first set for trial, substitution and withdrawal shall not be permitted except by leave of Court." Whether to permit an attorney to withdraw is within the discretion of the court. See Streetman v. Lynaugh, 674 F. Supp. 229, 234 (E.D. Tex. 1987). In granting or denying a motion to withdraw, a court will consider factors such as: (1) the reasons why withdrawal is sought; (b) the prejudice withdrawal may cause to other litigants; (c) the harm withdrawal might cause to the administration of justice; and (d) the degree to which withdrawal will delay the resolution of the case. See Lite, N.J. Federal Practice Rules, Comment Rule 18, citing Avante-Garde Computing Inc. Securities Litigation, Civ. No. 85-4149 (D.N.J. letter op. and order filed August 31, 1989) (Simandle). See also Haines v. Liggett Group, Inc., 814 F. Supp. 414, 423 (D.N.J. 1993).
In addition to General Rule 18, this Court must consider the criteria set forth in RPC 1.16 of the New Jersey Rules of Professional Conduct ("RPC 1.16"), in deciding whether to grant an attorney leave to withdraw. The New Jersey Rules of Professional Conduct are made applicable in this Court by General Rule 6.
Haines v. Liggett Group, Inc., 814 F. Supp. at 422. The provisions of RPC 1.16 are consistent with the criteria embodied in General Rule 18. Haines, 814 F. Supp. at 423. See also Lite, N.J. Federal Practice Rules, (1996 Ed.), Comment to Rule 18 at 116.
RPC 1.16 governs the termination of an attorney's representation of a client. In particular, RPC 1.16(a)(1) states that a lawyer shall withdraw from representing a client where "the representation will result in violation of the Rules of Professional Conduct or other law." In addition, RPC 1.16(b) permits a "lawyer [to] withdraw from representing a client if withdrawal can be accomplished without material adverse effect on the interests of the client, or if" any of the criteria enumerated in (b)(1)-(6) is met.
Withdrawal pursuant to both RPC 1.16(a) and (b) is limited by RPC 1.16(c) which states that "when required to do so by rule or when ordered to do so by a tribunal, a lawyer shall continue representation notwithstanding good cause for terminating the representation." RPC 1.16(c) recognizes the notion that "even if withdrawal is otherwise appropriate, other considerations must sometimes take precedence, such as maintaining fairness to litigants and preserving a court's resources and efficiency." Haines v. Liggett Group, Inc., 814 F. Supp. at 423. Criteria such as the proximity to trial and the possibility for a client to obtain substitute counsel are also relevant considerations. Jacobs v. Pendel, 98 N.J. Super. 252, 255, 236 A.2d 888 (App. Div. 1967).
In support of the motion to withdraw in the instant case, Mr. Berg states that on February 21, 1996, he was notified by the insurer and the counsel for Defendants, Kamara and Barami, "of certain evidence involving Plaintiff Rusinow which would potentially impeach his credibility and possibly constitute insurance fraud or perjury, if proven." (Berg, March 14, Certification P8). Mr. Berg further states that he informed his clients of the information he learned from the insurer and Defendants' counsel, and based upon his clients' responses to that information, he is seeking to withdraw as counsel based upon RPC 1.16(b)(1), (3), (5) and (6),
and RPC 3.3(a)(2), and (4).
(Berg, March 14, Certification PP7,8).
Mr. Berg has also submitted an affidavit dated March 18, 1996, for my in camera review in support of the motion to withdraw. Based upon the information contained in this affidavit, as well as in his March 14, Certification, the Court concludes that Plaintiffs' counsel have not established good cause to withdraw pursuant to RPC 1.16(b). See Haines v. Liggett Group, Inc., 814 F. Supp. at 423.
Even assuming that counsel had been able to demonstrate good cause to withdraw from the representation of Plaintiffs, equitable factors would preclude this Court from granting their motion. Once an attorney "agrees to undertake the representation of a client, he or she is under an obligation to see the work through to completion." Id. at 424; see also Streetman v. Lynaugh, 674 F. Supp. 229, 234 (E.D. Tex. 1987).
Plaintiffs' counsel have not demonstrated the availability of substitute counsel to represent their clients, or that any substitute counsel could effectively prosecute this action in a timely fashion. In cases where withdrawal would significantly impair a party's ability to maintain the action, the court has not permitted counsel to withdraw. See Haines v. Liggett Group, 814 F. Supp. at 425; Kriegsman v. Kriegsman, 150 N.J. Super. 474, 479-480, 375 A.2d 1253 (App. Div. 1977). As counsel for Plaintiffs in this action for almost two years, movants are uniquely aware of the facts, documents, and legal issues relating to Plaintiffs' case. The Final Pretrial Order was entered in this case on June 2, 1995. The trial in this action is scheduled to begin on April 1, 1996, less than two weeks away. In addition, this Court has ordered trial briefs, requests for charge and proposed voir dire questions to be submitted by counsel on March 25, 1996.
To allow Plaintiffs' counsel to withdraw at this time would significantly interfere with this Court's scheduling of this action for trial and will certainly delay the resolution of this case. Their withdrawal not only would prejudice their clients' rights to representation, but would also interfere with the rights of the Defendants in this action, who have been waiting for the final resolution of this matter since April 29, 1994, the date of the filing of the complaint.
Plaintiffs' counsel have not presented this Court with any compelling reasons to justify their withdrawal. It is they who chose to file this action, and therefore, they who must be prepared to see it to completion. This case has been dormant since the entry of the Final Pretrial Order in June, 1995. The frenetic flurry of activity by counsel to withdraw shortly after the entry of this Court's Order granting Defendants' Motion to Amend the Final Pretrial Order to include an additional fact witness and exhibit,
on the eve of trial, will not be countenanced by this Court. A sudden disenchantment with a client or a cause is no basis for withdrawal. Those who cannot live with risk, doubt and ingratitude should not be trial lawyers. A lawyer's duty to his or her client cannot be sacrificed to ambivalence.
For the foregoing reasons, the motion of the law firms of Latti Associates and the Offices of Francis J. DeVito to withdraw as counsel for Plaintiffs will be denied. This Court will enter an appropriate order.
STEPHEN M. ORLOFSKY
United States District Judge
Dated: March 25, 1996