Decided: June 7, 1978.
IN THE MATTER OF THE SUSPENSION AND REVOCATION OF THE LICENSE OF GERALD L. WOLFE, D.O., TO MEDICINE AND SURGERY IN THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY
On appeal from the New Jersey State Board of Medical Examiners.
Lynch, Bischoff and Kole. The opinion of the court was delivered by Bischoff, J.A.D.
[160 NJSuper Page 117]
Appellant Gerald L. Wolfe, D.O., was charged with violating the Medical Practice Act, N.J.S.A. 45:9-1 et seq. , essentially because he illegally permitted his wife to practice medicine without a license. He appeals from the final decision and order of the State Board of Medical Examiners (Board) contending that the Board erred in revoking his license to practice medicine and surgery and imposing fines in the amount of approximately $46,300. Specifically, he claims that (1) the procedures followed by the Board violated his right to due process; (2) the fine imposed exceeded that allowed by statute, and (3) the penalty assessed was grossly disproportionate to the wrongs committed by him.
The proceedings before the Board did not violate present-day concepts of procedural or substantive due process. Despite the Board's apparent failure to adopt specific rules of practice regarding license revocation hearings, appellant was sufficiently advised by a number of statutes of the procedure which would be followed. Laba v. Newark Bd. of Ed. , 23 N.J. 364, 382 (1957). N.J.S.A. 45:9-16 requires service of a copy of a complaint and a hearing before the Board in person or by an attorney before a medical license can be revoked. N.J.S.A. 52:14B-9 sets out specific requirements of the notice of the charges against a licensee. It also requires a reasonable opportunity for all parties to be heard, provides for a transcript of oral proceedings, requires that findings of fact be based exclusively on the evidence and on matters officially noticed, and provides other safeguards. N.J.S.A. 52:14B-10 deals with the rules of evidence, the permissibility of judicial notice, the requirements for recommended reports and decisions and the prerequisites for a final decision.
Moreover, our reading of the record satisfies us that nothing occurred during this hearing which deprived appellant of due process. Withrow v. Larkin , 421 U.S. 35, 95 S. Ct. 1456, 43 L. Ed. 2d 712 (1975).
[160 NJSuper Page 118]
After a hearing the Board concluded that appellant was guilty of conduct in his practice of medicine and surgery which constituted a violation of the Medical Practice Act, N.J.S.A. 45:9-1 et seq. , sufficient to warrant revocation of his license to practice medicine and surgery. We find that determination of the Board supported by sufficient credible evidence in the record, and we will not disturb it. In re Suspension of Heller , 73 N.J. 292, 309 (1977).
We turn our attention to the monetary penalties imposed. The Board, by order of May 9, 1977, in addition to revoking the license of appellant to practice medicine and surgery, assessed a penalty of $46,300. The Committee that conducted the hearing stated the basis for its recommendation of the penalty in the following manner:
The Committee therefore recommends that in addition to revoking respondent's license to practice medicine and surgery in the State of New Jersey, the Board assess a penalty in the amount of $43,400.00 for employing his wife for a minimum of 434 days to practice medicine and surgery in violation of N.J.S.A. 45:9-16(g) ($100.00 per violation); $1,900.00 for fraudulently advertising in violation of N.J.S.A. 45:9-16(d) as amended by N.J.S.A. 45:9-16(j) ($200.00 per year of violation); $600.00 for violating the provisions of N.J.A.C. 13:35-4.1 in conjunction with N.J.S.A. 45:9-16(j) ($200.00 per year of violation); $200.00 for fraudulently billing Medicare for services not rendered or non-compensable, in violation of N.J.S.A. 45:9-6; and $200.00 for fraudulently billing Amalia Groper for services not rendered in violation of N.J.S.A. 45:9-6.
The reason for imposing the penalties appears, in part, in the findings of fact and conclusions of law of the committee of the Board:
Any person commencing or continuing the practice of medicine and/or surgery * * * in this State * * * or any person, company or association who shall employ for a stated salary or otherwise, or aid or assist any person not regularly licensed to practice medicine and/or surgery * * * in this State, to practice medicine and/or surgery * * * or who violates any of the provisions of this chapter or any supplement thereto, shall be liable to a penalty of two hundred dollars ($200.00), for the first offense.
This statute makes no provision for the imposition of penalties for second or subsequent offenses. While N.J.S.A. 45:9-26*fn1 does provide for additional penalties for subsequent convictions or for continuing the violations of which the offender was previously convicted, this section of the statute is not applicable here. Since these statutes (N.J.S.A. 45:9-22; N.J.S.A. 45:9-26) authorize the imposition of civil penalties, they are to be strictly construed. Castellon
[160 NJSuper Page 120]
v. Hudson Cty. Treasurer , 145 N.J. Super. 134, 137 (App. Div. 1976), certif. den. 74 N.J. 263 (1977); Sands v. Bd. of Examiners of Electrical Engineers , 90 N.J. Super. 82, 85 (App. Div. 1966), aff'd 54 N.J. 484 (1969).
We do not equate the word "offense" as it is used in N.J.S.A. 45:9-22 with "conviction" as it is used in N.J.S.A. 45:9-26. A second, subsequent or continuing offender may only have enhanced monetary penalties assessed against him after a conviction as a first offender. It is conceded that all of appellant's offenses occurred prior to the filing of the charges on which he was given a hearing. We, therefore, find no warrant for assessing any monetary penalty against appellant other than that authorized for a "first offense."
The Legislature has created many boards and commissions to regulate and control various professions and occupations. The statutes creating these boards and commissions are generally contained in Title 45 of the New Jersey Revised Statutes and New Jersey Statutes Annotated. In those instances where a board or commission has been granted the authority to impose monetary penalties for illegal practices by members of the professions or occupations, the Legislature has clearly indicated the permissible penalties authorized for second or subsequent offenses or violations when enhanced penalties were intended.*fn2
[160 NJSuper Page 121]
Further, when the Legislature intended to permit the imposition of penalties for each day in a continuing violation, it said so. N.J.S.A. 54:40-65. W. Kingsley v. Wes Outdoor Advertising Co. , 55 N.J. 336, 338 (1970).
N.J.S.A. 45:9-22 authorizes the imposition of a penalty of $200 "for the first offense." Additional penalties for further violations are provided for by N.J.S.A. 45:9-26, but they are limited to subsequent convictions or for "continuing the violation for which such offender was previously convicted." The appellant must be considered a first offender for the purpose of assessing penalties in this instance.
The record amply supports the findings of fact and conclusions of law of the Board that appellant violated:
(1) N.J.S.A. 45:9-16(g), by employing his wife to practice medicine and surgery;
[160 NJSuper Page 122]
(2) N.J.S.A. 45:9-16(d), as amended by N.J.S.A. 45:9-16(j), by fraudulent advertising;
(3) N.J.A.C. 13:35-4.1, in conjunction with N.J.S.A. 45:9-16(j);
(4) N.J.S.A. 45:9-6, by fraudulently billing Medicare for services not rendered or noncompensable;
(5) N.J.S.A. 45:9-6 by fraudulently billing Amalia Groper for services not rendered.
Each of these violations constitutes a separate and distinct offense. Each qualifies as a "first offense" for purposes of the penalties authorized.
We therefore vacate the monetary penalties assessed by the Board against appellant and, in the exercise of our original jurisdiction, R. 2:10-5, assess a penalty of $200 for each violation of the statute, for a total penalty of $1,000.
The order of the Board is accordingly modified and, as modified, is affirmed.