Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

State v. Gallicchio

April 30, 2009


On appeal from Superior Court of New Jersey, Law Division, Essex County, Indictment No. 98-09-3647.

Per curiam.


Submitted December 16, 2008

Before Judges Parker and LeWinn.

Defendant Michael Gallicchio appeals from an order entered on June 22, 2007 denying his petition for post-conviction relief (PCR). We affirm.

On July 10, 2000, a judgment of conviction was entered against defendant after he pled guilty to first degree robbery, N.J.S.A. 2C:15-1 (Count One); fourth degree unlawful possession of a weapon, N.J.S.A. 2C:39-5d (Count Three); and third degree possession of a weapon for an unlawful purpose, N.J.S.A. 2C:39-4d (Count Four). After the appropriate merger, he was sentenced in accordance with the negotiated plea agreement to an aggregate term of sixteen years subject to 85% parole ineligibility pursuant to the No Early Release Act (NERA), N.J.S.A. 2C:43-7.2.

On January 8, 2001, defendant filed a notice of appeal "nunc pro tunc." We granted leave to file an untimely appeal and on November 22, 2002, we affirmed his conviction and sentence. The Supreme Court denied certification on February 19, 2003. State v. Gallicchio, 175 N.J. 548 (2003).

On August 8, 2003, defendant filed a pro se PCR petition. Counsel was assigned and defendant was granted an evidentiary hearing. At the evidentiary hearing on June 22, 2007, defendant testified that he had private counsel at the time his plea was negotiated and that counsel told him the plea offer was ten to sixteen years. He acknowledged that his attorney told him about the No Early Release Act but claimed, "I wasn't sure at the time because it was new. So it was like, you know, confusing." Defendant acknowledged that he knew it was not a "flat sentence" and that there was a parole ineligibility period. He claimed, however, that "[b]ecause I did not hit the man at this incident . . . . I felt I was pleading to something I didn't do. I knew I did the robbery . . . . I admit to that." When asked why he pled guilty, he responded: "Because I was sent a message while I was in the bull pen that if I was found guilty I would get eighty years with 85%."

Defendant's trial attorney testified at the PCR hearing that he discussed with defendant the State's recommendation of sixteen years with 85% parole ineligibility. The attorney testified: "It's a first degree crime. So the judge would have discretion to sentence him between a ten and a sixteen-year sentence. And I told [defendant] that in light of the 85%, I would argue against the NERA. I didn't believe the pipe should be considered a deadly weapon." The "pipe" refers to an eight-inch long, two pound pipe wrapped in black electrical tape that was used by the co-defendant during the robbery.

Counsel further testified that at defendant's sentencing, he argued for a lesser sentence than recommended in the plea agreement. Indeed, the transcript of the sentencing reflects that defense counsel argued that the metal pipe was not a deadly weapon and maintained that defendant should be sentenced to ten years with 85% parole ineligibility.

After hearing the testimony, Judge Donald Goldman noted that at the time defendant was sentenced, NERA was determined by the judge, similar to the way in which the Graves Act was applied. Judge Goldman indicated that at the time of the plea, he did not have the pipe and did not know what it looked like. The pipe was presented at sentencing, however, and he noted that he had a colloquy with defendant, during which defendant acknowledged that he knew he did not have to be the one to use the pipe and that accomplice liability was sufficient to impose the full sentence on him.

In denying the PCR petition, Judge Goldman, who was also the sentencing judge, noted that

[A]t the time of sentencing, not only was I faced with a defendant who had pled guilty to a first degree robbery, using a deadly weapon, but I faced a defendant with nine prior indictable convictions in both state and one conviction in federal court. According to the defendant's pre-sentence investigation report, he had been in trouble even as a juvenile.

But he was explicitly extended term eligible, and the [c]court sentenced him accordingly to the plea bargain that was entered into. The defendant filed an appeal . . . . and on November 22nd, of 2002, the Appellate ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.