Brody, J.J.D.R.C., Temporarily Assigned.
[128 NJSuper Page 292] When this legal malpractice action was assigned for trial several weeks ago, counsel appeared and orally made various motions that
must be decided before trial. Today is the adjourned trial date and the return day of the motions.
On August 28, 1964 plaintiff slipped and fell as she was leaving the General Motors Futurama exhibit at the New York World's Fair. The following month she consulted defendant, then an attorney-at-law of New Jersey, to have him represent her in making a claim for personal injuries arising out of the accident.
Plaintiff contends that from this interview defendant led her to believe that he would "handle" her matter, with the likelihood of his having to engage New York counsel to process suit. She further contends that for six years thereafter she telephoned defendant on an average of two or three times a year, inquiring into the progress of the case and that on each occasion he assured her that it was moving slowly toward trial in New York. In the fall of 1970 plaintiff consulted another attorney, who learned from the defendant that no case had been instituted. Defendant claimed to have advised plaintiff by letter dated August 16, 1965 that she should engage New York counsel and that he would do nothing more on her behalf. Plaintiff denies having received the letter and the authenticity of defendant's file copy is in question.
The applicable New York statute of limitations barred plaintiff's personal injury action on August 28, 1967, three years after the date of the accident. The present action was commenced March 31, 1971.
The following questions need to be resolved at this time: (1) Is the present action barred by the New Jersey statute of limitations? (2) Since the statute of limitations is an affirmative defense in New York, may plaintiff bring the present action without having first failed in her attempt to bring the personal injury action? (3) Assuming the issues to be tried include defendant's neglect and the lost value of plaintiff's personal injury action, should the trial be bifurcated? (4) In considering the lost value of plaintiff's personal injury action, should the jury decide the case as a
matter of first impression or should it determine what a New York jury would have decided if timely suit had been instituted? (5) If the issue is what a New York jury would have done, may plaintiff adduce expert testimony of New York settlement value and verdict value? (6) Is the fact of defendant's disbarment, subsequent to the events of this case and for reasons unrelated to this case, admissible to affect his credibility?
Counsel have stipulated that the present action would not be barred if the applicable statute of limitations is N.J.S.A. 2A:14-1 (the six-year statute), but would be barred subject to a discovery hearing if the applicable statute is N.J.S.A. 2A:14-2 (the two-year statute). The latter statute applies to "every action at law for an injury to the person caused by the wrongful act, neglect or default of any person * * *." The former statute applies to any other "tortious injury to the rights of another * * * or for recovery upon a contractual claim or liability * * *." There is no statute explicitly covering malpractice actions.
In the absence of an explicit indication of special meaning, the words of a statute are to be given their ordinary and well-understood meaning. Fahey v. Jersey City, 52 N.J. 103, 107 (1968). By its language the two-year statute applies only where defendant is charged with having "caused" plaintiff an injury to the person. Such is not the case here where defendant is charged with having caused plaintiff the loss of recovery from an action which happens to be for a personal injury. Hillhouse v. McDowell, 219 Tenn. 362, 410 S.W. 2d 162 (Sup. Ct. 1966); O'Neill v. Gray, 30 F. 2d 776 (2 Cir. 1929). Cf. McLellan v. Fuller, 226 Mass. 374, 115 N.E. 481, 482 (Sup. Jud. Ct. 1917). The present action comes under N.J.S.A. 2A:14-1 and is therefore not barred
Defendant contends that since the defense of the statute of limitations must be affirmatively pleaded in New York, the present action may ...