UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT, DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
February 26, 1982
BAGEL INN, INC., etc., Plaintiff,
ALL STAR DAIRIES, et al., Defendants
The opinion of the court was delivered by: MEANOR
This action was commenced on behalf of all private persons within the State of New Jersey who purchased, directly from defendants, dairy products for resale or further processing. In the complaint, filed in this court on August 15, 1980, it is alleged that defendants combined and conspired to raise, fix, and maintain prices of dairy products in New Jersey. After months of discovery, a settlement was consummated between the parties. On October 1, 1981, $ 2,150,000 was placed in escrow and invested in an interest bearing instrument at an annual rate of 163/4 percent.
In accordance with Girsh v. Jepson, 521 F.2d 153 (3d Cir. 1975), the members of the purported class were notified and a hearing was scheduled to evaluate the proposed settlement. The parties submitted briefs, affidavits and documentation in support of the motion to approve the settlement. No class member objected to the terms of the agreement. On December 21, 1981, I issued an oral opinion from the bench approving the settlement. I found that the agreement was eminently fair and well within the range of reasonableness in light of the best possible recovery for the class and the attendant risks in litigation.
In conjunction with the motion to approve the settlement, plaintiffs' counsel submitted a petition for attorney fees with voluminous supporting documentation. I reserved my decision on that issue in order to devote the requisite amount of time and analysis to counsel's request. The assessment of a reasonable allowance for attorney's fees is the subject of this opinion.
The Lindy Standards.
In assessing the amount of attorneys' fees in this class action, I am bound by the principles enunciated in the seminal decisions of the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in Lindy Bros. Builders, Inc. of Philadelphia v. American Radiator & Standard Sanitary Corp., 487 F.2d 161 (3d Cir. 1973) (Lindy I ) and Lindy Bros. Builders, Inc. of Philadelphia v. American Radiator & Standard Sanitary Corp., 540 F.2d 102 (3d Cir. 1975) (Lindy II ). The analysis to be employed by this court is explicitly set forth in these opinions. In Lindy I, the Court instructed as follows:
In detailing the standards that should guide the award of fees to attorneys successfully concluding class suits, by judgment or settlement, we must start from the purpose of the award: to compensate the attorney for the reasonable value of services benefiting the unrepresented claimant. Before the value of the attorney's services can be determined, the district court must ascertain just what were those services. To this end the first inquiry of the court should be into the hours spent by the attorneys-how many hours were spent in what manner by which attorneys.
After determining, as above, the services performed by the attorneys, the district court must attempt to value those services.
The value of an attorney's time generally is reflected in his normal billing rate. A logical beginning in valuing an attorney's services is to fix a reasonable hourly rate for his time-taking account of the attorney's legal reputation and status (partner, associate). Where several attorneys file a joint petition for fees, the court may find it necessary to use several different rates for the different attorneys.
Lindy I, 487 F.2d at 167.
The amount determined under the above analysis has been denominated the "lodestar" figure. Lindy I and progeny make clear that this sum is to form the basis of the court's overall fee computation. See Baughman v. Wilson Freight Forwarding Co., 583 F.2d 1208, 1217-18 (3d Cir. 1978). Plaintiffs' counsel bear the burden of establishing the amount of a reasonably hourly rate. It is the responsibility of this court to scrutinize the rate to ensure that it is fair and reasonable in light of the circumstances involved in the present litigation. Id. at 1217.
After establishing the lodestar figure, at least two other factors are to be considered in order to assess the total award. In Lindy I, the Court explained:
The first of these is the contingent nature of success; this factor is of special significance where, as here, the attorney has no private agreement that guarantees payment even if no recovery is obtained. In assessing the extent to which the attorneys' compensation should be increased to reflect the unlikelihood of success, the district court should consider any information that may help to establish the probability of success.
The second additional factor the district court must consider is the extent, if any, to which the quality of an attorney's work mandates increasing or decreasing the amount to which the court has found the attorney reasonably entitled. In evaluating the quality of an attorney's work in a case, the district court should consider the complexity and novelty of the issues presented, the quality of the work that the judge has been able to observe, and the amount of the recovery obtained. This last factor may be the only means by which the quality of an attorney's performance can be judged where a suit is settled before any significant in-court proceedings. In making allowance for the quality of work, the court must keep in mind that the attorney will receive an otherwise reasonable compensation for his time under the figure arrived at from the hourly rate. Any increase or decrease in fees to adjust for the quality of work is designed to take account of an unusual degree of skill, be it unusually poor or unusually good.
Lindy I, 487 F.2d at 168 (footnote omitted). It is to be emphasized that the lodestar is not to be increased as a matter of course. Upon an evaluation of the specific circumstances of the case before me, I must evaluate whether, and to what extent, such an increase is justified and consistent with the sound exercise of discretion. Baughman v. Wilson Freight Forwarding Co., 583 F.2d at 1217.
A. Services of Attorneys.
Contained in counsels' fee petition is a listing of plaintiffs' attorneys and a break down of the hours spent in these proceedings. n1 This information is set forth below:
Meredith & Cohen, P.C.
Joel Meredith 224 hours 45 minutes
Steven J. Greenfogel 897 hours 45 minutes
Bruce K. Cohen 86 hours 45 minutes
Paralegal 120 hours
Subtotal 1329 hours 15 minutes
Wolf, Popper, Ross, Wolf & Jones (Wolf, Popper)
Robert A. Skirnick 372 hours 20 minutes
Harold Mayerson 151 hours
Ellen Chapnick 22 hours 05 minutes
Paralegal 12 hours 55 minutes
Subtotal 558 hours 20 minutes
Organ & Strawinski
Fredrick Organ 1 hour 33 minutes
Paul Strawinski 13 hours 06 minutes
Subtotal 14 hours 39 minutes
TOTAL 1902 hours 15 minutes
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