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Sharis Manning, et al., Individually and On Behalf of All v. Gold Belt Falcon


November 17, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Irenas , Senior District Judge:


This matter comes before the Court on Plaintiff Manning's Motion for Equitable Tolling. (Dkt. No. 103) For the following reasons the Motion will be denied.


On July 10, 2008, Plaintiff Manning filed the Complaint in this case. (Dkt. No. 1) On September 30, 2008, Ivan Alvarez filed a complaint alleging substantially the same claims against the same defendants in this courthouse before Judge Hillman. ( See Alvarez v. Gold Belt , Civ. No. 08-4871, Dkt. No. 1) In both cases, Plaintiffs allege that Defendants employed Plaintiffs as Citizens on the Battlefield ("COB") role players to assist in military training exercises. Plaintiffs filed collective actions alleging that Defendants failed to pay overtime wages in accordance with the Fair Labors Standards Act of 1938, 29 U.S.C. § 207(a). *fn1

Although Manning was the first to file the Complaint, Alvarez first filed a motion to certify the class on October 29, 2008. *fn2 ( Id. at Dkt. No. 10) On November 11, 2008, the Alvarez Defendants cross-moved to dismiss in favor of Manning , the first filed action. ( Id. at Dkt. No. 13) By December 8, 2008, the Motion was fully briefed. *fn3 ( Id. at Dkt. No. 23) On May 26, 2009, Judge Hillman issued an opinion denying Alvarez's Motion to Certify and stayed the proceedings pending the outcome of class certification in the first-filed Manning case. ( Id. at Dkt. No. 40) At this point, no motion for class certification had yet been filed in Manning .

Rather than proceed with class certification in the Manning case pursuant to Judge Hillman's Order, however, Plaintiff Alvarez moved for reconsideration on June 8, 2009. ( Id. at Dkt. No. 45) On the same date, Plaintiffs' counsel for each of the two cases made appearances in the other's case. ( See Alvarez , Dkt. No. 43; Manning , Dkt. No. 19)

On June 23, 2009, Plaintiffs moved to consolidate both cases. ( See Alvarez , Dkt. No. 50; Manning , Dkt. No. 22) On January 14, 2010, this Court denied Plaintiffs' Motion for Consolidation. *fn4 ( See Manning , Dkt. No. 38) Finally, on February 22, 2010, Plaintiff Manning moved to certify the class. ( Id. at Dkt. No. 43) On March 4, 2010, Judge Hillman denied both Plaintiff's Motion for Reconsideration and Plaintiff's Motion for Consolidation. ( See Alvarez , Dkt. No. 66)

In Manning , the issue of class certification proved complicated and required two rounds of oral argument and multiple rounds of briefing. ( See Manning , Dkt. Nos. 45, 47, 48, 51, 53, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60 & 63) On September 29, 2010, this Court conditionally certified a class of plaintiffs comprised of Defendants' COB employees between February 22, 2007 and the date of the Order. ( Id. at Dkt. Nos. 61 & 62) At Plaintiff's request, this Court chose the date three years prior to the filing of Plaintiff's motion, as opposed to the filing of the opinion. ( Id. ) The Court further provided a 120 day opt-in period. ( Id.

On November 22, 2010, the Court approved the form of notice and the opt-in period began to run. ( Id. at Dkt. No. 68) By the March 22, 2011 deadline, approximately 200 plaintiffs had opted to join the class. ( Id. at Dkt. Nos. 69-93)


On May 23, 2011, Plaintiff Manning filed the present Motion for Equitable Tolling. ( Id. at Dkt. No. 103) Due to the length of time before class certification, Plaintiff asserts that members of the class have lost between one-third and more than one-half of their claims. Plaintiffs thus "seek an Order tolling the statute of limitations as of October 29, 2008, the date on which the Plaintiff in Alvarez first moved for conditional certification." ( Id. , Pl.'s Br. 2, Dkt. No. 103) The footnote to the quoted text reads, "[s]hould the Court grant Plaintiffs' instant Motion, the effect would be to expand the class notice period to include claims of COB employees who were wrongly denied their pay between October 29, 2005 and February 21, 2007, a period not currently covered by this case." ( Id. at 2 n.2)

"Equitable tolling may be appropriate if (1) the defendant has actively misled the plaintiff, (2) if the plaintiff has in some extraordinary way been prevented from asserting his rights, or (3) if the plaintiff has timely asserted his rights mistakenly in the wrong forum." U.S. v. Midgley , 142 F.3d 174, 179 (3d Cir. 1998) (quoting Kocian v. Getty Refining & Marketing Co. , 707 F.2d 748, 753 (3d Cir. 1983) (superceded by statute on other grounds) (citations omitted).

Plaintiff makes three arguments: 1) Defendants affirmatively misled Plaintiff, *fn5 2) Judicial delay from decisions rendered in Alvarez caused time to elapse, and 3) Plaintiffs timely asserted their rights but in the wrong forum.

For the following reasons, Plaintiff is not entitled to equitable relief. First, to the extent Plaintiffs seek to expand the class defined by this Court's September 29, 2010 Order, the instant motion will be treated as an untimely motion for reconsideration. "A motion for reconsideration shall be served and filed within 14 days after the entry of the order or judgment on the original motion by the Judge." L.Civ.R. 7.1(i). Nearly eight months passed between the instant Motion and this Court's September 29, 2010 Order. The Court will not reconsider the scope of the class and reopen the opt-in period.

Second, Manning asks this Court for equitable relief despite taking a "wait and see" approach to the disposition in Alvarez . "Federal Courts invoke the doctrine of equitable tolling 'only sparingly,' and will not toll a statute because of 'what is at best a garden variety claim of excusable neglect.'" Midgley , 142 F.3d at 179 (quoting Irwin v. Dep't of Veterans Affairs , 498 U.S. 89, 96 (1990).

After initiating the case, Manning waited more than nineteen months to move to certify the class. Manning delayed more than eight months in filing a motion for certification in this Court following Judge Hillman's Order of May 26, 2009 that deferred to this first-filed action. These eight months account for more than half of the approximately fourteenth months of equitable tolling Plaintiffs request in this Motion. Plaintiffs have mainly themselves to blame for the long delays in class certification in Manning . "One who fails to act diligently cannot invoke equitable principles to excuse that lack of diligence." Baldwin Cnty. Welcome Center v. Brown , 466 U.S. 147, 151 (1984). Plaintiffs have shown a strong predisposition to litigate the Alvarez case at the expense of Manning . The Court will not utilize equitable principles to undo the results of Plaintiff's tactical decisions.


For the foregoing reasons Manning's Motion for Equitable Tolling will be denied.


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