The opinion of the court was delivered by: Jose L. Linares United States District Judge
Plaintiff, Leroy T. Moore, a state inmate presently confined at the Northern State Prison in Newark, New Jersey, seeks to bring this action in forma pauperis. Based on his affidavit of indigence, the Court will grant plaintiff's application to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP") pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a) (1998) and order the Clerk of the Court to file the Complaint.
At this time, the Court must review the Complaint, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B) and 1915A, to determine whether it should be dismissed as frivolous or malicious, for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or because it seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. For the reasons set forth below, the Court concludes that the Complaint should proceed in part, but will issue an Order directing the pertinent parties to show cause as to whether this case should be stayed pending termination of any ongoing state criminal proceedings related to the unlawful search and seizure claim at issue in this case.
Plaintiff, Leroy T. Moore ("Moore"), brings this civil action, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, against the following defendants: Paula T. Dow, Attorney General of the State of New Jersey; Bruce Kaplan, Middlesex County Prosecutor; Valerie Lispano; Joseph Celentano; Sgt. Scott; Investigator Craig Marchak; Investigator Rodriguez; Investigator Ellmyer; Lisa Berrios; Michael Dammaan; Carteret Police Department; Middlesex County Prosecutor's Office; Chief of Carteret Police Department; Officer Paul Stenetella; and Christopher Kuberet, Esq. (Complaint, Caption). The following factual allegations are taken from the Complaint, and are accepted for purposes of this screening only. The Court has made no findings as to the veracity of plaintiff's allegations.
This is Moore's second Complaint bringing claims under § 1983 with regard to an incident occurring on August 28, 2009. His first Complaint was dismissed without prejudice on or about November 15, 2010. See Franklin, et al. v. Borough of Carteret, et al., Civil No. 10-1467 (JLL). In this action, Moore alleges that, on August 28, 2009, members of the Middlesex County Prosecutor's Office and the Carteret Police Department unlawfully entered his residence on a search warrant that was forged. In particular, Moore alleges that defendant Celentano forged a judge's signature on the warrant. Moore complains that the officers entered his apartment with a K-9 dog, which was not on a leash or with its trainer. He further states that the officers grabbed Moore's young daughter by her arms and tossed her to the ground. (Compl., ¶¶ C.1 and 2).
Next, Moore alleges that defendants Dammaan and Celentano used excessive force upon plaintiff by assaulting plaintiff's head with a police scanner and then choking plaintiff while he was handcuffed. Moore states that the officers told plaintiff that they knew he had drugs because he had the police scanner tuned to the Carteret police channel. (Compl., ¶ C.2). Moore also alleges that defendant Stenetella had choked plaintiff because Stenetella observed Moore swallow drugs. Moore does not allege that he suffered any injuries from the alleged assault and choking, except that the x-rays taken to find CDS allegedly showed he had swollen glands.
Moore asserts that defendant Dow is being sued in her supervisory role
over defendants, Carteret Police Department,
Chief of Carteret Police, Middlesex County Prosecutor's Office, and
Assistant Prosecutor Kuberet. He also asserts a claim of malicious
prosecution against Kuberet, alleging that Kuberet knew the search
warrant was not legal.
Moore further claims that Middlesex County Prosecutor Kaplan failed to adequately train and/or supervise the defendants, Lispano, Celentano, Scott, Marchak Rodriguez, Ellmyer and Kuberet, who were the investigators or assistant prosecutors involved in plaintiff's prosecution. Moore alleges that Lispano filed false police reports stating that Moore had sold her drugs on several occasions, and that Lispano forged an excessive bail amount for plaintiff.
Moore next asserts a claim of supervisor liability with respect to the Chief of the Carteret Police Department who had a supervisory role over Carteret Police Officers Berrios, Dammaan, Stenetella, and the Carteret Police Department itself. Finally, Moore asserts that all of the defendants violated the First, Fourth, Eighth and Fourteenth Amendment rights of his then-six-year old daughter, Amauriah Moore.
Moore brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, seeking an unspecified amount in monetary damages.
II. STANDARDS FOR A SUA SPONTE DISMISSAL
The Prison Litigation Reform Act ("PLRA"), Pub. L. No. 104-134, §§ 801-810, 110 Stat. 1321-66 to 1321-77 (April 26, 1996), requires a district court to review a complaint in a civil action in which a prisoner is proceeding in forma pauperis or seeks redress against a governmental employee or entity. The Court is required to identify cognizable claims and to sua sponte dismiss any claim that is frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B) and 1915A. This action is subject to sua sponte screening for dismissal under both 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B) an § 1915A.
