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United States v. Maroney

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE THIRD CIRCUIT


decided: December 28, 1970.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA EX REL. EDWARD RYBARIK, APPELLANT,
v.
JAMES F. MARONEY, SUPERINTENDENT, STATE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION, PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA

Aldisert, Adams and Rosenn, Circuit Judges.

Author: Per Curiam

Opinion OF THE COURT

When appellant previously appealed to this court from the denial of a writ of habeas corpus, we remanded, 406 F.2d 1055, the proceedings to the district court for the determination of the issue of effective assistance of trial counsel. Upon remand, counsel was appointed for him. The district court, in reviewing the records of both the trial and a state evidentiary hearing,*fn1 applied the standards of United States ex rel. Mathis v. Rundle, 394 F.2d 748 (3 Cir. 1968), that late appointment of counsel created a prima facie presumption of prejudice, and United States ex rel. Chambers v. Maroney, 408 F.2d 1186 (3 Cir. 1969), that this presumption could be rebutted by an affirmative showing of no prejudice to the defendant.*fn2

After making a detailed analysis of the testimony adduced both at trial and at the state evidentiary hearing, the district court concluded that appellant was not denied effective assistance of trial counsel. We have reviewed the record and we agree.

Subsequent to the district court proceedings, this court reviewed our Mathis rule, and in Moore v. United States, 432 F.2d 730 (3 Cir. 1970), placed upon the relator the burden of proving prejudice based upon late appointment of counsel. Considered either in light of the standard applied by the district court, which placed upon the Commonwealth the burden of showing an absence of prejudice, or in view of the controlling standard of Moore, the record discloses no denial of appellant's right to effective assistance of counsel.

The judgment of the district court will be affirmed.


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