On appeal from Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, Family Part, Middlesex County, Docket No. FV-12-1655-09.
NOT FOR PUBLICATION WITHOUT THE APPROVAL OF THE APPELLATE DIVISION
Submitted February 23, 2010
Resubmitted July 12, 2010
Before Judges Lihotz and Ashrafi.
Defendant appeals from a final restraining order under the Prevention of Domestic Violence Act, N.J.S.A. 2C:25-17 to -35, entered after trial on April 8, 2009. We previously issued a decision remanding the matter to the trial judge for clarification or reconsideration of his conclusion that defendant had committed a violation of N.J.S.A. 2C:33-4, harassment, as a predicate act of domestic violence. D.Q. v. R.Q., Docket No. A-4352-08T2 (App. Div. May 6, 2010). For purposes of this opinion, we adopt the statement of facts and procedural history contained in our prior decision.
On remand, the trial judge issued a written "Clarification of Decision" dated June 18, 2010. He explained and confirmed his conclusion that defendant had harassed plaintiff by a course of alarming conduct on February 16, 2009. The judge found that defendant's violation of N.J.S.A. 2C:33-4c, viewed in the light of prior acts of harassment and escalating conflicts with plaintiff over issues following their divorce, entitled plaintiff to a final restraining order. Defendant challenges the trial judge's conclusions after remand and again requests that we reverse the final restraining order. Plaintiff has not submitted a supplementary brief but relies on the arguments she made in her brief on the original appeal.
As we stated in our prior decision:
In a domestic violence case, the standard of review on appeal is very deferential to the trial court's findings of fact and the conclusions of law based on those findings. In Cesare v. Cesare, 154 N.J. 394, 413, 416 (1998), the Supreme Court placed trust in the expertise of Family Part judges to assess evidence of domestic violence and the need for a restraining order. Regarding the function of the appellate court, the Supreme Court held:
[A]n appellate court should not disturb the factual findings and legal conclusions of the trial judge unless [it is] convinced that they are so manifestly unsupported by or inconsistent with the competent, relevant and reasonably credible evidence as to offend the interests of justice. [D.Q. v. R.Q., supra, slip op. at 10-11 (quoting Cesare, supra, 154 N.J. at 412) (internal quotation marks omitted).]
Application of that standard of review requires that we defer to the trial judge's findings of fact and conclusions and affirm the final restraining order.
The trial judge reviewed "the culmination" of events on February 16, 2009, beginning with defendant calling 911 to report domestic violence in plaintiff's home, which the judge found was retaliation for her refusal to speak to him on the telephone about their daughter rather than because of legitimate concern that the daughter may be in need of aid. The judge found that defendant's alarming conduct then continued with his standing outside plaintiff's property and defying the instructions of the police to leave the area, and it concluded with defendant's repeated phone calls to plaintiff's home after he finally left the area. When plaintiff refused to speak with him, and their son would not put the daughter on the phone, defendant ...