In determining the sufficiency of a pro se complaint, the Court must be mindful to construe it liberally in favor of the plaintiff. See Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 93-94 (2007)(following Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 106 (1976) and Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972)). See also United States v. Day, 969 F.2d 39, 42 (3d Cir. 1992). The Court must "accept as true all of the allegations in the complaint and all reasonable inferences that can be drawn therefrom, and view them in the light most favorable to the plaintiff." Morse v. Lower Merion School Dist., 132 F.3d 902, 906 (3d Cir. 1997). The Court need not, however, credit a pro se plaintiff's "bald assertions" or "legal conclusions." Id.
A complaint is frivolous if it "lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact." Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319,325 (1989) (interpreting the predecessor of § 1915(e)(2), the former § 1915(d)). The standard for evaluating whether a complaint is "frivolous" is an objective one. Deutsch v. United States, 67 F.3d 1080, 1086-87 (3d Cir. 1995).
A pro se complaint may be dismissed for failure to state a claim only if it appears "'beyond doubt that the plaintiff can prove no set of facts in support of his claim which would entitle him to relief.'" Haines, 404 U.S. at 521 (quoting Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 45-46 (1957)). See also Erickson, 551 U.S. at 93-94 (In a pro se prisoner civil rights complaint, the Court reviewed whether the complaint complied with the pleading requirements of Rule 8(a)(2)).
However, recently, the Supreme Court revised this standard for summary dismissal of a Complaint that fails to state a claim in Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937 (2009). The issue before the Supreme Court was whether Iqbal's civil rights complaint adequately alleged defendants' personal involvement in discriminatory decisions regarding Iqbal's treatment during detention at the Metropolitan Detention Center which, if true, violated his constitutional rights. Id. The Court examined Rule 8(a)(2) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure which provides that a complaint must contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(2).*fn1 Citing its recent opinion in Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007), for the proposition that "[a] pleading that offers 'labels and conclusions' or 'a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do,' "Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555), the Supreme Court identified two working principles underlying the failure to state a claim standard:
First, the tenet that a court must accept as true all of the allegations contained in a complaint is inapplicable to legal conclusions. Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice ... . Rule 8 ... does not unlock the doors of discovery for a plaintiff armed with nothing more than conclusions. Second, only a complaint that states a plausible claim for relief survives a motion to dismiss. Determining whether a complaint states a plausible claim for relief will ... be a context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and common sense. But where the well-pleaded facts do not permit the court to infer more than the mere possibility of misconduct, the complaint has alleged-but it has not "show[n]"-"that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed. Rule Civ. Proc.8(a)(2).
Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949-1950 (citations omitted).
The Court further explained that a court considering a motion to dismiss can choose to begin by identifying pleadings that, because they are no more than conclusions, are not entitled to the assumption of truth. While legal conclusions can provide the framework of a complaint, they must be supported by factual allegations. When there are well-pleaded factual allegations, a court should assume their veracity and then determine whether they plausibly give rise to an entitlement to relief.
Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1950.
Thus, to prevent a summary dismissal, civil complaints must now allege "sufficient factual matter" to show that a claim is facially plausible. This then "allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Id. at 1948. The Supreme Court's ruling in Iqbal emphasizes that a plaintiff must demonstrate that the allegations of his complaint are plausible. Id. at 1949-50; see also Twombly, 505 U.S. at 555, & n.3; Fowler v. UPMC Shadyside, 578 F.3d 203, 210(3d Cir. 2009).
Consequently, the Third Circuit observed that Iqbal provides the
"final nail-in-the-coffin for the 'no set of facts' standard" set
forth in Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 45-46 (1957),*fn2
that applied to federal complaints before Twombly. Fowler,
578 F.3d at 210. The Third Circuit now requires that a district court
must conduct the two-part analysis set forth in Iqbal when presented
with a motion to dismiss:
First, the factual and legal elements of a claim should be separated. The District Court must accept all of the complaint's well-pleaded facts as true, but may disregard any legal conclusions. [Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949-50].
Second, a District Court must then determine whether the facts alleged in the complaint are sufficient to show that the plaintiff has a "plausible claim for relief." [Id.] In other words, a complaint must do more than allege the plaintiff's entitlement to relief. A complaint has to "show" such an entitlement with its facts. See Phillips, 515 F.3d at 234-35. As the Supreme Court instructed in Iqbal, "[w]here the well-pleaded facts do not permit the court to infer more than the mere possibility of misconduct, the complaint has alleged-but it has not 'show [n]'-'that the pleader is entitled to relief.'" Iqbal, [129 S.Ct. at 1949-50]. This "plausibility" determination will be "a context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and common sense." Id. Fowler, 578 F.3d at 210-211.
This Court is mindful, however, that the sufficiency of this pro se pleading must be construed liberally in favor of Plaintiff, even after Iqbal. See Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89 (2007). Moreover, a court should not dismiss a complaint with prejudice for failure to state a claim without granting leave to amend, unless it finds bad faith, undue delay, prejudice or futility. See Grayson v. Mayview ...