Lynch, Milmed and Antell.
Muriel Kabot, the proponent and executrix named in the will of Helene Margow, appeals from a judgment which, among other things, denied letters testamentary to her and which awarded letters of administration with the will annexed to Donald Peiffer, the caveator and nephew of the decedent. This was based upon the trial judge's finding that the proponent, in admittedly preparing the decedent's last will and testament, engaged in the unlawful practice of law. N.J.S.A. 2A:170-78.
Included in the estate were shares of stock in Marmac Oil, a corporation in which Margow and her deceased husband were majority shareholders and which was managed by Peiffer. Margow's will, dated June 3, 1975 contained the following two clauses:
SEVENTH: I hereby authorize my Executrix herein named to sell, exchange, mortgage and lease any and all of my estate, real and person [sic], in her discretion, at such time and in such manner and on such terms and conditions as she may deem best; to make, execute and deliver any and all papers necessary and proper for the sale, exchange, transfer, conveyance, mortgage and lease thereof, and to do any and all acts in her discretion expedient or necessary to the full execution of this, my Last Will and Testament.
EIGHTH: I hereby direct that should any vote or other action be required in connection with any stock which I may own at the time of my death, that then and in that event my Executrix herein named shall vote such stock or take such other action with respect thereto as directed by my nephew, DONALD PEIFFER, aforesaid, such action to be only in favor of my said nephew, and not otherwise.
Prior to the June 3, 1975 will Margow had executed wills in January 1975, 1974, 1973 and in 1967. Her residuary estate was left outright to Peiffer in the January 1975, 1973 and 1967 wills and was left in trust to him in the 1974 will.
The evidence shows that Kabot, who had been a legal secretary for many years, first met Margow in the early 1960s when Kabot's employer was involved in the administration of Margow's husband's estate. Throughout 1973 and 1974 Margow's health deteriorated, during which time she and Kabot developed a friendly relationship. In late 1974 Margow expressed her dissatisfaction with lawyers and asked Kabot to make a new will for her.
Kabot typed a will according to Margow's wishes. Kabot allegedly refused a bequest and agreed to become Margow's executrix. When Kabot offered to serve without commission, Margow allegedly violently objected. Kabot presided at the execution of this will on January 16, 1975.
In late spring 1975 Margow asked Kabot to change her will so that Peiffer's interest in Marmac Oil would be fully protected. Thus Kabot prepared the will in question which was substantially the same as the January 1975 will except for the addition of clause Eighth, above. It was executed under Kabot's supervision.
Kabot offered this will for probate two days after Margow's death. Some time later she and Peiffer had a discussion in which she suggested that the minority interest in Marmac be bought out. It was then that Peiffer became "scared" and filed a caveat against the probate of the will.
Prior to trial Kabot filed a motion to dismiss the caveat on the grounds that Peiffer lacked standing. Although we are not sure of the judge's reasons he obviously found that Peiffer had standing and the order denying the motion was signed December 2, 1975. After a trial the judge found that there was no evidence of undue influence on Kabot's part, and that although ...