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Township of Washington v. New Jersey State Policemen's Benev. Ass'n

New Jersey Supreme Court

May 17, 1994


On certification to Superior Court, Appellate Division, whose opinion is reported at 263 N.J. Super. 163 (1993).

Pollock, Wilentz, Clifford, Handler, O'Hern, Garibaldi, Stein


The opinion of the court was delivered by POLLOCK, J.

Like the companion case, Hillsdale PBA Local 207 v. Borough of Hillsdale, N.J. (1994), this appeal questions the role that the factors in N.J.S.A. 34:13A-16g (section 16g) should play in a compulsory-interest-arbitration award. In their contract negotiations, defendant, New Jersey State Policemen's Benevolent Association, Inc., Local 206 (Local 206 or the PBA), and plaintiff, Township of Washington, could not agree on salary increases or on four non-economic issues involving payroll procedure, off-duty police services, maternity leave, and cardiac disability for the years 1991, 1992, and 1993. At the PBA'S request, the Public Employment Relations Commission (PERC) appointed a compulsory-interest arbitrator under that part of the Employer-Employee Relations Act commonly known as the Compulsory Interest Arbitration Act, N.J.S.A. 34:13A-14 to -21 (the Act).

The arbitrator chose the PBA's last offer, and the Chancery Division confirmed the award. The Appellate Division reversed and remanded to a new arbitrator. 263 N.J. Super. 163 (1993). We granted Local 206's petition for certification, 134 N.J. 478 (1993), and now reverse substantially for the same reasons as are set forth in the Hillsdale opinion.

Washington Township offered the following annual increases:

July 1, 1991 9%

July 1, 1992 6%

January 1, 1993 6%.

Local 206 proposed semi-annual increases:

July 1, 1991 9%

January 1, 1992 4%

July 1, 1992 4%

January 1, 1993 3%

July 1, 1993 4%.

As in the Hillsdale case, the parties disagreed on the basis for comparison. Washington Township urged that the comparable communities were the other municipalities in the "Pascack Ten." Local 206 argued that the comparison should be with communities in Bergen County as a whole. Among other things, Local 206 also argued that Washington Township could afford to pay the Local's last offer, which was only one percent higher than Washington Township's last offer.

The arbitrator rejected all of Local 206's non-economic proposals, except for the payroll procedure, and accepted its last offer on salary increases. After quoting the section 16g factors, the arbitrator noted that "the difference between the parties' economic positions is very small. [Local 206] argues that its offer is more reasonable because it more closely conforms with the terms and patterns of settlement among similarly situated Bergen County police officers." She continued:

The PBA also presents a number of towns in which other arbitrators confronted by similar economic arguments have awarded increases in line with the PBA's offer. If comparability is to be dispositive then the patterns and trends of settlement in the county (and in the sector of the State) must be considered. (Emphasis added.)

The arbitrator placed on Washington Township the burden of proving that it could not pay Local 206's last offer. She concluded:

On this record I conclude that the PBA's offer, which costs slightly more than the Township's, is more reasonable because it is closer to the rates and increases achieved in police units throughout the area. There is no showing that the Employer cannot afford to pay the 1% cost difference between the two officers [sic].

In confirming the award, the Chancery Division regarded the two dominant issues to be Washington Township's ability to pay and the comparability of police officer salaries in other municipalities. Deferring to the arbitrator's determination, the court stated:

It certainly seems clear that there was a good deal of evidence presented and Discussions about ability to pay. The other primary focus was indeed comparability and how the police salaries in Washington Township compared with other municipalities. There was the usual argument put forth by the two parties with conflicting views as to what are and are not comparable municipalities.

I see no suggest ion that there was any relevant information or relevant factors submitted to the arbitrator which were indeed ignored by her.

If indeed there is a pattern whereby arbitrators normally, usually, maybe invariably conclude that comparability to other police units is the most significant factor before them, I am not prepared to say that that's not true. That's a determination which is charged to the responsibility of the arbitrator in any given case.

In sum, the question of what is the decisive factor, whether it be comparability or something else, is something charged to the responsibility of the arbitrator. I believe it would be inappropriate for me to reverse this or any other determination based on my Conclusion or anyone else's Conclusions that undue weight was put on one rather than another factor.

The Appellate Division, in contrast, found that the award was not supported by substantial credible evidence, 263 N.J. Super. at 196, and that the arbitrator had not considered all of the section 16g factors, including the public interest and welfare, id. at 196-200.

The basic flaw in the award is that the analysis of the statutory factors is deficient. In sum, the award neither identifies and weighs the relevant factors nor explains why other factors are irrelevant. Indeed, the award implies that a comparative analysis of salary increases in similar communities is dispositive. Furthermore, the arbitrator improperly placed on Washington Township the burden of proving that it was unable to pay "the 1% cost difference between the two offers." Little purpose would be served by repeating all that we said in Hillsdale about the need for arbitrators to render reasoned opinions. Suffice it to say that instead of discussing the section 16g factors, the award simply relies on salary increases awarded in other communities and on Washington Township's perceived ability to pay the one-percent differential between its last offer and that of Local 206.

The contract, which extended from 1991 to 1993, has expired. Washington Township never sought a stay of the award. As in Hillsdale, we believe that the appropriate response is to refrain from disturbing the award.

Accordingly, the judgment of the Appellate Division is reversed.

Chief Justice Wilentz and Justices Clifford, Handler, O'Hern, Garibaldi, and Stein join in this opinion.


Accordingly, the judgment of the Appellate Division is reversed.


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