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Natalio Pagan v. Kaufman

Decided: November 3, 1952.

NATALIO PAGAN, PLAINTIFF,
v.
SAUL KAUFMAN AND GRAND CITY CONTAINER CORPORATION, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK, DEFENDANTS



On defendant's motion for summary judgment.

Duffy, J.c.c.

Duffy

This matter is before me on motion by defendant, Grand City Container Corporation, for summary judgment. It contends that the claim asserted by the plaintiff in the present complaint has been fully litigated and determined in a workmen's compensation proceeding in which the plaintiff appeared as petitioner and the corporate defendant as respondent. In support of this position, it offers further proof that the judgment of dismissal entered in the Division of Workmen's Compensation was sustained on appeal by the finding of the County Court in a trial de novo. It therefore argues that the present action is debarred under the doctrine of res judicata.

Plaintiff contends that since neither the deputy director nor the County Court judge specifically found that the petitioner (plaintiff) had sustained an accident arising out of and in the course of his employment, their findings do not preclude him from asserting his present common law claim.

Plaintiff refers to the formal determination of the deputy director which says, in part:

"Assuming, without so finding, that petitioner was injured as the result of an accident arising out of and in the course of his employment,

the question for determination is whether or not he suffered any permanent disability as a result thereof. * * * I am satisfied, and so I find that petitioner did not sustain any disability of either a temporary or permanent nature as a result of the alleged accident."

And he also refers to the judgment of the County Court, which says:

"Under the circumstances of the case, assuming, as I am disposed to believe, that the petitioner did meet with an accident arising out of and in the course of his employment, still I do not consider that he has proven by a clear preponderance of the credible evidence that he sustained permanent disability as a result thereof."

It has long been established that

"a matter is not res adjudicata unless there be identity of the thing sued for, of the cause of action, of the persons and parties, of the quality of the persons for and against whom the claim is made, and the judgment in the former suit be so in point as to control the issue in the pending action. To render a prior judgment res adjudicata the record must show that the issue was taken on the same allegations which are the foundation of the second action. The test is whether the proof which would fully support the one case would have the same effect in tending to maintain the other." Templeton v. Scudder , 16 N.J. Super. 576, 578 (App. Div. 1951); Smith v. Fischer Baking Co. , 105 N.J.L. 567, 568 (E. & A. 1929).

Applying the rule to the motion sub judice , I am satisfied that the second count of the present complaint, except for the allegation of the commission of a willful tort (assault and battery) by an agent, servant or employee of the defendant corporation, raises exactly the same issue as that previously determined. The gravamen remains the same. The circumstances of the happening are not ...


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