Clapp, Jayne and Francis. The opinion of the court was delivered by Jayne, J.A.D.
This is a proceeding of conventional character in which the New Jersey Highway Authority in the exercise of its governmental power of eminent domain seeks the acquisition in fee simple of certain lands of the defendant Morris Rudd together with the interests of the other defendants therein situate in the City of Clifton, Passaic County. The plaintiff resolved that the lands were necessary in the construction of the Garden State Parkway and assumed possession of them by a declaration of taking on October 19, 1953.
The proceedings have progressed regularly. The award of the commissioners was in the sum of $20,750, from which both the plaintiff and the defendants appealed to the Law Division of this court where the jury determined the fair value of the lands as of October 19, 1953 to be $11,100. A conformable judgment was entered, from which the defendants, Mr. and Mrs. Rudd, appeal.
Initially it must be realized that the trial in eminent domain cases particularly in relation to the value of the property taken and to the determination of just compensation is essentially an informational inquisition in which the boundaries of the inquiry must for pragmatical reasons be liberally entrusted to the sound discretion of the trial judge. The limitations applied to the introduction of evidence should not be too technically contracted or so broadly stretched as to entertain a likely group of merely adventitious issues.
In the present case the jury availed themselves of the privilege of viewing the property. They doubtless comprehended the evidence which described the condition and configuration of the land as unimproved land fronting a distance of about 370 feet on Broad Street, sloping rearward about
265-290 feet to an ultimate decline of 20 to 26 feet into marsh land contiguous to the bed of the former Morris Canal. There is a city sewer pipe "exposed and in the air" extending from Board Street about 20 to 25 feet over the property from which water "would expel upon the property and flow down to the Canal."
The property is included in A2 residential zone. No residence has been erected on any part of it. A witness explained:
"Q. Do you know what the reason is that there haven't been any houses built?
A. Yes. The one was held by estates, and the owner wanted too much money in the beginning for it. When Clifton first started to get developed, it could be used for farms, they could get a fair income out of it, so he wouldn't sell it."
To counterpoise in some degree the circumstances that the property had not been developed, the endeavor was made on behalf of the defendants to disclose that the governing body of the city had previously adopted a resolution declining to issue any building permits for the erection of houses in that area.
The trial judge probably envisioned from the permissible introduction of such evidence the prospect of an embarkation into an inquisition of the applications for such permits, if any, their futility, the specific reasons therefor, and above all, the validity of such a resolution. He denied the reception of such evidence. We conclude that in the state of the evidence the ruling was within the orbit of his discretion.
The next point debated pertains to the refusal of the court to permit the broker who negotiated the sale to state the purchase price for which the defendant Morris ...