On appeal from Division of Workers' Compensation.
Michels, Skillman and Wefing. The opinion of the Court was delivered by Wefing, J.s.c. (temporarily assigned).
Van-Rad Contracting Company, Inc. (Van-Rad) appeals from an order entered in the Division of Workers' Compensation which awarded the petitioner-respondent Frank Della Rosa (Della Rosa) temporary disability and medical benefits for injuries Mr. Della Rosa sustained while in Van-Rad's employ for one day, on February 8, 1991.
On Friday, February 8, 1991, petitioner Della Rosa reported to work as a journeyman carpenter at Van-Rad's construction site at the Spencer Gift Shop in the Newport Mall in Jersey City. He was assigned to assist carpenter foreman George Wright (Wright) in framing walls with heavy gauge metal studs. Mr. Della Rosa also contended that he was called upon to help move a delivery of sheetrock which had been unloaded at the wrong location. During the course of these activities he began to experience a sharp pain in the lumbosacral area; he described the pain as feeling "as though somebody had their knee in my back." He also stated that during the day he had feelings of nausea and fever. Della Rosa said he worked the entire day because he feared not being recalled to the job if he left due to an injury. He hoped to be sufficiently recovered by Monday to be able to continue. He had been out of work for approximately two months at the time.
The nature of the work performed by Della Rosa for Van-Rad was sharply contested in the proceedings below. Della Rosa insisted that he was required to carry upon his shoulder approximately one dozen bundles of ten foot studs, each bundle weighing approximately 150 pounds. He also asserted that he had assisted
his foreman, Wright, in moving a pile of 55 to 75 pound boards of sheetrock. Wright, however, maintained that petitioner never moved any sheetrock that day and, indeed, would not have been allowed to do so due to union rules. Wright also contended that the studs in use at the site were light gauge metal which weighed no more than one pound apiece.
It is undisputed that prior to reporting to work with Van-Rad on February 8th, 1991, Della Rosa suffered from some back trouble. Indeed, he had seen his chiropractor on February 4 and February 6 for an adjustment and had an appointment for February 8, which had been scheduled prior to his assignment to Van-Rad. According to Della Rosa, the pain he experienced prior to his employment by Van-Rad was different in nature and "not as intense" as that he felt on February 8.
He was unable to return to work on Monday due to his pain and returned to the chiropractor. A CAT scan was performed which revealed a herniation of the L5, S1 disc.
Della Rosa has been seen by various medical doctors and has received several courses of physical therapy. In due course he filed a claim for workers' compensation benefits. The trial was conducted on various dates. At the end of the proceedings, the Judge of Compensation accepted the factual version asserted by Mr. Della Rosa and granted the motion for medical and temporary benefits pursuant to N.J.S.A. 34:15-15. This appeal followed.
The first issue is whether an award of temporary benefits by the Division of Workers' Compensation is a final judgment for purposes of appeal, under R. 2:2-3, or an interlocutory order for which leave to appeal must be obtained under R. 2:2-4. Several cases have expressed the view that such an award of temporary disability benefits is not appealable as of right since it is not a final judgment which disposes of all issues. Voorhees v. Glenwal Co., Inc., 77 N.J. Super. 65, 185 A.2d 401 (App.Div.1962); Andersen v. Well-Built Homes of Central Jersey, Inc., 69 N.J. Super. 246, 174 A.2d 216 (App.Div.1961). See also Chickachop v. Manpower, Inc.,
84 N.J. Super. 129, 201 A.2d 90 (Law Div.1964). Other cases have disagreed. See, e.g., Hodgdon v. Project Packaging, Inc. 214 N.J. Super. 352, 519 A.2d 881 (App.Div.1986), certif. denied, 107 N.J. 109, 526 A.2d 180 (1987), which was an appeal from an award of temporary benefits in which the parties contended that the matter was not an interlocutory appeal since the Workers' Compensation Judge had certified it as final under R. 4:42-2. We agree with Hodgdon that there is no need to ...