On appeal from Superior Court of New Jersey, Law Division, Hudson County, Docket No. L-843-09.
NOT FOR PUBLICATION WITHOUT THE APPROVAL OF THE APPELLATE DIVISION
Before Judges Grall and Skillman.
In 1996, plaintiff entered into a five-year lease from defendant of premises in Union City used for a nightclub at a fixed rent of $3500 plus a percentage of any increase in the real estate taxes assessed against the land and improvements of which the demised premises are a part.*fn1 When the lease was entered into, Francisco Romero owned plaintiff. In 1998, Romero sold plaintiff to Eduardo Gonzalez. As part of this transaction, the lease was assigned to Gonzalez. The lease was apparently renewed under the same terms subsequent to the assignment.
At some point, plaintiff ceased operations on the premises and was evicted in a summary dispossession action. Thereafter, plaintiff brought this action for money damages, claiming that defendant had overcharged for rent for the entire ten-year period of its occupancy of the premises; specifically, plaintiff asserted that defendant had improperly charged it for 25% of the increase in real estate taxes since the base year of 1981 on the entire property of which the demised premises were a part rather than 25% of solely the portion of increased taxes allocable to the demised premises.*fn2
The resolution of this dispute turns on the interpretation of two sections of the lease. The first, section 1.03(b), states in pertinent part:
If in any calendar year during the term and of any renewal or extension of the term thereof, the annual municipal taxes assessed against the land and improvements leased hereunder or of which the premises herein leased are a part, shall be greater than the municipal taxes assessed against the said lands and improvements for the calendar year 1981, which is hereby designated as the base year, then, in addition to the rent herein fixed, the Tenant agrees to pay a sum equal to TWENTY FIVE (25%) PERCENT, of the amount by which said tax exceed[s] the annual tax for the base year, inclusive of any increase during any such calendar year.
The second, section 26.01, states in pertinent part:
The Tenant agrees to pay as additional rent 25% of any increase in taxes over the base year of 1981 covering the entire premises of which the demised premises are a part as well as any increase or additional assessment made and charged on the entire premises by the City of Union [C]ity, [N]ew [J]ersey.
The case was brought before the trial court by defendant's motion for summary judgment. Neither party presented any extrinsic evidence relevant ...