May 8, 2013
CALVIN GAINES, Plaintiff,
ROB FUSARI AND ROB FUSARI PRODUCTIONS LLC, Defendants-Third Party Plaintiffs, STEFANI GERMANOTTA aka LADY GAGA, Third Party Defendant.
WILLIAM J. MARTINI, District Judge.
This copyright case comes before the Court on three motions. Third Party Defendant Stefani Germanotta (aka Lady Gaga) moves to dismiss the third party complaint under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). In the alternative, Germanotta moves for summary judgment under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56. Defendants-Third Party Plaintiffs Rob Fusari and Rob Fusari Productions (together "Fusari") move to amend the third party complaint under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15. The Court will GRANT the motion to dismiss, DENY the motion for summary judgment, and DENY the motion to amend.
Along with Germanotta, Rob Fusari co-owns the copyright to the following songs: "Paparazzi"; "Beautiful, Dirty, Rich"; "Disco Heaven"; and "Retro Dance" (together the "Songs"). Compl. §§ 16-19, ECF No. 1; Third Party Compl. § 14; ECF No. 49. On July 29, 2011, Gaines brought a Complaint against Fusari. The Complaint seeks declarations under the Copyright Act of 1976 (the "Copyright Act"), 17 U.S.C. § 101, et seq., that Gaines is a co-author and co-producer of the Songs. The Complaint also seeks an accounting from Fusari.
After Gaines brought his Complaint against Fusari, Fusari brought a two-count third party complaint against Germanotta. Count I asserts a claim for indemnification. Count II asserts a claim for contribution. Germanotta moves under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) to dismiss both counts, arguing that federal law does not provide Fusari with a cause of action for indemnification or contribution. Germanotta is correct.
"A defendant held liable under a federal statute has a right to contribution or indemnification from another who has also violated the statute only if such right arises (1) through the affirmative creation of a right of action by Congress, either expressly or implicitly, or (2) via the power of the courts to formulate federal common law." Mortgages, Inc. v. United States Dist. Court, 934 F.2d 209, 212 (9th Cir. 1991) (citing Texas Industries, Inc. v. Radcliff Materials, Inc., 451 U.S. 630, 638-40 (1981)). Gaines's claims against Fusari arise out of the Copyright Act. Accordingly, Fusari's indemnification and contribution claims against Germanotta must be grounded in federal law. But neither federal statutory law nor federal common law provide causes of action for indemnification or contribution in Copyright Act cases. See, e.g., Pure Country Weavers, Inc. v. Bristar, Inc., 410 F.Supp.2d 439, 448 (W.D. N.C. 2006) (no cause of action for indemnification in Copyright case); Arista Records, Inc. v. Flea World, Inc., 356 F.Supp.2d 411, 416 (D.N.J. 2005) (no cause of action for contribution in Copyright case). Accordingly, the Court will DISMISS Counts I and II WITH PREJUDICE. The Court will DENY Germanotta's motion for summary judgment on mootness grounds.
Fusari moves to amend his third party complaint under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15(a)(2). Though Fusari's amended complaint contains new factual allegations, it continues to assert the same claims for indemnification and contribution. As the amended complaint would be subject to dismissal for the reasons addressed in this Opinion, the Court will DENY Fusari's motion on futility grounds. See Great Western Mining & Mineral Co. v. Fox Rothschild LLP, 615 F.3d 159, 175 (3d Cir. 2010) ("[F]utility of amendment is a sufficient basis to deny leave to amend."). An appropriate order follows.