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Vliet v. Board of Trustees of Public Employees'' Retirement System

New Jersey Superior Court, Appellate Division

Decided: January 31, 1978.


Fritz, Botter and Ard. The opinion of the court was delivered by Botter, J.A.D.


[156 NJSuper Page 84] Eugene O. Vliet had been employed by the Township of Chester since 1933 and was enrolled in the Public Employees' Retirement System (PERS) on July 1, 1964. In 1970 he held the municipal positions of township clerk, treasurer, clerk of the board of adjustment and clerk of the Planning Board at $7,500, $1,500, $800 and $800 a year respectively. He reached age 70 on November 21, 1969. He was advised that his employment would be terminated as of December 31, 1970 as township clerk and treasurer. He was asked if he would continue on as clerk of the planning board and of the board of adjustment. He agreed to do so, provided his pension would not be affected.

[156 NJSuper Page 85]

In October 1970 the deputy township clerk wrote to the Division of Pensions asking: if appellant takes a "part-time" job with the township would he still receive full pension benefits? On December 2 PERS responded that appellant may accept "temporary" employment without adversely affecting his pension, but "if he accepts employment which will require him to re-enroll in [PERS], his retirement allowance would be reduced while he was reemployed."

Vliet then asked PERS if he earned more than "the allowable $500" in "temporary employment", would his pension be reduced by the excess? PERS replied that there was no limit on the amount of earnings in temporary public employment, "the important fact being that this employment must definitely be termed temporary employment and as such does not require that the person re-enroll in the Public Employees' Retirement System."

Vliet applied for retirement effective January 1, 1971. Later, in January 1971, the two municipal boards appointed him "temporary clerk." His retirement was approved by respondent in February 1971, effective January 1, 1971, and benefits were paid to Vliet until March 1975 based upon the combined salaries paid him for the four positions he held before retirement. His employment as "temporary clerk" of the boards was renewed from year to year in 1972, 1973 and 1974.

In 1974 a survey of Chester Township employees not enrolled in PERS revealed that Vliet was semi-retired and was classified as a regularly budgeted employee as distinguished from a temporary employee. This opened the inquiry into Vliet's pension status. The Division of Pensions was advised that his employment since January 1971 was on a temporary basis and that a replacement could not be found because the salary for the positions was too low. In September 1974 Vliet resigned his positions with the two boards.

Thereafter, in March 1975 respondent rescinded its approval of Vliet's retirement application and demanded repayment

[156 NJSuper Page 86]

of all sums paid him since January 1, 1971. The total sum was $19,886.85. Respondent also demanded contributions of $633.75 which were due based upon Vliet's continued employment with the township. Vliet was invited to file a new retirement application effective October 1, 1974, and he was told that his reimbursement could be made by an actuarial reduction of the allowance for his remaining lifetime. Vliet filed a second retirement application without prejudice to his rights. He also challenged the action proposed by the Division of Pensions, and a hearing was held.

No witnesses were offered by Vliet at the hearing. The submission on his behalf was in writing. Affidavits were submitted stating generally that no replacements could be found for the positions of clerk to the two boards, although inquiries were made and people were interviewed for those positions.

John A. McGarrity, Assistant Director of the Division of Pensions, testified at the hearing. His responsibility included monitoring pension allowances to individuals after retirement. He stated that a roster received from Chester Township in the summer of 1974 showed that Vliet, a retired employee, was reemployed and had been since January 1971 without reenrollment in the retirement system and suspension of his retired status. Promptly thereafter McGarrity advised Chester Township in writing that Vliet was not entitled to maintain his dual status. He also testified than an employee in a non-Civil Service unit may be classified as a "temporary" for no more than one year for pension purposes. At the beginning of the second continuous year of employment he is deemed a permanent employee for pension purposes. See N.J.A.C. 17:2-2.4(c) which provides that an employee whose compulsory enrollment date is not fixed by sections (a) and (b)

The agency below, the Board of Trustees of PERS (Board), found that Vliet was not a "temporary employee" within the meaning of N.J.S.A. 43:15A-7(b) and that he was required to continue membership in PERS pursuant to N.J.S.A. 43:15A-57.2. Vliet was found to have all the indicia of a permanent employee in the two municipal positions. Contrary to the recommendation of the hearing examiner (who also found that Vliet was not a temporary employee), the board concluded that Vliet must repay all pension payments received between 1971 and 1974, plus normal contributions to PERS based upon his earnings in that period. The Board found that Vliet could not rely upon the advice received from PERS because his

[156 NJSuper Page 88]

actual employment status was not fully disclosed in the correspondence with the Division of Pensions.

