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Emerson Electric Co. v. Le Carbone Lorraine

February 18, 2009

EMERSON ELECTRIC COMPANY, ET AL., PLAINTIFFS,
v.
LE CARBONE LORRAINE, S.A., ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Simandle, District Judge

MEMORANDUM OPINION

This matter comes before the Court on three motions for issuance of request for international judicial assistance pursuant to Rule 28(b), Fed. R. Civ. P., and 28 U.S.C. § 1781, filed by Plaintiffs [Docket Items 140, 141 and 146]. THIS COURT FINDS AS FOLLOWS:

1. Plaintiffs seek to depose three non-party witnesses --Robin D. Emerson, Richard Fourcault, and Jacques Marquand --- all of whom reside abroad and all of whom, Plaintiffs allege, were involved in an international conspiracy to fix the price of electrical carbon product in the United States. Both Mr. Fourcault and Mr. Marquand were employed by Defendant Le Carbone Lorraine, S.A. ("LCL") -- Mr. Fourcault as Vice President of LCL's Consumer Division and Mr. Marquand as President of that division. Mr. Emerson was employed by a subsidiary of The Morgan Crucible Company, PLC, which is a former defendant in this matter. The facts are well-known to all parties and the Court will not reiterate them here.

2. Defendants do not oppose Plaintiffs' motions in their entirety, but instead ask the Court to limit the questions that may be asked in the following ways:

* Questions relating to the European Commission's investigation should be stricken from the request

* Questions for examination relating to Defendants' activities in Europe should be stricken

* Questions for examination relating to the isostatic graphite industry should be stricken from the request

* Questions relating to Mr. Emerson's communications with and documents he produced to the U.S. Department of Justice relating to his obstruction of justice guilty plea should be stricken from the request

* The request should be limited to cover the defined relevant period of October 1988 to September 2001

* The request should be amended to make clear that Defendants will be entitled to attend any examination proceedings and question the witness

3. The scope of proper discovery is governed by Rule 26(b)(1), Fed. R. Civ. P.:

Parties may obtain discovery regarding any non-privileged matter that is relevant to any party's claim or defense--including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any documents or other tangible things and the identity and location of persons who know of any discoverable matter. For good cause, the court may order discovery of any matter relevant to the subject matter involved in the action. Relevant information need not be admissible at the trial if the discovery appears reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. All discovery is subject to the limitations imposed by Rule 26(b)(2)(C).

4. Rule 26(b)(2)(C) incorporates the rule of proportionality. Thus, Rule 26(b)(2)(C) requires the Court to limit the extent of the discovery when, inter alia, "the burden or expense of the proposed discovery outweighs its likely benefit" or the information can be obtained from another, less burdensome, source.

5. The Court rejects Defendants' request to strike questions related to the European Commission investigation and the witnesses' conduct in Europe. In previous discovery disputes, Defendants have similarly argued that Plaintiffs are not entitled to information about the European conspiracy to fix the price of electrical carbon products, given this Court's decision that it lacks subject matter jurisdiction over claims of conspiracy to purchase these products abroad. Emerson Elec. Co. v. Le Carbone Lorraine, S.A., 500 F.Supp.2d 437 (D.N.J. 2007) ("Emerson I"). Plaintiffs maintain, however, that efforts to fix prices in the United States occurred, and may have been based, in Europe. In particular, Plaintiffs accuse LCL, a French business, of orchestrating a conspiracy targeted, at least in part, in the United States. Further, the European Commission, though it ultimately found insufficient evidence that the European cartel extended beyond Europe and the Middle East, was investigating the "same conspiracy" at issue here. Emerson Elec. Co. v. Le Carbone Lorraine, S.A., No. 05-6042, 2008 WL 4126602, at *8 (D.N.J. Aug. 27, 2008) ("Emerson II"). Finally, the Court ...


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