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Hughes v. Cypress Garden Apartments Inc.

New Jersey Superior Court, Appellate Division


Decided: February 29, 1972.

LILLIAN HUGHES, COMPLAINANT-RESPONDENT,
v.
CYPRESS GARDEN APARTMENTS, INC., A NEW JERSEY CORPORATION; SAMUEL SCHWARZ; HARRY WILF; JOSEPH WILF, AND MRS. FRANCES DEVICO, RESPONDENTS-APPELLANTS

Lewis, Halpern and Lora.

Per Curiam

[118 NJSuper Page 375]

Lillian Hughes filed a complaint on June 4, 1969 with the New Jersey Division of Civil Rights, charging that, on March 22, 1969, one Devico, agent of respondent Cypress Garden Apartments, Inc. (Cypress) denied her, because of race, the same opportunity to rent an available apartment as was given to other people. She alleged a violation of the New Jersey Law Against Discrimination.

The Director of the Division, pursuant to N.J.S.A. 10:5-14, filed a notice of a determination on June 16, 1969, that probable cause existed for crediting the allegations of the complaint and scheduled a conciliation conference for July 1, 1969. The notice stated:

If this Conciliation Conference does not result in a satisfactory agreement for settling the issues involved in the complaint, a Public Hearing will be scheduled to be held no later than 20 days after the date of the Conciliation Conference * * *.

Approximately 11 months later (May 28, 1970) Cypress received notice that it was required to answer the charges of complainant at a hearing set for June 29, 1970. At that hearing it moved to dismiss the complaint because a hearing had not been scheduled within 20 days following the conciliation conference and it was therefore prejudiced by the delay and inaction of the Division. The hearing examiner reserved decision on the motion, proceeded to take evidence, and approximately ten months thereafter (April 13, 1971) filed recommended findings of fact and conclusions of law.

[118 NJSuper Page 376]

He found that complainant had proved discrimination on the part of Cypress. Objections to the examiner's report were filed and, on May 25, 1971, the Director of the Division determined that the Division's rules of practice and procedure are directory and not mandatory and that the evidence supported a finding of discrimination based on race in violation of the law. Cypress appealed.

We note that when the hearing examiner asked counsel for respondents whether he had requested a hearing at any time he responded:

We under that the matter was disposed of following the Conciliation Conference. At that time the agent came out and inspected the books and records of the company, and he indicated they were satisfied at the time that there was no further need for action, and I personally closed my file at that point.

Nothing in the record suggests that this assumption by counsel, that the matter was satisfactorily settled at the conciliation conference, was unreasonable. See Park Ridge v. Salimone , 21 N.J. 28, 49-50 (1956).

N.J.A.C. 13:4-32 provides, in pertinent part, that "hearings shall be scheduled no later than 20 days after the date of the Conciliation Conference." That rule should be read in pari materia with N.J.A.C. 13:4-2, 30 and 37. In the circumstances it is unnecessary for purposes of this opinion to decide whether the 20-day period in N.J.A.C. 13:4-32 is directory or mandatory.*fn*

[118 NJSuper Page 377]

The record supports the uncontradicted claim of Cypress that it was seriously prejudiced by the inordinate delay of the Division in notifying respondents that a hearing would be held.

A resolution of critical fact issues in this type of proceeding should not have to rest on conflicting testimony where memories are rendered hazy and murky by the passage of time and events.

Reversed.


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