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State of New Jersey v. Jesus Serrano

January 31, 2012

STATE OF NEW JERSEY, PLAINTIFF-RESPONDENT,
v.
JESUS SERRANO, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.



On appeal from the Superior Court of New Jersey, Law Division, Essex County, Indictment Nos. 04-09-03054 and 04-11-03505.

Per curiam.

NOT FOR PUBLICATION WITHOUT THE APPROVAL OF THE APPELLATE DIVISION

Argued: November 10, 2011

Before Judges Cuff and St. John.

Defendant Jesus Serrano pled guilty to two counts of third degree endangering the welfare of a child and received concurrent three-year probationary terms -- now complete. In addition, he is subject to Megan's Law,*fn1 including Community Supervision for Life (CSL). Defendant appeals the December 22, 2010 order denying his petition for post-conviction relief (PCR), in which he moved to withdraw his guilty plea.

Following imposition of sentence in August 2005, defendant did not file a notice of appeal. Rather, on July 14, 2010, defendant filed a petition for PCR in which he asserted he was innocent of the charges and entered an uninformed guilty plea. In his petition, defendant relates, and the record reflects, that one of the victims had recanted before defendant entered his guilty plea. Defendant also alleged that the other victim accused him out of spite in retaliation for his strict supervision. He alleged in his petition that his attorney advised the recantation would only assist negotiations of a satisfactory plea agreement.

Defendant also asserted he could not afford to pay his retained attorney to try the case. Defendant also stated that he was and remains fluent in Spanish, he was not fluent in English, and all plea agreement forms were in English. He alleged that he did not understand the ramifications of his plea, particularly the Megan's Law consequences. Therefore, he asserted that his plea was uninformed and not voluntary. In addition, both victims in April 2010 issued written recantations of their accusations. Defendant sought to withdraw his guilty plea. He also alleged his retained counsel provided ineffective assistance.

In his December 22, 2010 written opinion, Judge Cassini held that defendant's request to withdraw his guilty plea was not a cognizable claim for PCR. The judge also held that defendant failed to establish a prima facie case of ineffective assistance of counsel. Judge Cassini observed that "projecting expenses associated with trial work can hardly amount to behavior which falls outside the range of acceptable legal practice."

Judge Cassini also rejected the claim that defendant was not aware of the consequences of Megan's Law, particularly CSL. The judge noted the transcript of the plea proceeding, and the plea agreement forms belie this contention.

As to defendant's claim that a language barrier prevented him from understanding the nature and consequences of his guilty plea, Judge Cassini stated:

[I]t equally does not seem credible. Before the taking of his plea, Mr. Serrano appeared before this [c]court for arraignment and numerous status conferences. At no time during these appearances did he indicate that he did not understand what was happening, nor did he indicate he did not understand English, nor did he request an interpreter.

On appeal, defendant raises the following arguments:

POINT I

THE PETITION FOR POST CONVICTION RELIEF SHOULD HAVE BEEN GRANTED AND DEFENDANT-APPELLANT SHOULD BE PERMITTED TO WITHDRAW HIS GUILTY PLEA. MR. SERRANO'S REQUEST TO WITHDRAW HIS GUILTY PLEA IS A COGNIZABLE ...


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