 2014, Spartan provided Plaintiffs with an address for Mr. Tirado in Keasbey, New Jersey. Id. at p. 4. On July 10, 2014, a process server attempted to serve Mr. Tirado at the address identified by Spartan in Keasbey, New Jersey, and the Summons was again returned unexecuted. Id.
In addition to the search conducted by Spartan, Plaintiffs conducted a search of public criminal records associated with Mr. Tirado for alternate addresses that may have been identified during any time Mr. Tirado was incarcerated or on probation. Id. Plaintiffs' search indicated that Mr. Tirado was no longer incarcerated or on probation, and provided the identity of Mr. Tirado's attorney in the criminal proceeding against him as Rodger J. Wolf, Esq. Id. Plaintiffs made several attempts to contact Mr. Wolf to which Mr. Wolf did not respond. Id. Thereafter, Plaintiffs attempted to serve Mr. Wolf with a subpoena for the sole purpose of obtaining Mr. Tirado's last known address. Id. at p. 4-5. The process server was unable to serve Mr. Wolf with the subpoena and indicated to Plaintiffs that Mr. Wolf had evaded service. Id. at p. 5.
Plaintiffs also conducted a search of public records which revealed a P.O. Box in Perth Amboy, New Jersey associated with Mr. Tirado and/or his immediate family. Id. On July 24, 2014, Plaintiffs contacted the United States Postal Service and were advised that the P.O. Box associated with Mr. Tirado had been owned "by a woman" since 1979. Id. Subsequent inquires revealed that the P.O. Box was affiliated with "M. Tirado" and that the P.O. Box was identified as Mr. Tirado's address on his New Jersey Driver's License. Id. On July 24, 2014, Plaintiffs served Mr. Tirado via certified and regular mail to the P.O. Box. Id. at p. 6. The certified mail receipt was executed as "received" and the documents served via regular were not returned. Id.
Since serving Mr. Tirado by mail to the P.O. Box in Perth Amboy, Plaintiffs state that they have continued to conduct searches of several databases to obtain any new or updated address information for Mr. Tirado. Id. According to Plaintiffs, their continued search has failed to reveal any new information. Id. Accordingly, Plaintiffs claim they have "exhausted all methods of obtaining personal service upon [Mr. Tirado]" and request that service via certified and regular mail to the P.O. Box be permitted. Id.
Courts cannot exercise jurisdiction over a party that has not been properly served in conformity with Rule 4 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. See Adams v. Allied Signal Gen. Aviation Avionics, 74 F.3d 882, 886 (8th Cir.1996); Eastman Kodak Co. v. Studiengesellschaft Kohle mbH, 392 F.Supp. 1152, 1154 (D.Del.1975) ("Service of process on a [defendant] is the procedural incident of the assertion of a court's jurisdiction over it."). Where there is a question as to the validity of service, the burden of proof of service lies on "the party asserting the validity of service." Grand Entm't Group v. Star Media Sales, 988 F.2d 476, 488 (3d Cir.1993).
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(e), an individual within a judicial district of the United States may be served by:
(1) following state law for serving a summons in an action brought in courts of general jurisdiction in the state where the district court is located or where service is made; or
(2) doing any of the following:
(A) delivering a copy of the summons and the complaint to the ...