For reversal and remandment -- Chief Justice Hughes, Justices Mountain, Sullivan, Pashman, Clifford and Schreiber and Judge Conford. For affirmance -- None.
[71 NJ Page 355] The City of Wildwood (Wildwood) supplies water to the inhabitants of the City of North Wildwood, Borough of Wildwood Crest, Township of Middle and Township of Lower. When Wildwood adopted an ordinance in 1973 increasing the water rates by 58%, the four municipalities filed a petition with the Board of Public Utility Commissioners (Board), requesting the Board to declare the proposed rates invalid and determining fair and reasonable water charges.
The Board denied a request by Wildwood to dismiss the petition for lack of jurisdiction. After the Appellate Division granted Wildwood's motion for leave to appeal, it reversed in an unreported opinion. We granted the petitions for certification of the Board and of the four municipalities. 69 N.J. 82 (1975).
The relevant facts have been stipulated by the parties and may be summarized as follows:
Beginning in 1908 and continuously thereafter, the Wildwood Waterworks Company, a private public utility, distributed water in Wildwood, North Wildwood, Wildwood Crest, Lower Township and Middle Township. In 1915, the Waterworks Company sold its water system to the City of Wildwood which has continued to provide water for these communities. The City has always set rates in its ordinances. The instant proceeding was triggered by Wildwood's adoption of an amended ordinance which increased the rates, effective December 1, 1973.*fn1
We held in In re Glen Rock, 25 N.J. 241 (1957) that where a municipality acquired before 1929 a water distribution system which served users in an adjoining municipality, rates charged to non-resident users were not subject to the regulatory power of the Board of Public Utility Commissioners. However, we found that the Board did have such rate regulatory jurisdiction with respect to water systems acquired after 1929. Our decision was predicated upon N.J.S.A. 40:62-49(f) (enacted in 1929) which authorized municipalities
to furnish water to consumers beyond its border "under such terms and conditions as may be ordered by the board of public utility commissioners." Rates were deemed to be an appropriate term of service under the statute.
Ten years later Justice Francis, who had filed a vigorous dissent in In re Glen Rock, 25 N.J. at 252, writing for a unanimous court in In re Complaint by Morris Tp., 49 N.J. 194 (1967), held that the water rates charged by the Town of Morristown to consumers in surrounding municipalities were subject to the regulatory authority of the Board where parts of the water distribution system serving users beyond Morristown's municipal limits had been acquired both before and after 1929. Under these circumstances neither reason nor policy justifies any viability in the holding in In re Glen Rock and we overrule it for the reasons expressed by Justice Francis in his dissent and in his opinion in In re Complaint by Morris Tp.
We note that the Legislature has recently provided that whenever any municipality with a waterworks or water supply furnishes water to consumers within any other municipality, the supplying municipality shall be subject to the same jurisdiction, regulation and control of the Board as other public utilities. L. 1975, c. 184, N.J.S.A. 40:62-85.2. The statute recognizes the policy that, when a municipality supplies water to residents of neighboring communities, it should be subject to all the obligations of a privately owned public utility, including the duty to charge fair and reasonable rates, and that the task of making such determinations should be entrusted in the first instance to an administrative agency with the appropriate expertise. The same policy is enunciated in In re Complaint by Morris Tp., 49 N.J. at 205.
The statute was effective August 16, 1975, and is applicable to all proceedings instituted after that date. Our holding herein shall only be operative with respect to proceedings which had been instituted prior to the effective
date of the new law. Accordingly, the Board has jurisdiction in the ...