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State of New Jersey v. Lamont D. Frederick

June 28, 2011

STATE OF NEW JERSEY, PLAINTIFF-RESPONDENT,
v.
LAMONT D. FREDERICK, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.



On appeal from Superior Court of New Jersey, Law Division, Hudson County, Indictment Nos. 08-04-0769 and 06-10-1774.

Per curiam.

NOT FOR PUBLICATION WITHOUT THE APPROVAL OF THE APPELLATE DIVISION

Submitted: March 21, 2011 - Decided:

Before Judges Grall, C.L. Miniman and LeWinn.

Defendant Lamont D. Frederick appeals from a final judgment of conviction for third-degree possession of cocaine, contrary to N.J.S.A. 2C:35-10a(1); third-degree possession of cocaine with intent to distribute, contrary to N.J.S.A. 2C:35-5a(1), -5b(3); third-degree possession with intent to distribute cocaine within 1000 feet of a school zone, contrary to N.J.S.A. 2C:35-7; third-degree distribution of cocaine, contrary to N.J.S.A. 2C:35-5a(1), -5b(3); and third-degree distribution of cocaine within a school zone, contrary to N.J.S.A. 2C:35-7. After denying defendant's motion for a new trial, the judge sentenced him to an extended term of ten years imprisonment for possession of cocaine with intent to distribute within 1000 feet of a school, five years of which were to be served without eligibility for parole. An identical sentence was imposed on the conviction for distribution of cocaine within 1000 feet of a school, both sentences to be served concurrently. The remaining charges were merged for sentencing purposes with the school-zone offenses. We affirm.

On January 29, 2008, six officers from the Jersey City Police Department's Narcotics Unit were conducting surveillance in the area of Carteret and Ocean Avenues, known by them to be an open-area drug market. At 7:40 p.m., Officer Michael Burgess arrived in an unmarked vehicle and parked a few feet east of a particular address. Four of the other officers were in perimeter units to stop, investigate, arrest, and recover any drugs.

Five minutes later, Burgess saw a black female, later identified as co-defendant Kim Taylor, approach a black male who was standing across the street from Burgess; they engaged in a brief conversation. The black male then reached into a brown paper bag, extracted a clear plastic bag, removed an object from the clear plastic bag, and handed it to Taylor in exchange for paper currency. Taylor then walked north on Ocean Avenue and was stopped by a perimeter unit and arrested. One green-capped vial of suspected cocaine was found in her possession.

As Taylor's arrest was being effected, Burgess observed the black male cross the street while counting money and enter a building near which Burgess was parked. That building had twenty to twenty-five rooms and was a "dilapidated run-down boarding house" where Burgess had previously made drug-related arrests and drug investigations. Burgess waited until defendant left the building around 8:40 p.m. Burgess notified the perimeter units, and the four officers responded to the scene. As one of them approached defendant, Burgess saw defendant toss a brown bag to the ground. The approaching officer immediately retrieved the bag, looked inside, and found a clear plastic Ziploc bag containing numerous clear, glass vials with green tops; the vials contained suspected cocaine. Those vials matched the vial of cocaine seized from Taylor. Defendant was then arrested. He did not dispute at trial that the drugs were in fact cocaine and that he was arrested within a school zone. After the jury asked to be recharged on intent, it returned a verdict of guilty on all counts. This appeal followed.

Defendant raises the following issues on appeal:

POINT I - POLICE TESTIMONY THAT THE "DILAPIDATED RUN-DOWN BOARDING [HOUSE]" WHERE DEFENDANT ENTERED WAS [THE] SUBJECT OF PRIOR "DRUG[-]RELATED ARRESTS, DRUG INVESTIGATIONS" AND POLICE REFERENCES TO THE "HIGH NARCOTICS AREA," WERE IRRELEVANT AND UNDULY PREJUDICIAL "GUILT BY ASSOCIATION" EVIDENCE REQUIRING THE REVERSAL OF DEFENDANT'S CONVICTIONS AND A NEW TRIAL. (Not Raised Below)

POINT II - SINCE THE TRIAL COURT RESPONDED TO THE JURY FOREPERSON'S QUESTION WITHOUT THE INPUT OF DEFENSE COUNSEL, DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR A NEW TRIAL SHOULD HAVE BEEN GRANTED.

POINT III - THE AGGREGATE MAXIMUM EXTENDED TERM OF [TEN] YEARS OF IMPRISONMENT WITH FIVE-YEAR PAROLE BARS FOR THE TWO THIRD[-]

DEGREE SCHOOL[-]ZONE CHARGES WAS EXCESSIVE.

Where a litigant fails to object to testimony presented during the course of the trial, the scope of our review is limited to searching for plain error. State v. Williams, 168 N.J. 323, 335 (2001) (citing R. 1:7-2). Under that standard, a defendant must demonstrate that the erroneous admission of evidence "possessed a clear capacity for producing an unjust result." State v. Melvin, 65 N.J. 1, 18 (1974); accord R. 2:10-2. "The possibility of an unjust result must be 'sufficient to raise a reasonable doubt as to whether the error led the jury to a result it otherwise might not have reached.'" Williams, supra, 168 N.J. at 336 (quoting State v. ...


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