On appeal from the Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division-Family Part, Essex County, Docket No. FJ-07-3744-09.
NOT FOR PUBLICATION WITHOUT THE APPROVAL OF THE APPELLATE DIVISION
Submitted: September 29, 2010
Before Judges Cuff and Fasciale.
J.S., a juvenile, was adjudicated delinquent on charges, which if committed by an adult, would constitute second-degree robbery, in violation of N.J.S.A. 2C:15-1; and fourth-degree criminal mischief, contrary to N.J.S.A. 2C:17-3.*fn1 He was sentenced to a term of eight months probation on the second-degree robbery offense, to be served concurrently with an existing probationary term. No sentence was imposed on the criminal mischief charge.
On April 25, 2009, J.S. accompanied his aunt, Veronica Holloway, to Sasson Youth World, a clothing store in East Orange. Holloway testified that she went to Sasson to obtain a cash refund for the amount she had previously paid for items on layaway or "to retrieve items equaling to that amount."
Both the cashier and manager explained to Holloway that Sasson's policy allowed only store credit for unwanted layaway items. Holloway adamantly refused to accept the store credit. As Holloway argued with store employees, J.S. told her "you know how we do it." Holloway grabbed a bundle of clothes from the counter and she and J.S. then attempted to leave the store with a bundle of clothes.
Sasson's security guards, Richard (whose last name is not mentioned in the transcript), and Julian France (France) stopped Holloway and J.S. from exiting through the front door with the clothes. Holloway did not give up the clothes voluntarily; a tug of war ensued before security guards retrieved the clothes from Holloway.
Sasson had several security cameras, which captured on tape most of the interaction between Holloway, J.S., and store employees, including the argument at the cash register and the altercation at the front exit. The video clearly showed J.S. assisting Holloway to leave the store and push France during the altercation.
With the front exit blocked by the security guards, J.S. and Holloway turned to flee through the rear exit. J.S. stated he was "going to get the clothes by one way or the other." No security footage captured Holloway and J.S. exit through the rear of the store. Patricia Stuffle, the store manager, testified that after the pair exited the store, J.S. turned and hurled a stone block toward the store, narrowly missing her, but shattering the store's glass rear door. Police apprehended Holloway and J.S. on the street outside the store.
The trial judge found that J.S. joined his aunt in her attempt to remove from the store clothes for which his aunt had not paid. She further found that J.S. struggled with security guard France as they attempted to leave through the front exit and threw a stone at the rear door as they fled. The judge held these actions by J.S. satisfied the elements of robbery and criminal mischief.
On appeal, the juvenile raises the following arguments:
POINT I THE RECORD BELOW DID NOT CONTAIN SUFFICIENT CREDIBLE EVIDENCE TO SUPPORT THE TRIAL JUDGE'S ADJUDICATION OF ...