The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hillman, District Judge
This case is related to two other actions previously pending before this Court, all arising out of plaintiff John Fink's loan to Advanced Logic Systems, Inc. ("ALSI"). In 2001, Fink had been a financial consultant for ALSI, but he eventually entered into a series of credit agreements with ALSI to provide working capital to the company's operations. Fink provided over $500,000 to ALSI, and in return, he received rights to purchase a certain amount of stock in ALSI. The financial condition of ALSI deteriorated, litigation between Fink and ALSI ensued in March 2003, and eventually the parties settled in March 2006. After paying only half of the million dollar settlement to Fink, ALSI filed for bankruptcy in 2008. In order to recoup the $60 million Fink believes he is owed, Fink attempted to collect the debt from EdgeLink, Inc., an entity Fink claimed was a successor-in-interest to ALSI.*fn1 Fink also sought to reopen ALSI's bankruptcy in order to allow the trustee to investigate what Fink contended was a theft of ALSI's missing assets.*fn2
In this lawsuit, Fink has brought claims against the lawyer, J. Phillip Kirchner, and his law firm, Flaster/Greenberg, P.C., that represented Fink in his attempts to complete his settlement agreement with ALSI, and in Fink's efforts to enforce his rights under a warrant agreement to purchase shares of ALSI stock.*fn3 In defendants' efforts to assist Fink with his legal matters, Fink claims that Kirchner altered an email submitted to the arbitrator presiding over an arbitration between Fink and ALSI. Fink claims that the arbitrator's decision was affected, to Fink's detriment, by the issues concerning the altered email. The altered email incident also lead to a still-pending New Jersey Disciplinary Review Board ethics complaint against Kirchner, in which Fink participated.
Fink also claims that the arbitrator's decision revealed to him that defendants were not working in Fink's best interests, but instead defendants were acting in the interests of the firm to maximize billing. Relatedly, Fink claims that in defendants' attempts to collect payment for their legal fees - totaling over $650,000 - Kirchner tried to extort money from Fink. Fink claims that when Kirchner was subpoenaed to testify in a case involving Fink and another law firm, Kirchner stated that he would only testify on Fink's behalf if Fink paid his outstanding bill to the firm.*fn4
Based on these allegations, Fink claims that defendants have committed legal malpractice and fraud, breached their fiduciary duty, and inflicted intentional emotional distress on him.*fn5
Defendants moved to dismiss all of Fink's claims, but during briefing, defendants withdrew their motion to dismiss Fink's legal malpractice claim.*fn6 Fink has opposed defendants' motion.
This Court has jurisdiction over this matter pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332 because there is complete diversity of citizenship between the parties and the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000.
B. Standard for Motion to Dismiss
When considering a motion to dismiss a complaint for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6), a court must accept all well-pleaded allegations in the complaint as true and view them in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. Evancho v. Fisher, 423 F.3d 347, 351 (3d Cir. 2005). It is well settled that a pleading is sufficient if it contains "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). Under the liberal federal pleading rules, it is not necessary to plead evidence, and it is not necessary to plead all the facts that serve as a basis for the claim. Bogosian v. Gulf Oil Corp., 562 F.2d 434, 446 (3d Cir. 1977). However, "[a]lthough the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not require a claimant to set forth an intricately detailed description of the asserted basis for relief, they do require that the pleadings give defendant fair notice of what the plaintiff's claim is and the grounds upon which it rests." Baldwin Cnty. Welcome Ctr. v. Brown, 466 U.S. 147, 149-50 n.3 (1984) (quotation and citation omitted).
A district court, in weighing a motion to dismiss, asks "'not whether a plaintiff will ultimately prevail but whether the claimant is entitled to offer evidence to support the claim.'" Bell Atlantic v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 563 n.8 (2007) (quoting Scheuer v. Rhoades, 416 U.S. 232, 236 (1974)); see also Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 684 (2009) ("Our decision in Twombly expounded the pleading standard for 'all civil actions' . . . ."); Fowler v. UPMC Shadyside, 578 F.3d 203, 210 (3d Cir. 2009) ("Iqbal . . . provides the final nail-in-the-coffin for the 'no set of facts' standard that applied to federal complaints before Twombly.").
Following the Twombly/Iqbal standard, the Third Circuit has instructed a two-part analysis in reviewing a complaint under Rule 12(b)(6). First, the factual and legal elements of a claim should be separated; a district court must accept all of the complaint's well-pleaded facts as true, but may disregard any legal conclusions. Fowler, 578 F.3d at 210 (citing Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. at 1950). Second, a district court must then determine whether the facts alleged in the complaint are sufficient to show that the plaintiff has a "'plausible claim for relief.'" Id. (quoting Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. at 1950). A complaint must do more than allege the plaintiff's entitlement to relief. Id.; see also Phillips v. Cnty. of Allegheny, 515 F.3d 224, 234 (3d Cir. 2008) (stating that the "Supreme Court's Twombly formulation of the pleading standard can be summed up thus: 'stating . . . a claim requires a complaint with enough factual matter (taken as true) to suggest' the required element. This 'does not impose a probability requirement at the pleading stage,' but instead 'simply calls for enough facts to raise a reasonable expectation that discovery will reveal evidence of' the necessary element"). A court need not credit either "bald assertions" or "legal conclusions" in a complaint ...