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ATLANTIC TELE-NETWORK v. FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION AND UNITED STATES AMERICA </h1> <p class="docCourt"> </p> <p> July 25, 1995 </p> <p class="case-parties"> <b>ATLANTIC TELE-NETWORK, INC., PETITIONER<br><br>v.<br><br>FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION AND UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, RESPONDENTS</b><br><br> </p> <div class="caseCopy"> <div class="facLeaderBoard"> <script type="text/javascript"><!-- google_ad_client = "ca-pub-1233285632737842"; /* FACLeaderBoard */ google_ad_slot = "8524463142"; google_ad_width = 728; google_ad_height = 90; //--> </script> <script type="text/javascript" src="http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js"> </script> </div class="facLeaderBoard"> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p><br> Before Buckley, Randolph, and Tatel, Circuit Judges.</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> Buckley, Circuit Judge</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> FOR PUBLICATION</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CIRCUIT</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> Argued January 6, 1995</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> American Telephone and Telegraph Company, Intervenor</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> Petition for Review of an Order of the Federal Communications Commission</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> Opinion for the court filed by Circuit Judge Buckley.</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> Atlantic Tele-Network, Inc. ("ATN") petitions for review of an order of the Federal Communications Commission conditionally authorizing ATN to provide international telephone service between the United States and Guyana. In re Atlantic Tele-Network, Inc., 8 F.C.C.R. 4776 (1993) ("Commission Order"). Finding the Commission's conditional authorization proper, we deny the petition.</p></div> <div class="facAdFloatLeft"> <script type="text/javascript"><!-- google_ad_client = "ca-pub-1233285632737842"; /* FACContentLeftSkyscraperWide */ google_ad_slot = "1266897617"; google_ad_width = 160; google_ad_height = 600; //--> </script> <script type="text/javascript" src="http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js"></script> </div class="facLeaderBoard"> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> I. Background</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> A. Legal Framework</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> Section 214 of the Communications Act of 1934 requires telephone operating carriers to secure FCC certification before constructing or operating interstate or international communications lines. That provision specifically provides that [n]o carrier shall ... acquire or operate any line, or extension thereof, or shall engage in transmission over or by means of such additional or extended line, unless and until there shall first have been obtained from the Commission a certificate that the present or future public convenience and necessity require or will require the ... operation[ ] of such additional or extended line....</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> 47 U.S.C. Section(s) 214(a) (1988). If the Commission approves such an application, it may attach to the issuance of the certificate such terms and conditions as in its judgment the public convenience and necessity may require.</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"><p> 47 U.S.C. Section(s) 214(c).</p></div> <div class="numbered-paragraph"> <p> This case involves such a condition. An understanding of its nature and purpose requires an overview of how international telephone carriers operate. While several domestic carriers compete to provide telephone service from the United States to foreign countries, typically only one government-controlled carrier provides telephone service in any particular foreign country. When a U.S. customer dials an overseas telephone number, a domestic "originating" carrier charges a "collection rate" for placing the international call through to the appropriate foreign "terminating" carrier, which connects the caller to his destination. The domestic originating carrier and the foreign terminating carrier negotiate an operating agreement that sets forth the "accounting rate" that is divided between the two carriers. For example, if the domestic carrier charges $2.00 per minute as its collection rate, and the two carriers negotiate a $1.00 per minute accounting rate to be divided equally between them, the ...</p> </div> </div> </div> <div id="caseToolTip" class="caseToolTip" style="display: none;"> <div class="toolTipHead"> </div> <div class="toolTipContent"> <p> Our website includes the first part of the main text of the court's opinion. To read the entire case, you must purchase the decision for download. With purchase, you also receive any available docket numbers, case citations or footnotes, dissents and concurrences that accompany the decision. Docket numbers and/or citations allow you to research a case further or to use a case in a legal proceeding. Footnotes (if any) include details of the court's decision. 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