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Sellers v. United States

United States District Court, D. New Jersey

January 30, 2014



RENÉE MARIE BUMB, District Judge.

This matter comes before the Court upon the Clerk's receipt of Petitioner's pro se § 2255 motion ("Motion") challenging his federal sentence. See Docket Entry No. 1.

Petitioner's judgment of conviction in the underlying criminal matter was entered on April 7, 2011. See United States v. Sellers , Crim. Action No. 10-0434 (RMB) (D.N.J.), Docket Entry No. 53. Petitioner then challenged that conviction on direct appeal. See United States v. Sellers , USCA Index No. 11-1939 (3d Cir.). His direct appellate challenges were dismissed on the merits. See id., Mandate dated Dec. 28, 2012. Petitioner then sought certiorari from the United States Supreme Court. See id., Docket Entry dated Jan. 30, 2013. The Supreme Court denied him certiorari on February 25, 2013; that development concluded Petitioner's direct appellate process. See United States v. Sellers , 133 S.Ct. 1482 (2013).

Five months after that development, Petitioner filed, in his underlying criminal matter, a motion asserting jurisdiction under Fed. R. Crim. P. 33. See United States v. Sellers , Crim. Action No. 10-0434 (RMB) (D.N.J.), Docket Entry No. 61. Although Petitioner's Rule 33 motion alleged his entitlement to a new trial in light of what he elected to qualify as newly discovered evidence, the record amply indicated that this evidence was not new because it was duly served upon, and extensively used by Petitioner's defense counsel. See id., Docket Entry No. 66 (addressing the same in great detail). This Court, therefore, denied Petitioner's Rule 33 motion. See id. The Court's determination to that effect was docketed on October 24, 2013. See id.

On January 21, 2014, i.e., about eleven months after conclusion of his direct appellate process, Petitioner submitted his § 2255 Motion at bar. See Instant Matter, Docket Entry No. 1. The Motion presented a 58-page document containing, in effect, seven claims styled by Petitioner as sub-claims of a single challenge. See id. at 15-16. Each of these sub-claims, in turn, presented a lengthy narrative (ranging from four to ten pages). See id. Notably, each such narrative challenged various aspects of Petitioner's underlying criminal proceedings (e.g., stating challenges to evidence admitted at trial or to the closing statement, or to this Court's jury charge, etc.), thus presenting, effectively, a challenge that should have been raised on direct appeal. See generally, Instant Matter, Docket Entry No. 1. However, in order to qualify his challenges as § 2255 claims, Petitioner attempted to stitch them to the performance rendered by his counsel by Petitioner's bold conclusions that his counsel was "ineffective" by not addressing or "insufficiently" addressing the issues underlying these de facto direct appellate challenges. See, e.g., id. at 29-35 (one of Petitioner's narratives asserting that his defense counsel's trial argument was "in itself inadequate" because: (a) Petitioner "contends [that] there was no curative instruction"; and (b) Petitioner opines that a curative instruction should have been offered in light of Petitioner's belief that "cumulative effect [of certain statements] not only confused the jurors but [also] highly prejudiced" Petitioner).

Petitioner's Motion fails to comply with the requirements of Habeas Rule 2, applicable to § 2255 actions through Habeas Rule 1(b). "An unduly lengthy submission violates Habeas Rule 2(d)." Nelson v. Holmes, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 62711, at *1, n.1 (D.N.J. Apr. 29, 2013) (noting that a 27-page habeas petition violated the Rule and citing Simms v. Shartle, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 34565, at *1 (D.N.J. Mar. 12, 2013); Samha v. Lagana, 2012 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 98191, at *1 (D.N.J. July 12, 2012)). "Moreover, a pro se habeas petition and any supporting submissions must be construed liberally and with a measure of tolerance, [h]abeas corpus petitions must meet heightened pleading requirements.'" Id . (quoting McFarland v. Scott , 512 U.S. 849, 856 (1994), and citing Royce v. Hahn , 151 F.3d 116, 118 (3d Cir. 1998); Lewis v. Attorney General , 878 F.2d 714, 721-22 (3d Cir. 1989)). Indeed, Habeas Rule 2(c) "requires a petition to specify all the grounds for relief'... and [does] not allow [habeas litigants] to submit voluminous filings asserting multitudes of claims conflated into numerous Hydra-like umbrella challenges." Simms v. Shartle, 2012 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 140316, at *3 (D.N.J. Sept. 27, 2012) (citations and internal quotation marks omitted).

Furthermore, a motion filed under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 cannot "broaden... the scope of collateral attack available to a prisoner prior to the enactment of § 2255 through writs of coram nobis and habeas corpus." See, e.g., United States v. McNicholas , 298 F.2d 914 (4th Cir.), cert. denied, 369 U.S. 878 (1962). Therefore, a § 2255 petitioner can neither litigate nor re-litigate de facto direct appellate challenges by simply dressing them "in different legal garb[s], " e.g., by stitching them to the performance of defense counsel through self-serving, bold assertions. De Welles v. United States , 372 F.2d 67, 69-70 (7th Cir.) (litigation "of trial issues under different labels or expanded allegations that could have been made in the first instance is not contemplated by section 2255"), cert. denied, 388 U.S. 919 (1967); accord McFarland , 512 U.S. at 856 ("Federal courts are authorized to dismiss summarily any habeas petition that appears legally insufficient on its face").

For instance,

To establish a claim of ineffective assistance of counsel, [Petitioner] must demonstrate his attorney's performance was deficient and that he was prejudiced by this deficiency. [See] Strickland v. Washington , 466 U.S. 668, 687 (1984). That is, he must prove counsel's performance "fell below an objective standard of reasonableness, " id. at 688, and that "there is a reasonable probability that, but for counsel's unprofessional errors, the result of the proceeding would have been different, " id. at 694. Counsel cannot be ineffective for failing to raise meritless claims, and counsel's strategic choices are reviewed with a strong presumption of correctness. See Sistrunk v. Vaughn , 96 F.3d 666, 670 (3d Cir. 1996). To succeed on an ineffective assistance of counsel claim, petitioners must show counsel's performance was deficient based on the "facts of the particular case, viewed as of the time of counsel's conduct." Strickland , 466 U.S. at 690.

United States v. Martin, 262 F.Appx. 392, 395-96 (3d Cir. 2008) (emphasis supplied).

Correspondingly, Petitioner's § 2255 allegations cannot be de facto direct appellate challenges adorned by his self-serving bold conclusions or his mere recitals of the Strickland prongs, or by numerous repeats of the case law terminology used in the Strickland progeny. Rather, these allegations must be reduced to bona fide statements that are: (a) clear and concise; and (b) "demonstrate/show" Petitioner's entitlement for § 2255 relief. Accord 28 U.S.C. § 2254 Rule 2(c), (applicable to Section 2255 proceedings through Rule 1(b)).

Therefore, the Court will dismiss Petitioner's Motion; such dismissal will be with leave to file an amended motion complying with the guidance provided to Petitioner herein.

IT IS, therefore, on this 30th day of January 2014,

ORDERED that Petitioner's Motion, Docket Entry No. 1, is dismissed for failure to comply with the requirements of ...

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