On Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (D.C. Civil No. 01-cv-03837) District Judge: Hon. Joseph A. Greenaway, Jr.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Cowen, Circuit Judge
Submitted Pursuant to Third Circuit LAR 34.1(a) April 5, 2005
BEFORE: BARRY, AMBRO and COWEN, Circuit Judges
William J. Brennan appeals the March 1, 2004 order of the District Court denying his renewed motion to vacate the District Court's previous order dated January 27, 2003, and dismissing his complaint with prejudice. We have jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We will reverse and remand.
This case has a long, tortured, and protracted procedural history. On August 13, 2001, Brennan, proceeding pro se, filed a complaint alleging violations of 42 U.S.C. §§ 1983 and 1985, the First, Fourth, and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution, and various state laws.
The District Court promulgated a scheduling order on November 26, 2001. Defendants repeatedly complained that Plaintiff was not complying with his discovery obligations. In response, the District Court entered four separate discoveryrelated orders. *fn1 The last of these orders was dated December 19, 2002, and sanctioned Brennan for his refusal to follow the previous orders. Paragraph 1 of this order instructed Brennan to pay a monetary sanction by December 23, 2002.
Brennan failed to pay the sanction on time. The District Court therefore dismissed his complaint without prejudice by order dated January 27, 2003. The order states in relevant part:
1. That plaintiff's Complaint shall be and the same is hereby dismissed without prejudice because of plaintiff's failure to comply with paragraph (1) of the December 19, 2002 Case Management Order;
2. That if plaintiff fails to comply with the December 19, 2002 Case Management Order and if the Complaint is not reinstated within 30 days, the Complaint shall be dismissed with prejudice upon application of defendants;
Brennan retained present counsel on February ...