On appeal from Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, Family Part, Ocean County.
Before Judges Brody, Stern and Keefe.
The opinion of the court was delivered by BRODY, P.J.A.D.
Defendant appeals from an order denying the parties an uncontested divorce and ordering him to pay $15,000 counsel fees to plaintiff's former attorney. Plaintiff is not participating in the appeal, although her maneuvers created the issues we are called upon to resolve. After tangling in numerous pretrial motions and attempting unsuccessfully to settle their differences through negotiation, the parties finally arrived at a written agreement. They then appeared in court to prove the elements of a separation divorce and to ask the trial Judge to incorporate the terms of their agreement in the judgment.
Shortly before the trial date, plaintiff had discharged her attorney, respondent Alan J. Cornblatt, Esq. She thereafter concluded settlement negotiations by agreeing with defendant that each party pay his and her own counsel fees. Defendant had adamantly opposed paying any part of Cornblatt's fee.
As the trial was about to begin, plaintiff disclosed that she had filed a petition in bankruptcy on the previous day. The trial Judge and the attorneys, including Cornblatt who was present, spent several hours assessing the impact of plaintiff's bankruptcy on the divorce proceeding. As defendant's attorney saw it, the parties' agreement relieved defendant of any obligation to pay Cornblatt his fee and the bankruptcy reduced Cornblatt to the status of plaintiff's major unsecured creditor. On the other hand, Cornblatt argued that the parties could not by their agreement prevent him from obtaining his fee from defendant.
The Judge had two additional concerns. He did not see how he could grant a divorce premised on the agreement if, contrary to its terms, he ordered defendant to pay part of Cornblatt's fee. The Judge also concluded that the automatic stay of the litigation of financial matters affecting plaintiff, effective upon the filing of her bankruptcy petition, prevented him from entering a judgment respecting the financial aspects of the divorce, and a New Jersey Supreme Court directive prevented him from bifurcating the trial to enter a judgment of divorce without disposing of all other matters.
After a full airing of these concerns, defendant agreed to waive any objection he might raise to the divorce should he be ordered to pay all or part of Cornblatt's fee. The Judge then heard the evidence respecting the divorce with the understanding that he would withhold entry of a judgment until the bankruptcy stay is lifted or, pursuant to the Supreme Court directive, until the Assignment Judge permits bifurcation and entry of a partial judgment of divorce.
The Judge then permitted discovery respecting Cornblatt's fee. After the bankruptcy Judge lifted the stay solely to allow Cornblatt "to proceed with his application for counsel fees against Lee Frankel," the trial Judge ordered defendant to pay Cornblatt $15,000 of his fee. So far as we know, a judgment of divorce has not been entered.*fn1
Defendant argues that the trial court erred by ordering him to pay part of plaintiff's counsel fee contrary to the parties' agreement, and also erred by not bifurcating the trial to enter a partial judgment of divorce in view of the automatic stay of the bankruptcy court. We affirm the order requiring defendant to pay part of plaintiff's counsel fee and direct that the trial be bifurcated to enable the trial Judge to enter partial judgment of divorce, reserving entry of final judgment respecting other matters until the bankruptcy stay is lifted.
Parties in family actions may agree to pay their own counsel fees. However, where one of the parties is impecunious, they cannot by their agreement prevent that party's attorney from applying to court, pursuant to R. 4:42-9(a)(1), to have his or her fee paid by the other party. The Rule allows a court to award counsel fees in the action:
(1) In a family action, the court in its discretion may make an allowance both pendente lite and on final determination to be paid by any party to the action, including if deemed to be just any party successful in the action, on any claim for divorce. . . .
Although the immediate beneficiary of such an award is the impecunious spouse's attorney, the ultimate beneficiaries are impecunious spouses who otherwise would be ...