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State v. Ruggiero

Decided: October 21, 1963.

THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY, PLAINTIFF-RESPONDENT,
v.
LOUIS RUGGIERO, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT



For affirmance -- Chief Justice Weintraub, and Justices Jacobs, Francis, Proctor, Hall, Schettino and Haneman. For reversal -- None.

Per Curiam

Defendant's conviction for bookmaking was affirmed by the Appellate Division, and one judge there dissenting, defendant prosecuted a further appeal to us. R.R. 1:2-1(b).

The substantial issue is whether the trial court invaded the jury's province. We agree with the Appellate Division that upon the entire charge the jurors must have understood that the issue of guilt was wholly for them without any finding thereon by the trial judge, and hence the error complained of was not harmful.

We add a word with respect to the trial court's use of " prima facie " in speaking of the evidential impact of proof of possession of gambling paraphernalia. " Prima facie," a shorthand expression for the sufficiency of proof upon some factual issue, belongs to the lexicon of lawyers. As to jurors, the charge should say simply that it is for them to decide whether the State carried its burden of proof upon a consideration of the whole case. However, we are satisfied that in the context of the entire charge the use of " prima facie " did not suggest that the law predetermined the inculpatory thrust of the evidence or shifted to defendant the burden of proof or persuasion.

The judgment is ...


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