The opinion of the court was delivered by: COHEN
This is an action pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. § 552,
wherein plaintiffs, William A. Stretch and Douglas A. Campbell, the publisher and an investigative reporter respectively, of the Camden Courier Post, seek disclosure of documents in the possession of defendant, Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW). The documents in question are "Extended Care Facility Survey Reports" (Reports) which are prepared by State agencies and utilized by HEW in the administrative determination of whether health care facilities in the State of New Jersey qualify for reimbursement under the Medicare program.
Jurisdiction is conferred pursuant to the provisions of 5 U.S.C. § 552(a)(3). Before the court are cross motions for summary judgment. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56. Inasmuch as there are no material issues of fact to be resolved, the case is ripe for disposition by summary judgment.
A two-pronged argument is advanced by the plaintiffs to the court urging that 42 U.S.C. § 1306(a) does not authorize withholding of the reports. First, plaintiffs argue that the congressional objective in enacting 42 U.S.C. § 1306(a) was to protect disclosure of information concerning private applicants and recipients; further, that the reports in question are institutional and did not come into use until at least twenty-five years after the passage of 42 U.S.C. § 1306(a), and, therefore, these reports do not come within the ambit of that section. Secondly, plaintiffs contend that the subsequently enacted Freedom of Information Act only excepts materials specifically exempted by statute. 42 U.S.C. § 1306(a) does not specifically exempt these Survey Reports but, to the contrary, vests wide discretion in the Secretary of HEW to determine which documents should be disclosed. Inasmuch as the statute fails to provide for an express exemption, plaintiffs maintain that they are entitled to copies of the Reports.
The primary objective of the Freedom of Information Act is "to increase the citizen's access to government records." Getman v. N.L.R.B., 146 U.S. App. D.C. 209, 211, 450 F.2d 670, 672 (1971). The statute thus exhibits a liberal policy of disclosure. To be borne in mind, however, is the congressional determination that the Executive Branch of Government must have the option to keep certain information confidential. See Environmental Protection Agency v. Mink, 410 U.S. 73, 93 S. Ct. 827, 35 L. Ed. 2d 119 (1973).
Four district court decisions have considered the identical issue, two of which have ordered production of the Reports, Serchuk v. Richardson, Civ. 72-1212 (S.D. Fla., November 28, 1972) and Schecter v. Richardson, Civ. 710-72 (D.D.C., July 17, 1972), and two have forbidden such disclosure, Schecter v. Weinberger, Civ. 2319-72 (D.D.C., June 7, 1973), and People v. Richardson, 351 F. Supp. 733 (N.D. Cal. 1972).
42 U.S.C. § 1306(a) vests wide discretion in the Secretary of HEW to prevent disclosure of "any file, record, report, or other paper, or any information, obtained at any time by any officer or employee of the Department . . . ." Such discretion is inconsistent with the "specific exemption" requirement of the Freedom of Information Act. Since the underlying policy of the Act favors liberal disclosure, the exemptions should be narrowly construed, Serchuk v. Richardson, supra.
Moreover, the times in which we live have engendered a public awareness, as never before. The best governed society is an informed society. A responsible press has the obligation to keep the public abreast of governmental activity. In balancing the considerations herein advanced, it is the view of this Court that the interest of the public is paramount to that of a private institution seeking governmental reimbursement under the Medicare program.
Accordingly, it is the determination of this Court that plaintiffs are entitled to access to ...