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David Stephens v. Federal Bureau of Prisons

March 2, 2011

DAVID STEPHENS, PLAINTIFF,
v.
FEDERAL BUREAU OF PRISONS,
ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Kugler, District Judge

NOT FOR PUBLICATION

OPINION

APPEARANCES:

Plaintiff David Stephens, a prisoner confined at FCI Fairton, seeks to bring this action in forma pauperis pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging violations of his constitutional rights. Based on his affidavit of indigence and the absence of three qualifying dismissals within 28 U.S.C. §1915(g), the Court will grant Plaintiff's application to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a) and order the Clerk of the Court to file the Complaint.

At this time, the Court must review the Complaint to determine whether it should be dismissed as frivolous or malicious, for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or because it seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief.

I. BACKGROUND

The following factual allegations are taken from Plaintiff's Complaint and are accepted as true for purposes of this review.

Plaintiff states in his Complaint that he is a convicted and sentenced state prisoner who is currently being held in federal custody, but the Complaint does not appear to concern this current term of federal custody. He alleges that on December 18, 2007 he was sentenced to a three month term. He states that a clerical error was made causing his paperwork to reflect that he was to serve a six months instead of three. He filed a motion to amend the judgment which was granted on March 3, 2008. He alleges that Fairton prison officials ignored the amended judgment of commitment order which corrected his sentence to reflect a March 17, 2008 release date and instead kept him in custody until June 17, 2008.

Plaintiff seeks compensation in the amount of 1.5 million dollars for the three months that he was allegedly held past his sentence release date. Plaintiff's Complaint was signed by July 30, 2010 and was received by Clerk of the Court on August 10, 2010.

II. STANDARDS FOR A SUA SPONTE DISMISSAL

The Prison Litigation Reform Act, Pub.L. No. 104-134, §§ 801-810, 110 Stat. 1321-66 to 1321-77 (April 26, 1996), requires a district court to review a complaint in a civil action in which a prisoner is proceeding in forma pauperis or seeks redress against a governmental employee or entity. The Court is required to identify cognizable claims and to sua sponte dismiss any claim that is frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B) and 1915A. This action is subject to sua sponte screening for dismissal under both 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2) (B) and 1915A, because Plaintiff is a prisoner and is proceeding as an indigent.

In determining the sufficiency of a pro se complaint, the Court must be mindful to construe it liberally in favor of the plaintiff. See Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 93-94 (2007) (following Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 106 (1976) and Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972)); see also United States v. Day, 969 F.2d 39, 42 (3d Cir. 1992).

Recently, the Supreme Court refined the standard for summary dismissal of a complaint that fails to state a claim in Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937 (2009). The Court examined Rule 8(a)(2) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure which provides that a complaint must contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(2). Citing its opinion in Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007), for the proposition that "[a] pleading that offers 'labels and conclusions' or 'a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do,'" Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555), the Supreme Court held that, to prevent a summary dismissal, a civil complaint must now allege "sufficient factual matter" to show that the claim is facially plausible. This then "allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." See id. at 1948. ...


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