Decided: May 24, 1977.
STATE OF NEW JERSEY, PLAINTIFF-RESPONDENT,
PHILIP TROTWOOD, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT
Halpern, Allcorn and Botter. The opinion of the court was delivered by Halpern, P.J.A.D.
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Defendant was convicted in the West Windsor Township Municipal Court of two separate violations of hitchhiking (N.J.S.A. 39:4-59).*fn1 He appealed to the Mercer County Court contending the statute was unconstitutional. After a trial de novo on the record, he was found guilty and the constitutionality of the statute upheld.
Defendant appeals, alleging the unconstitutionality of N.J.S.A. 39:4-59.*fn2 We have reviewed the record, including the briefs submitted, and affirm defendant's conviction essentially for the reasons expressed in the opinion below. We make two further observations in response to defendant's contentions on appeal.
Contrary to defendant's assertion, the trial judge appropriately applied the traditional equal protection standard, a rational relationship test, in determining the constitutionality of this statute. State v. Fearick , 69 N.J. 32 (1976). The statute on its face does not discriminate against any class of people. All persons are prohibited from soliciting rides while standing "in a highway." Common experience does not support the conclusion that only poor
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people hitchhike. Absent such a showing, there is no "suspect" classification and thus no reason to apply a "compelling state interest test" to determine the constitutionality of this statute. See San Antonio Indep. School Dist. v. Rodriguez , 411 U.S. 1, 93 S. Ct. 1278, 36 L. Ed. 2d 16 (1973); State v. Fearick, supra. Moreover, the statute does not prohibit the solicitation of rides anywhere other than "in a highway." Therefore, it cannot be said that the class discriminated against has, because of the statute, sustained an absolute deprivation of a meaningful opportunity to travel and enjoy a "benefit" -- here, the ability to solicit a ride or to hitchhike.
Nor is this statute unconstitutionally overbroad. It neither vests unlimited discretionary powers in the police regarding the enforcement of its provisions nor prohibits the otherwise legal act of picking up hitchhikers, as alleged by defendant. State v. Profaci , 56 N.J. 346, 350 (1970); also Landry v. Daley , 280 F. Supp. 938 (N.D. Ill. 1968), app. dism., 393 U.S. 220, 89 S. Ct. 455, 21 L. Ed. 2d 392 (1968); City of Seattle v. Larkin , 10 Wash. App. 205, 516 P. 2d 1083 (App. Ct. 1973).
It is our view that N.J.S.A. 39:4-59 represents a valid exercise of the State's police power to protect the safety of the public, and any inconvenience which may be caused to a hitchhiker is a reasonable and justifiable intrusion on his right to travel. See Cox v. Louisiana , 379 U.S. 536, 554, 85 S. Ct. 453, 13 L. Ed. 2d 471 (1965); State v. Kabayama , 98 N.J. Super. 85 (App. Div. 1967), aff'd 52 N.J. 507 (1968).