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Jackson v. Sullivan

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE THIRD CIRCUIT


decided: November 15, 1983.

CLINTON JACKSON, APPELLANT,
v.
JOHN L. SULLIVAN, COMMISSIONER, WALTER REDMAN, WARDEN DCC, LT. JOHN HOLLINGSWORTH

On Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Delaware.

Adams, Weis and Van Dusen, Circuit Judges.

Author: Per Curiam

Opinion OF THE COURT

The question before us in this appeal is what liberty and due process rights are created for prison inmates in Delaware by the unilateral adoption of administrative regulations by the Delaware Department of Corrections.

Clinton Jackson, an inmate at the Correctional Center at Smyrna, Delaware, brings this action pro se to challenge disciplinary measures taken against him allegedly in violation of section 1102, subsection 28 of the Department of Corrections Administrative Regulations. This subsection provides for discipline to be ordered for an inmate only by a three-person hearing board. Jackson charges that a disciplinary measure, seven days in an isolation cell, was imposed on him by a one-person hearing board. As a result of this alleged deprivation of constitutional rights, Jackson seeks injunctive and declaratory relief, $40 per day damages for his week in solitary confinement, punitive damages and an attorney's fee.

This case was first heard before a United States Magistrate who recommended that the district court conclude that no cause of action was stated by the complaint. Jackson v. Sullivan, No. 83-46 (D. Del., Feb. 9, 1983). This recommendation was put in effect by a final order of the district court on February 28, 1983.

Neither the magistrate nor the district court had the benefit of the Supreme Court's ruling in Hewitt v. Helms, 459 U.S. 460, 103 S. Ct. 864, 74 L. Ed. 2d 675 (1983) nor this Court's rulings in Drayton v. Robinson, 719 F.2d 1214 (3d Cir. 1983) and Strathie v. Department of Transportation, 716 F.2d 227 (3d Cir. 1983), including footnote 2. Since these opinions bear directly on Jackson's claim, this case will be remanded to the district court for reevaluation of the constitutional issues raised by the complaint.*fn1


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