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State v. Robinson

SUPERIOR COURT OF NEW JERSEY APPELLATE DIVISION


November 29, 2007

STATE OF NEW JERSEY, PLAINTIFF-RESPONDENT,
v.
ANDREW ROBINSON, A/K/A MALIK MOHAMMED, A/K/A DESHON PARKS, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

On appeal from the Superior Court of New Jersey, Law Division, Essex County, Indictment No. 99-06-2269.

Per curiam.

NOT FOR PUBLICATION WITHOUT THE APPROVAL OF THE APPELLATE DIVISION

Submitted November 13, 2007

Before Judges Collester and C.S. Fisher.

The indictment charged that, on September 10, 1998, defendant entered a store in Irvington and, while in the process of robbing the store with his co-defendant, shot a patron in the chest with a handgun. Defendant pled guilty to second-degree conspiracy to commit robbery, N.J.S.A. 2C:5-2 and N.J.S.A. 2C:15-1; two counts of first-degree robbery, N.J.S.A. 2C:15-1; first-degree attempted murder, N.J.S.A. 2C:5-2 and N.J.S.A. 2C:11-3; and third-degree unlawful possession of a weapon, N.J.S.A. 2C:39-5(b).

Defendant entered a guilty plea pursuant to an agreement that called for a maximum twenty-year prison term subject to an 85% period of parole ineligibility pursuant to the No Early Release Act, N.J.S.A. 2C:43-7.2. The other counts of the indictment were dismissed.

At the plea hearing, the trial judge indicated he would sentence defendant to a seventeen-year prison term subject to an 85% period of parole ineligibility. Defendant, however, failed to appear for sentencing. He was later arrested, and the sentencing proceeding took place on March 23, 2001, more than eight months after it was originally scheduled to occur.

At sentencing, defendant unsuccessfully moved to withdraw his guilty plea. After appropriate mergers, the judge imposed a twenty-year prison term on one of the robbery convictions and a concurrent twenty-year prison term on the attempted murder conviction, both subject to a seventeen-year period of parole ineligibility as well as a five-year period of parole supervision upon release; a concurrent five-year prison term was imposed on the weapon conviction.

Defendant's direct appeal was placed on an excessive sentencing oral argument calendar. On April 16, 2003, we remanded to the trial court: for a hearing as to the reason defendant did not appear for sentencing on the scheduled date and for the reason he was arrested on January 9, 2001, and for consideration of defendant's right to withdraw his guilty plea if the sentencing judge does not honor his statement at the time of plea that defendant could withdraw his guilty plea if the judge did not impose a concurrent seventeen year sentence with a NERA component. This order does not preclude the judge from sentencing defendant to concurrent seventeen year sentences with the NERA component.

Following our remand, defendant again sought to withdraw his guilty plea. A different judge denied this motion but amended the judgment by imposing only concurrent seventeen-year prison terms with an 85% period of parole ineligibility on the robbery and attempted murder convictions.

Defendant appealed again, presenting the following arguments for our review:

I. THE TRIAL COURT ERRED IN DENYING DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO WITHDRAW HIS GUILTY PLEA BECAUSE DEFENDANT DID NOT UNDERSTAND ALL THE PENAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE NO EARLY RELEASE ACT, WHICH DEFENDANT AFFIRMED WOULD HAVE MATERIALLY AFFECTED HIS DECISION TO PLEAD GUILTY.

II. THE TRIAL COURT ERRED IN DENYING DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO WITHDRAW HIS GUILTY PLEA BEFORE SENTENCING TOOK PLACE, BECAUSE DEFENDANT TESTIFIED THAT HE WAS HIGH WHEN HE MADE THE PLEA AND DID NOT UNDERSTAND ITS CONSEQUENCES.

III. DEFENDANT'S SENTENCE IS IMPROPER AND UNJUSTIFIED.

We find insufficient merit in these arguments to warrant discussion in a written opinion. R. 2:11-3(e)(2). We add only the following comments.

Following our earlier remand, a different judge conducted an evidentiary hearing at which defendant and an assistant prosecutor testified. Although it is true that the trial judge did not advise defendant during the plea hearing of the parole supervision aspect of the sentence, we are satisfied, as was the remand judge, who had the opportunity to hear and weigh the defendant's testimony, that under the circumstances the parole supervision component was immaterial to defendant's decision to plead guilty. In addition, after carefully reviewing the record, we are satisfied that other than defendant's conclusory assertions, there was no support for his claim that he was under the influence of drugs at the time he entered his guilty plea.

Affirmed.

20071129

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