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PHH Mortgage Corp. v. Hutchinson

December 17, 2007


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Simandle, District Judge


This matter is before the Court on the motion for summary judgment by PHH Mortgage Corporation ("Plaintiff" or "PHH") [Docket Item 52]. For the following reasons, the Court shall deny the motion to dismiss, but enter an order requiring Defendants to comply with discovery within fourteen days.

1. Plaintiff originally sought summary judgment against Defendants Dan Hutchinson, Jr.; Delene Hutchinson; Dorothy Mitchell; Evangeline Tisdale*fn1 ; and Valencia Robinson, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 37, as a sanction for failure to comply with discovery and, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 56, arguing there is no genuine issue of material fact precluding judgment as a matter of law. By letter dated June 6, 2007, PHH informed the Court that it no longer seeks summary judgment as a discovery sanction against Defendant Evangeline Tisdale, "Delene Mitchell," or Dorothy Mitchell.*fn2 Presumably, PHH meant to refer to Delene Hutchinson in that letter as she is the only "Delene" named in the Amended Complaint or in the Notice of Motion for Summary Judgment [Docket Item 41-1]. The motion is unopposed, except, apparently informally by Evangeline Tisdale who sent PHH a letter seeking dismissal of its claims against her for her lack of culpability and this Court's alleged lack of personal jurisdiction over her.

2. Therefore, the matter before the Court is PHH's request for summary judgment pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 37 against Defendants Dan Hutchinson, Jr. and Valencia Robinson; and pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 56 against Defendants Delene Hutchinson, Dorothy Mitchell, Evangeline Tisdale, Valencia Robinson and Dan Hutchinson, Jr. However, because Defendants have not been able to obtain discovery, the proper basis for the motion is not Rule 56, but Rule 37. Although Plaintiff has withdrawn its request for sanctions as to some of the defendants, it has not provided this Court with additional discovery materials. Additionally, the only basis for the Rule 56 motion is Plaintiff's request that the Court deem the discovery requests admitted. Because this is actually another argument for default as a sanction, which Plaintiffs apparently no longer seek as to three Defendants and which the Court does not have a proper basis to assess as to the other two, the Court shall deny the motion for summary judgment insofar as it is sought pursuant to Rule 56.

3. Moreover, this motion does not reflect what is currently happening in this case, as Plaintiff merely refiled an old motion rather than making a new motion for summary judgment according to the facts in the record as of the date of this motion.

4. Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37(b)(2)(C), this Court has power to sanction noncompliance with discovery by entry of default. However, dismissal as a sanction for noncompliance with discovery is a harsh sanction that should be used sparingly. "[D]ismissals with prejudice or defaults are drastic sanctions, termed "extreme" by the Supreme Court and are to be reserved for comparable cases." Poulis v. State Farm Fire and Cas. Co., 747 F.2d 863, 867-68 (3d Cir. 1984) (citation omitted). Furthermore, on February 23, 2007, Magistrate Judge Schneider entered an Order granting Plaintiff's motion to compel discovery and denied a motion for discovery sanctions, finding that sanctions against the pro se Defendants were not warranted [Docket Item 45]. There has been no appeal from that Order or any subsequent request for sanctions.*fn3 This Court is mindful that "dismissal is a sanction of last resort." Hicks v. Feeney, 850 F.2d 152, 156 (3d Cir. 1988).

5. Therefore, the Court shall not grant the motion to dismiss for failure to comply with discovery. Nevertheless, the Court recognizes that Plaintiff will be completely impaired from litigating this action unless Defendants comply with discovery. Accordingly, the Court shall order Defendants to respond to all outstanding discovery requests within fourteen days of the entry of this Order. As the Third Circuit has explained, while the Court has authority to order dismissal for failure to comply with discovery, it can also order other sanctions as justice requires:

The court clearly has the power to dismiss the case as a sanction against a party who fails to obey an order regarding discovery. Fed.R.Civ.P. 37(b)(2)(C). The sanction must be specifically related to the particular claim at issue in the discovery order. Insurance Corp. of Ireland v. Compagnie des Bauxites de Guinee, 456 U.S. 694, 707-08 (1982). The trial court has discretion over which sanctions to impose and "may make such orders in regard to the failure as are just." Fed. R. Civ. P. 37(b)(2).

Id. at 158. In this case, because it is unclear to the Court what discovery requests are still pending, and whether they are necessary considering Mr. Hutchinson, Jr. has entered a guilty plea in a related criminal case*fn4 , the Court shall not grant dismissal as a discovery sanction at this time. Rather, the Court shall Order Defendants to comply with any outstanding discovery requests.

6. If Defendants continue to disregard Plaintiff's requests for discovery, Plaintiff may make a new motion for default, but must inform the Court of the actual course of the litigation as of the date of that filing and exactly how each Defendant against whom default is sought has failed to comply with discovery. Any request for entry of default judgment against a defendant for failure to comply with the accompanying Order must set forth and discuss each of the factors identified in Poulis, supra. The accompanying Order shall be entered.


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