We accept the finding of the Board that Vliet was not a temporary employee within the meaning of applicable law. That finding is supported by sufficient credible evidence and will not be disturbed here. Mayflower Securities Co., Inc. v. Bureau of Securities , 64 N.J. 85, 92-93 (1973); Close v. Kordulak Bros. , 44 N.J. 589, 598-599 (1965).

Not being a temporary employee, Vliet was required to enroll, or re-enroll, in PERS. N.J.S.A. 43:15A-7 provides that membership in PERS shall include:

b. Any person becoming an employee of the State or other employer after January 2, 1955 and every veteran, other than those whose appointments are temporary or seasonal, becoming an employee of the State or other employer after such date; * * *.*fn2

[156 NJSuper Page 89]

As a person eligible for membership in PERS or whose membership in PERS is compulsory, Vliet could not receive his pension while continuing in employment as clerk of the board of adjustment and of the planning board of Chester Township. This is made clear by N.J.S.A. 43:15A-57.2, as follows:

If a former member of the * * * retirement system, who has been granted a retirement allowance for any cause other than disability, becomes employed again in a position which makes him eligible to be a member of the retirement system, * * * his retirement allowance * * * shall be canceled until he again retires.

Such person shall be re-enrolled in the retirement system and shall contribute thereto at a rate based on his age at the time of re-enrollment. * * *

Upon subsequent retirement of such member, * * * his former retirement allowance shall be reinstated * * * based on his former membership. In addition, he shall receive an additional retirement allowance, based on his subsequent service * * *.

Thus, the Board of Trustees properly concluded that Vliet's pension was not payable so long as he continued in employment in a position with Chester Township which was not temporary. This brings us, then, to the remedy imposed by the Board of Trustees.

Weighing equitable factors, the hearing examiner recommended that appellant should not be required to reimburse PERS for prior pension payments received, citing Skulski v. Nolan , 68 N.J. 179 (1975) and Indursky v. Board of Trustees , 137 N.J. Super. 335, 343 (App. Div. 1975). The equities are not all on Vliet's side, however. Had he advised the Division of Pensions of his exact employment status he could have received more specific advice. It does not seem reasonable for him to have relied on the fact that his employment was simply termed "temporary employment,"

[156 NJSuper Page 90]

although this is the literal reading of the Division of Pensions' letter to him dated January 22, 1971. But that letter went on to state, as did a previous letter, that his pension would be "adversely affected" if he accepted any employment which requires reenrollment in PERS.

While Vliet should not benefit from noncompliance with the law, we conclude that total reimbursement would be inequitable. Cf. Indursky, supra. It is unlikely that Vliet would have continued in part-time employment at $2,000 a year if he had known that he would have to give up a pension of approximately $5,300 a year. Knowing that he would have chosen his pension above part-time employment, we will require Vliet to pay to PERS all moneys earned by him while employed by Chester Township since January 1, 1971. This restores Vliet to full pension status as of that date, without earnings from Chester Township which would otherwise have interrupted his retirement benefits.

We add a note of caution. This remedy may not be applied in a future case. We do not intend to encourage employees to play heads-I-win-tails-you-lose with the Division of Pensions. This case should serve as some forewarning of the applicable law. Retirees cannot expect to find sanctuary in the designation "temporary employee," enabling them to benefit from retirement and public employment simultaneously. We note also that footnote 2 above suggests the need for further study by state officials and the Legislature of the status of temporary employees and their eligibility for membership in PERS.

We affirm the determination below, in part, and modify the reimbursement order as stated herein.

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