Conford, Gaulkin and Kilkenny.
This is a motion by appellant for a reconsideration of the order of this court entered on September 4, 1962, denying his application for leave to join the City of Passaic as an additional party respondent herein and to serve a copy of the notice of appeal upon the city as within time. The city opposes the application now, as it did formerly.
A brief recital of the facts is necessary for a clarification of the issue.
Appellant, a classified civil service employee who had been employed in the Park Department of the city as a foreman, was dismissed by the city after a contested public hearing on charges alleging conduct unbecoming a public employee. He appealed his dismissal to the Civil Service Commission and,
after a de novo hearing before the Commission, at which both appellant and the city were represented by attorneys, the dismissal by the municipality was sustained and the appeal was dismissed. The decision of the Civil Service Commission was entered on March 5, 1962 and a copy thereof concededly was served upon appellant on March 14, 1962.
Appellant filed a notice of appeal with the Appellate Division on April 26, 1962, seeking thereby a review of the final decision of the Civil Service Commission. This was done pursuant to R.R. 4:88-8. Such filing was timely, being within the 45-day limitation provided in R.R. 1:3-1(b). Copies of the notice of appeal were served upon the Civil Service Commission and the Attorney General, as required by R.R. 4:88-8(a). However, appellant did not serve a copy of the notice of appeal upon the city or its attorney, despite the provision in R.R. 4:88-8(a) that copies of the notice of appeal must be served upon the state administrative agency and the Attorney General "and all other parties to the proceeding or their attorneys."
On August 27, 1962 appellant moved before the Appellate Division for an order permitting him to serve a notice of appeal upon, and to prosecute an appeal against, the City of Passaic. After hearing the arguments of counsel and it appearing then to the satisfaction of the court that the time within which an appeal may be taken under R.R. 1:3-1(b), and the extension of time which may, under proper circumstances, be permitted under R.R. 1:27B, had both expired, and the court then being satisfied that the appellant was not entitled to the relief sought, the motion of appellant was denied and the order of September 4, 1962, now before us for reconsideration, was entered.
There has been no appeal from the order of September 4, 1962 and no petition for a rehearing prior to the present application, which was made returnable on December 17, 1962. However, the Civil Service Commission, on November 26, 1962, moved to dismiss the appeal for lack of a necessary party, the City of Passaic. We denied the motion at that
time, without prejudice to its being renewed later, and suggested that the appellant might move for a reconsideration of the order of September 4, 1962. However, we then stated that this suggestion did not imply that we would grant the application if it was subsequently made, but only that we would then give the matter further study. The appellant has followed our suggestion with the present motion. The Civil Service Commission has also renewed its motion to dismiss for lack of a necessary party.
An appeal is taken by serving a copy of the notice of appeal upon the respondent or his attorney and filing the notice of appeal with service acknowledged or with an affidavit of service annexed thereto with the court or agency from which the appeal is being taken. Both service and filing must be complied with within the time limited by the rules which, in the instant case, was 45 days. R.R. 1:3-1(b). Weaver v. North Bergen Tp. , 6 N.J. 475, 478 (1951).
The requirements of the rules were observed in the present case, except that service of a copy of the notice of appeal was not made on the City of Passaic, a party to the proceeding before the Civil Service Commission, or its attorney. R.R. 4:88-8(a). When the time requirements for the prosecution of an appeal, either as to service or filing of the notice of appeal, have not been complied with, the Appellate Division does not have discretionary power to entertain an untimely appeal, except under R.R. 1:27B referred to above and subject to such powers as the court has under R.R. 4:88-15(c), discussed hereinafter. In re Pfizer , 6 N.J. 233, 237 (1951); Weaver v. Tp. of North Bergen, supra. This is so, as pointed out In re Pfizer, supra , even though the "lawyer * * * understood [the rules to be otherwise]" and his belief, although erroneous, was "plausible." 6 N.J. , at p. 477. This simply means that under the mandate of ...