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State v. Hall

Superior Court of New Jersey, Appellate Division

May 14, 2013

STATE OF NEW JERSEY, Plaintiff-Respondent,
CHRISTOPHER HALL, Defendant-Appellant.


Submitted April 29, 2013

On appeal from the Superior Court of New Jersey, Law Division, Passaic County, Indictment No. 03-07-0677.

Joseph E. Krakora, Public Defender, attorney for appellant (Steven M. Gilson, Designated Counsel, on the brief).

Camelia M. Valdes, Passaic County Prosecutor, attorney for respondent (Christopher W. Hsieh, Chief Assistant Prosecutor, of counsel and on the brief).

Before Judges Sabatino and Fasciale.


Defendant appeals from an order denying his petition for post-conviction relief (PCR) and an order denying reconsideration. He argues that his trial counsel misadvised him about a "global" plea offer. We affirm.

As of 2004, defendant faced charges in five pending indictments. On January 26, 2004, the trial judge conducted a pre-trial conference on the record, in defendant's presence, regarding one of the indictments (02-04-414).[1] At this proceeding, the assistant prosecutor verified that the State's global offer to resolve all five indictments was a sentence recommendation of twenty years in prison, subject the No Early Release Act (NERA), N.J.S.A. 2C:43-7.2. Two lawyers appeared for defendant at the hearing. The first attorney appeared on 02-414-04. The second attorney was present because he represented defendant on the other indictments.[2] The judge allowed both attorneys to meet with defendant to discuss the proposed resolution of all charges. Defendant rejected the plea offer, proceeded to trial on 02-414-04, and was found guilty of several of the charges.

In indictment 03-07-677, the State charged defendant with first-degree robbery, N.J.S.A. 2C:15-1 and N.J.S.A. 2C:2-6; second-degree possession of a weapon for an unlawful purpose, N.J.S.A. 2C:39-4a; and third-degree unlawful possession of a weapon, N.J.S.A. 2C:39-5b. In October 2004, defendant proceeded to trial and a jury found defendant guilty of these charges.

In 03-07-677, the judge imposed an aggregate extended sentence of sixty years in prison with forty-nine and a quarter years without parole, concurrent to his sentence on the other indictments. We affirmed the convictions, but remanded for re-sentencing in accordance with State v. Thomas, 188 N.J. 137 (2006), and State v. Natale, 184 N.J. 458 (2005).[3] State v. Hall, No. A-2652-05 (App. Div. Apr. 24, 2008). The Supreme Court denied certification.[4] State v. Hall, 207 N.J. 35 (2011).

Defendant filed a pro se petition for PCR and his designated counsel thereafter filed an amended petition and brief. Defendant argued that his trial counsel failed to accurately advise him about the global offer. Defendant asserted that had he known about the plea offer, he would have accepted it.

In November 2010, Judge Joseph A. Falcone conducted an evidentiary hearing. The judge listened to testimony from defendant and his two lawyers. Both lawyers testified that an assistant prosecutor made the global offer, they discussed the offer with defendant, and defendant rejected it. Defendant testified that his attorneys indicated the global offer was a sentencing recommendation of twenty-five years in prison, not twenty years. Judge Falcone then stated that

The critical issue is . . . whether or not [defendant] made an informed decision to proceed to trial. In that regard[, ] I've heard this morning the testimony of three witnesses: [the first attorney] on one of his five indictments; [the second attorney] on the other four indictments, two of which went to trial – on one of them he was acquitted; on one [03-677-07] he was convicted . . . and he pled guilty as to another. [The second attorney] cannot remember the outcome of the remaining indictment. . . .
There's disparity in the recollections of the two lawyers on the one hand versus [defendant] on the other. The [January 26, 2004] transcript doesn't appear to bear out [defendant's] statement that the plea offer was [twenty-five years]. It's clear [that] . . . the offer [was twenty years].
[Defendant] understood [that] when he went into the jury room on January 26, 2004, it was to discuss all five cases, that the offer made was to cover all five cases.
[Defendant] says . . . [that] the offer was [twenty-five]. That's not born[e] out by the official record. That's not born[e] out by the testimony [from both attorneys]. So [defendant] is mistaken in that regard.
[The assistant prosecutor elicited from defendant] that [defendant] never wanted to plead guilty [in indictment 03-07-677] . . . [because] he wanted his day in court.
On the issue of credibility, it's a no-brainer. Neither lawyer came in and was remembering word-for-word what went on; but both did what they're required to do as an officer of the court, and that's let the client know what the offer is, the strengths and weaknesses of the case.
I accept as truthful the testimony provided by both [lawyers]. The transcript . . . supports what they said; the plea offer was [twenty to do eighty-five percent] to cover everything. . . . I'm satisfied that both counsel conveyed to [defendant] their views as to the worth of that plea offer vis-à-vis the proofs in the various cases, including [the] two separate robbery trials.

The judge then denied the PCR petition and defendant's subsequent motion for reconsideration. This appeal followed.

On appeal, defendant raises the following point:


We find no merit to this contention, Rule 2:11-3(e)(2), and therefore affirm substantially for the reasons that Judge Falcone stated in his thorough oral decision of November 5, 2010. Suffice it to say, in order for defendant to obtain relief based on ineffective assistance grounds, he is obliged to show not only the particular manner in which counsel's performance was deficient, but also that the deficiency prejudiced his right to a fair trial. Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 687, l04 S.Ct. 2052, 2064, 80 L.Ed.2d 674, 693 (1984); State v. Fritz, 105 N.J. 42, 58 (1987). The United States Supreme Court has extended these principles to the representation provided by a criminal defense attorney to an accused in connection with a plea negotiation. Lafler v. Cooper, 566 U.S.__, __, 132 S.Ct. 1376, 1384, 182 L.Ed.2d 398, 406 (2012); Missouri v. Frye, 566 U.S.__, __, 132 S.Ct. 1399, 1408, 182 L.Ed.2d 379, 380 (2012). We are persuaded that the alleged deficiencies here clearly fail to meet either the performance or prejudice prong of the Strickland test and other applicable controlling case law.


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