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City of Passaic v. Botany Mills Inc.

Decided: February 26, 1962.


Freund, Foley and Sullivan. The opinion of the court was delivered by Freund, J.A.D.


The City of Passaic appeals from judgments entered by the Division of Tax Appeals affirming judgments of the Passaic County Board of Taxation reducing the assessments on the personal property of Botany Mills, Inc. for the years 1955 and 1956.

The background of this appeal is as follows. The original assessment for 1955 was $2,150,000 and for 1956 was $1,450,000. The county board reduced the assessments for 1955 to $1,333,600 and for 1956 to $1,042,642. Botany then appealed to the Division, claiming that both assessments were in excess of true value, discriminatory, arbitrary, and not made in accordance with the same level and standard of value applied to other types of property in the same taxing district. The taxpayer therefore urged that both assessments be further reduced. Passaic appealed to have the reduced assessments increased to their original amounts. The Division affirmed the county board judgments by dismissing the city's appeal. An appeal was taken to the Appellate Division. R.R. 4:88-8(a).

The opinion in that appeal is reported in City of Passaic v. Botany Mills, Inc. , 59 N.J. Super. 537 (App. Div. 1960). The court found that Passaic had neither assessed Botany's property at true value nor in accordance with any common or uniform ratio of assessment below true value, either as to Botany's property or generally. An attempted stipulation between the parties that any Division judgment might

be fixed at 20% of such true value was held to be a nullity. Since a common ratio was not indicated by the evidence, the court determined the appeal "upon the predicate that the Division was controlled by the statutory standard of full true value in dealing with the appeals before it." So viewed, the evidence presented by Passaic was sufficient to indicate it had not assessed Botany's personalty in excess of the property's true value. The Division's dismissal of the city's appeal was held to be error and both cases were remanded for rehearing and redetermination consistent with that opinion.

On June 7 and 14, 1960 the rehearings were conducted before a Division commissioner, and testimony was presented by both parties. The testimony in Passaic v. Weston Biscuit Company, Inc., Dkt. No. A-880-60, pending before the Division, was also made applicable to this cause by stipulation. On June 28, 1961 a report was filed by the commissioner recommending that both appeals be dismissed. The Division unanimously adopted that report as its own and appropriate judgments of dismissal were entered.

Passaic alone appeals from these judgments. Briefs were filed on behalf of the municipality and the taxpayer. The Attorney General, on behalf of the Division of Tax Appeals, filed a statement in lieu of brief in which he agrees with the reasons and arguments set forth in the taxpayer's brief. R.R. 1:7-4(b), made applicable to the Appellate Division by R.R. 2:7-1.

Preliminarily, we must direct attention to the limited extent of our scope of review. Since this is an appeal from a state administrative agency, the matter cannot be subjected to the same close and technical scrutiny as is frequently applied in reviewing the judgment of a judicial tribunal. Middleton v. Div., etc., Dept. of Banking & Insurance , 39 N.J. Super. 214, 219 (App. Div. 1956). Where the subject is debatable, the agency determination will be sustained. Ordinarily, we will not resolve the conflicting evidence unless the evidence plainly demonstrates that the

administrative body has acted arbitrarily. United Hunters Association of New Jersey, Inc. v. Adams , 36 N.J. 288, 292 (1962); In re Public Service Electric and Gas Co. , 35 N.J. 358, 376 (1961); Freud v. Davis , 64 N.J. Super. 242, 246 (App. Div. 1960). Where the findings of the Division are supported by substantial evidence, we have consistently refused to disturb the judgment on factual grounds. The Division, in our tax system, occupies a unique position for the determination of disputed questions of fact. Passaic v. Gera Mills , 55 N.J. Super. 73, 91-2 (App. Div.), certif. denied 30 N.J. 153 (1959); Davis, Administrative Law (1951), ยงยง 244, 254, pp. 868, 914.

While there is a presumption in favor of the original assessment, a similar presumption attaches to the judgment of the county tax board on appeal to the Division. This latter presumption stands until the county board determination is shown to be erroneous by sufficient competent evidence to the contrary. City of Passaic v. Botany Mills, Inc., supra (59 N.J. Super. , at p. 543); Riverview Gardens v. North Arlington Borough , 9 N.J. 167, 175 (1952); and see Meltzer v. Division of Tax Appeals , 134 N.J.L. 510, 512 (Sup. Ct. 1946). Moreover, the city as appellant before the Division, had the burden of ultimate persuasion to upset the county tax board judgment. Riverview Gardens v. North Arlington Borough, supra (9 N.J. , at p. 175); Passaic v. Gera Mills, supra (55 N.J. Super. , at pp. 88-9); Passaic v. Passaic Pioneer Properties Co. , 55 N.J. Super. 94, 101 (App. Div. 1959).

At the original hearing, on June 16, 1959, before a panel of two members of the Division, Alfred J. Greene, the city tax assessor for 1955 and 1956, testified that in December 1953 he and three other assessors visited the Botany plant for the purpose of making an inspection in preparation for the 1954 personal property assessment. They discussed the value of the property with Mr. Shaddock, then president ...

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