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State of New Jersey v. andrew R. Majkut


May 25, 2011


On appeal from the Superior Court of New Jersey, Law Division, Middlesex County, Indictment No. 98-08-1153.

Per curiam.


Submitted May 16, 2011

Before Judges Reisner and Sabatino.

Defendant Andrew R. Majkut appeals the trial court's denial of his application to have his sentence reconsidered. We affirm.

The record indicates that defendant and a co-defendant, Neftali Soriano, broke into the home of a sixty-seven-year-old female relative of defendant, assaulted her, threatened her with a knife, demanded money, tied her up, and ransacked her home. The victim was struck several times with the knife, and her assailants threatened to kill her.

Based upon the State's proofs, defendant was convicted in a 2001 jury trial of first-degree armed robbery, second-degree burglary, third-degree aggravated assault, third-degree terroristic threats, fourth-degree unlawful possession of a weapon, third-degree possession of a weapon for an unlawful purpose, and third-degree criminal restraint. After various mergers, the trial judge imposed a sixteen-year prison term upon defendant for the armed robbery, subject to an 85% parole disqualifier under the No Early Release Act ("NERA"), N.J.S.A. 2C:43-7.2, plus a consecutive eight-year term for the burglary, and a concurrent four-year term for the criminal restraint and terroristic threats.

On defendant's initial appeal, we sustained his conviction but remanded for reconsideration of the consecutive aspect of his sentence. State v. Majkut, No. A-5841-01 (App. Div. June 3, 2002). On remand in 2003, the trial judge modified the sentence to make defendant's eight-year burglary term concurrent with, rather than consecutive to, his sentence for the robbery. As a result of that modification, defendant is now serving an aggregate custodial term of sixteen years. Meanwhile co-defendant Soriano, the other participant in the attack, is serving an aggregate custodial sentence of fifteen years. The sentences of both defendant and Soriano are subject to the parole ineligibility periods under NERA.

Defendant moved for further reconsideration of his sentence pursuant to Rule 3:21-10(b). The motion was entertained by Judge Lorraine Pullen*fn1 , who denied the application on March 12, 2010.

On his present appeal, defendant argues that the parole ineligibility period should be construed to permit him to be admitted into a custodial drug treatment facility under Rule 3:21-10(b)(1), in lieu of state prison. He also argues that his sentence should be reduced by one year to eliminate the alleged disparity with the co-defendant.

We reject these contentions, substantially for the reasons expressed in Judge Pullen's letter opinion dated March 12, 2010. As Judge Pullen correctly noted, the parole ineligibility period under NERA is not subject to change. As a matter of law, defendant is simply not permitted to enter a drug rehabilitation program in lieu of incarceration during the mandatory parole ineligibility period. See State v. Brown, 384 N.J. Super. 191, 196 (App. Div. 2006); State v. Le, 354 N.J. Super. 91, 95 (App. Div. 2002).

Moreover, we agree with Judge Pullen that there is no need to correct any alleged disparity between defendant's sentence and the sentence of the co-defendant, Soriano. Defendant preyed upon the vulnerability of his own elderly relative, and that alone is sufficient to distinguish his culpability from that of Soriano. The one-year difference in their custodial terms is manifestly not an "undue disparity" that requires appellate intervention. Cf. State v. Lee, 235 N.J. Super. 410, 413 (App. Div. 1989).


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