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Division of Youth and Family Services v. C.S.

May 28, 2010

DIVISION OF YOUTH AND FAMILY SERVICES, PLAINTIFF-RESPONDENT,
v.
C.S., DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.
IN THE MATTER OF THE GUARDIANSHIP OF G.S. AND C.S., JR., MINORS.



On appeal from the Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, Family Part, Hudson County, Docket No. FG-09-170-07.

Per curiam.

RECORD IMPOUNDED

NOT FOR PUBLICATION WITHOUT THE APPROVAL OF THE APPELLATE DIVISION

Submitted: April 28, 2010

Before Judges Stern, Sabatino and J. N. Harris.

Defendant C.S. appeals from the termination of his parental rights to his daughter, G.S., and his son, C.S., Jr. Defendant asserts that the Division of Youth and Family Services (DYFS) did not prove prongs one, two, and four of the statutory best interests test, N.J.S.A. 30:4C-15.1a.

In N.J. Div. of Youth & Family Servs. v. A.R., 405 N.J. Super. 418 (App. Div. 2009), we rejected the appeal of DYFS from the trial judge's decision not to terminate the parental rights of the mother, A.R.*fn1 Our opinion in A.R. explained the role of defendant with respect to A.R.'s prior drug use and the need to isolate C.S. from A.R. and the children in order to make reunification with A.R. a success. In the words of the trial judge, C.S.'s "behavior during the lives of his children created most of the problems in this matter. His actions played a major and significant role in disrupting reunification."

C.S.'s children are now almost seven and four years old. Defendant is now a fifty-one-year-old drug addict who has been arrested seventeen times as an adult. He was serving a sentence for robbery at the time of the trial.

Dr. Daniel Bromberg, who performed a psychological evaluation of A.R. and defendant, did not feel defendant could ever provide a stable home for the children. According to Dr. Bromberg, defendant was rarely physically present, he could not parent "emotionally and psychologically," and he acts "[ir]rationally and uses poor judgment." Bromberg also testified that C.S. has a "poor prognosis for staying out of trouble," reducing his drug dependence, or controlling his "temper outbursts that turn into uncontrollable rage."*fn2

Dr. Bromberg also conducted a bonding evaluation of defendant with his children and concluded that while there was "a strong emotional bond" between defendant and G.S., and "she would experience psychological harm" by termination, it would not be "severe and enduring" if she received "appropriate psychological services." Moreover, defendant "had no bond whatsoever" with C.S., Jr. as he had seen him only once before defendant's last incarceration.

Dr. Gerard Figuerelli testified for defendant and said defendant could become stable if he continued in a long-range drug program, but he never had achieved stability previously and was then in prison. Dr. Figuerelli testified about his psychological evaluation of defendant and testified as to the conclusion:

One was that at the time that I evaluated him, he required formal mental health treatment for a number of psychological issues that he was experiencing that I identified in the report of the evaluation.

I also concluded that he required formal intensive substance abuse treatment in a program that worked with individuals that had substance [ab]use disorders and concomitant mental health disorders. And I concluded that if he were able to get the type of substance abuse treatment that he required, the ongoing mental health treatment that he needed, and, of course, if he abstained from all psycho-active substance use and involvement in any illegal activity that, at that time, he would be able to act in a supportive parenting role.

He estimated that a minimum of a year of intensive inpatient and outpatient treatment was required following defendant's release after he became eligible for parole in June 2009. Defendant wanted to play a ...


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