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Maria R. Centeno v. Commissioner of Social Security

March 2, 2011


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Thompson, U.S.D.J.




This matter has come before the Court upon Plaintiff Maria Centeno's motion for attorneys' fees, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d) [docket # 13]. The motion is unopposed by the Defendant Commissioner of Social Security ("Commissioner"). The Court has decided the motion without oral argument, pursuant to L. Civ. R. 9.1(b). For the reasons detailed below, Plaintiff's application for attorneys' fees is hereby granted.


Plaintiff, currently forty-nine years old, worked as a paralegal at a law firm for sixteen years until June 15, 2001, when she left work for medical reasons. Specifically, she claimed inability to work due to fibromyalgia (or body pains), obesity, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. The Commissioner denied Plaintiff's first application for disability benefits. This district denied Plaintiff's appeal of that decision. See Centeno v. Barnhart, Civ. No. 04-3784 (D.N.J. June 30, 2005). After Plaintiff's second application was denied, she filed the present Complaint requesting, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), reversal or remand of the Commissioner's decision. (See Compl. 2--3) [1]. We remanded the decision back to the Commissioner on December 6, 2010. (See Op. & Order, Dec. 6, 2010) [12]. Plaintiff now moves for attorneys' fees [13].


A.Legal Standard

Congress enacted the Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA) in order "to eliminate for the average person the financial disincentive to challenge unreasonable government actions." Astrue v. Ratliff, --- U.S. ---, 130 S. Ct. 2521, 2530 (2010). Section 2412(d) of the EAJA states:

Except as otherwise specifically provided by statute, a court shall award to a prevailing party other than the United States fees and other expenses, in addition to any costs awarded pursuant to subsection (a), incurred by that party in any civil action (other than cases sounding in tort), including proceedings for judicial review of agency action, brought by or against the United States in any court having jurisdiction of that action, unless the court finds that the position of the United States was substantially justified or that special circumstances make an award unjust.

28 U.S.C. § 2412(d). The government's position is substantially justified if it is "justified in substance or in the main-that is, justified to a degree that could satisfy a reasonable person." Cruz v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 630 F.3d 321, 324 (3d Cir. 2010) (quoting Pierce v. Underwood, 487 U.S. 552, 565 (1988)). The government bears the burden of demonstrating that its position had a reasonable basis in law and fact and that the law and facts were reasonably connected. Id. (citing Morgan v. Perry, 142 F.3d 670, 684 (3d Cir. 1998)). However, a court may not assume the government's position was not substantially justified "simply because the government lost on the merits." Id. (quoting Morgan, 142 F.3d at 685).


It appears beyond dispute that Plaintiff's appeal of her disability claim was filed as against the United States, and that Plaintiff, having secured a remand of the Commissioner's decision, is a prevailing party. The question is whether the government's position was substantially justified.

Here, the government has not submitted any opposition to Plaintiff's motion and has therefore failed to meet its burden of showing substantial justification. However, even if the government had responded to Plaintiff's motion, it is unlikely that we would find the government's position substantially justified. In our December 6 Opinion, we held that the ALJ had not adequately addressed the effect of Plaintiff's obesity in conjunction with her other impairments, nor had the ALJ sufficiently evaluated Plaintiff's subjective complaints of pain. (Op. & Order, Dec. 6, 2010, at 8, 13--14). We found Plaintiff's case analogous to Diaz v. Commissioner of Social Security ("Diaz I"),in which the Third Circuit found under similar facts that the ALJ had erred as a matter of law in failing to develop the record. 577 F.3d 500, 504 (3d Cir. 2009). Notably, the Third Circuit recently reversed the district court's denial of attorneys' fees with respect to the same plaintiff. Diaz v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec. ("Diaz II"), 2010 WL 4540332, at *3 (3d Cir. Nov. 12, 2010). Here, ...

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