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Newbold v. Salmon

Decided: June 12, 1952.

GERALDINE WILLITS NEWBOLD AND MARJORIE WILLITS MARGERUM, EXECUTRICES UNDER THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF JESSIE WILLITS SALMON, PLAINTIFFS,
v.
LEWIS G. SALMON, DEFENDANT



Haneman, J.s.c.

Haneman

Lewis G. Salmon, the defendant herein, and Jessie Willits Salmon, hereinafter referred to as the decedent, were married on or about the 29th day of October, 1932. One day prior thereto the defendant and the decedent entered into an ante-nuptial agreement in writing which provided, in effect, that neither of the parties should have, or claim, any right or interest in the property of the other, whether acquired before or after said marriage.

The decedent died, leaving a last will and testament dated October 25, 1948, wherein and whereby she nominated the plaintiffs, Geraldine Willits Newbold and Marjorie Willits Margerum, her neices and the only children of a deceased brother, as executrices thereof. On or about April 21, 1951, said last will and testament was admitted to probate by the Surrogate of Atlantic County, and letters testamentary were issued to plaintiffs, who thereupon entered upon their duties and are now acting thereunder.

Said will provided for a bequest of $5,000 to be given to the defendant, notwithstanding said ante-nuptial agreement. The residuary estate, which included everything except the above bequest, was given to decedent's two neices, who are the plaintiffs herein.

After the death of Jessie Willits Salmon, plaintiffs discovered that there was a safe deposit box in the Ventnor City National Bank in the joint names of decedent and defendant

which had originally been in the name of the decedent alone. Upon opening said safe deposit box, plaintiffs discovered certain securities which were in the names of "Lewis G. Salmon and Mrs. Jessie W. Salmon as joint tenants with right of survivorship and not as tenants in common." That said securities, which are shares of stock, were purchased with moneys belonging entirely to the said decedent is admitted by counsel for all parties.

It is the contention of the plaintiffs that said shares of stock are the sole property of themselves as executrices of the estate of the decedent and that their demands upon the defendant to endorse the same, or to renounce any right or interest therein, have been denied. Plaintiffs also claim that the dividends and income from said securities have been paid to the defendant since the decedent's death; therefore, an account should be ordered thereof and the said stock, including the dividends and income therefrom, declared to be the property of the plaintiffs.

Plaintiffs seek the foregoing relief upon the grounds that Jessie W. Salmon (1) did not intend to create a joint tenancy of the said stock; (2) that the questioned acts were accomplished through the exercise of undue influence by the defendant upon the decedent, and (3) that in any event, said gifts are void or voidable, as the decedent made them at a time when she stood in a confidential relationship with the defendant, that she did not have the benefit of independent advice, and that there was a resultant impoverishment therefrom.

Plaintiffs, in their endeavor to show a pattern of conduct by the decedent, to negate the donative intent necessary to constitute a valid inter vivos gift by the decedent to the defendant, have introduced the will of the decedent's father to show that he desired his property to pass on to his issue and to none other. Furthermore, testimony was introduced by the plaintiffs to show that both the decedent and her father had discussed their problems with their attorney, Charles S. Moore, Esquire, to insure that the property would

pass to the issue of decedent's father. Much evidence was also introduced to show the resoluteness and determination on the part of the decedent to comply with her father's desires. However, the only purpose for which this evidence could be received is to negate the intent necessary to constitute an inter vivos gift.

As above noted, said securities were in the names of "Lewis G. Salmon and Mrs. Jessie W. Salmon as joint tenants with right of survivorship and not as tenants in common." This language manifests a clear intent to make a gift in praesenti. Farris v. Farris Engineering Corp. , 7 N.J. 487 (1951). Furthermore, the testimony reveals that the legal consequences of a joint tenancy were explained to her by the broker who sold her the said securities and that she subsequently stated that the stock had been bought in joint names. Therefore, it is conclusive that a valid gift inter vivos was created, notwithstanding the introduction into evidence of the ante-nuptial agreement, the will of the ...


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