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Derek Dearnley and Vicky Dearnley, His Wife v. Mountain Creek

March 12, 2012

DEREK DEARNLEY AND VICKY DEARNLEY, HIS WIFE, PLAINTIFFS-APPELLANTS,
v.
MOUNTAIN CREEK, ITS AGENTS, SERVANTS AND EMPLOYEES, DEFENDANT-RESPONDENT.



On appeal from the Superior Court of New Jersey, Law Division, Sussex County, Docket No. L-540-09.

Per curiam.

NOT FOR PUBLICATION WITHOUT THE APPROVAL OF THE APPELLATE DIVISION

Argued February 29, 2012

Before Judges Harris and Koblitz.

Plaintiffs Derek Dearnley and Vicky Dearnley appeal from the June 16, 2011, summary judgment dismissal of their six-count complaint. Plaintiffs sought tort remedies for injuries suffered by Mr. Dearnley while snowboarding at defendant Mountain Creek Resort, Inc.'s ski area in Vernon. We affirm.

I.*fn1

Between 1998 and 2010, Mrs. Dearnley was employed by defendant in its retail department. As part of her compensation benefits, she and her family members were entitled to apply for, and obtain, a free season pass to use defendant's facilities at its Vernon ski resort. On November 25, 2008, because her husband desired to take advantage of this benefit for the 2008-2009 winter season, Mrs. Dearnley applied for, and obtained, the pass. She signed, on his behalf, a document entitled, "Season Pass Contract, Student Ski & Ride Voucher Program, Rules and Conditions of Sale, Release of Liability and Indemnity Agreement" (the 2008 agreement). The 2008 agreement contained exculpatory provisions purporting to release tort claims before they occurred. For example, the pass holder "fully release[d] Mountain Creek FROM ANY AND ALL LIABILITY for personal injury, death or property damage arising out of or resulting from [the pass holder's] participation in this sport, MOUNTAIN CREEK'S NEGLIGENCE, conditions on or about the premises and facilities or the operations of the ski area" (capitalization in the original). The outcome of this appeal, however, does not turn on this language.

On January 4, 2009, Mr. Dearnley was snowboarding at the Mountain Creek ski area when he suffered an accident that he attributes to defendant's negligence and breach of its duties under N.J.S.A. 5:13-1 to -11 (the Ski Act). As a result of the accident, Mr. Dearnley incurred serious injuries, which required immediate emergency surgery to stabilize his back by the implantation of metal rods and screws. According to his answers to interrogatories, Mr. Dearnley ultimately spent approximately six weeks in the hospital, had to endure three surgeries, and underwent weeks of physical therapy and rehabilitation.

On October 13, 2009, plaintiffs filed their personal injury and per quod complaint against defendant in the Law Division, Sussex Vicinage. Defendant's answer listed ten affirmative defenses, but did not assert that the 2008 agreement's exculpatory provisions barred the action.

Two months later, on December 21, 2009, while his wife was still employed by defendant, Mr. Dearnley applied for a season pass for the 2009-2010 winter season. He was presented with, and signed, a two-page document entitled, "Mountain Creek Resort, Inc. 2009-'10 Season Pass Wavier" (the 2009 agreement). In bold, capitalized print at the top of the first page, the 2009 agreement stated, "RELEASE, WARNINGS AND DISCLAIMERS ON SKIING."

At the top of the second page, to which Mr. Dearnley affixed his signature, the following appeared in bold typeface:

I FURTHER RELEASE AND GIVE UP ANY AND ALL CLAIMS AND RIGHTS THAT I MAY NOW HAVE AGAINST MOUNTAIN CREEK RESORT, INC. THIS RELEASES ALL CLAIMS, INCLUDING THOSE OF WHICH I AM NOT AWARE AND THOSE NOT MENTIONED IN THIS RELEASE. THIS RELEASE APPLIES TO CLAIMS RESULTING FROM ANYTHING WHICH HAS HAPPENED UP TO NOW.

The 2009 agreement also stated in bold typeface: "I AM AWARE THAT THIS CONTRACT IS LEGALLY BINDING AND THAT I AM RELEASING LEGAL RIGHTS BY SIGNING IT."

During discovery, the 2008 and 2009 agreements were exchanged between the parties' attorneys. Upon the realization of what Mr. Dearnley had signed, plaintiffs filed a motion "for an Order barring the affirmative defenses related to two adhesion contracts." Defendant filed a cross-motion seeking (1) summary ...


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