October 16, 2009
THE ESTATE OF KENNETH E. BOZEMAN, BY HIS ACTING ADMINISTRATRIX AD PROSEQUENDUM, VIOLET BOZEMAN AND VIOLET BOZEMAN, INDIVIDUALLY, PLAINTIFFS-APPELLANTS,
PAUL MULLER, INDIVIDUALLY AND IN ANY CORPORATE CAPACITY INCLUDING PAUL'S PIT-BULL X-PRESS, AFFILIATED TRANSPORT SERVICES, INC., COMMERCIAL TRUCK CLAIMS MANAGEMENT, DEFENDANTS, AND ALEA LONDON, LTD., DEFENDANT-RESPONDENT, AND CLARENDON NATIONAL INSURANCE COMPANY, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.
On appeal from Superior Court of New Jersey, Law Division, Monmouth County, Docket No. L-4214-03.
NOT FOR PUBLICATION WITHOUT THE APPROVAL OF THE APPELLATE DIVISION
Argued September 23, 2009
Before Judges Stern, Collester and Sabatino.
The Estate of Kenneth Bozeman and Clarendon National Insurance Company appeal from a judgment of the Law Division entered on December 5, 2008. Clarendon, as assignee of Paul Muller and plaintiff estate,*fn1 seeks to have defendant Alea London Limited satisfy the estate's judgment against Muller who was driving his tractor when it hit and killed Bozeman, a pedestrian, on the morning of October 11, 2001. Alea, which issued a "bobtail" policy for "non-trucking" use to Muller, refused to defend Muller, against whom a $750,000 default judgment was entered.*fn2 The failure to defend was originally based on late notice, because it was not received until March 9, 2004. Muller was a lessor-trucker for Affiliated Transport Services, which was insured by Clarendon.*fn3
Judge Jamie S. Perri concluded that Muller was "under dispatch" when the accident occurred because on the afternoon of October 10, 2001, he was assigned to pick up a load between then and October 15 at the Maher terminal in Elizabeth, and was driving to the Maher terminal from home around 5:30 a.m. on October 11, 2001, when the accident occurred. He drove the tractor home after receiving the dispatch on the afternoon of October 10 instead of leaving it at the Affiliated terminal.
Appellants argue that: (1) once Alea lost its motion for summary judgment based on late notice "it is estopped from denying coverage on other grounds," (2) Muller was driving his tractor "for his own convenience and not in the business of Affiliated when the accident occurred," (3) "Muller cannot be deemed to have been operating on behalf of Affiliated simply because Muller was under dispatch," and (4) "Alea is responsible for the entire $750,000 [default] judgment even though its policy had a $500,000 policy limit."
The record does not reveal if Muller had a personal vehicle at the Affiliated terminal in which he could, or usually would, commute.*fn4 It was stipulated that about half the drivers left their tractors at the Affiliated Terminal overnight and that it was cheaper to commute by passenger car.
As already noted, Muller took the tractor home on the night of October 10 and was en route to the Maher terminal on the morning of October 11, when the accident occurred. Muller was unaware of the fact that he hit a pedestrian. He made the pick up at 6:47 a.m. and was at the Affiliated terminal by the time it opened.*fn5 In this circumstance, we agree with Judge Perri that the tractor was involved in a "business use" at the time of the accident. The conclusion is supported by the totality of circumstances here, not just the fact that Muller was "under dispatch" at the time of the accident. We also agree that Alea's refusal to provide a defense in March of 2004 based on lack of notice did not preclude a subsequent disclaimer based on lack of coverage because of the "trucking" use.
The judgment is affirmed substantially for the reasons stated in Judge Perri's formal opinion of March 5, 2008,*fn6 and the July 12, 2008, opinion denying reconsideration. See also Moper Transp. v. Norbet Trucking, 399 N.J. Super. 146, 155 (App. Div.), certif. denied, 196 N.J. 462, 463 (2008); Planet Ins. Co. v. Anglo Am. Ins. Co., 312 N.J. Super. 233, 236-41 (App. Div. 1998).